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26 terms

History Exam

What are the Axis Powers in World War II?
a. Soviet Union, Germany, Italy
b. Germany, Japan, Italy
c. Germany, Italy, France
d. Soviet Union, Japan, Germany
Germany's invasion of _____ on September 1, 1939 marked the start of World War II
a. Denmark
b. Britain
c. France
d. Poland
FDR's "lend- lease" program allowed:
a. states to earn block grants from the federal government
b. The US to sell military supplies to the Axis Powers
c. Britain to borrow military
In the months leading to Pearl Harbor:
a. relations between the US and Japan appeared to be getting better
b. Germany withdrew its troops from the Soviet Union
c. Japan signed a non aggression pact with China
d. FDR froze Japanese assets and increased US naval presence in the Pacific
Which statement about Pearl Harbor is true?
a. the attack left the US with no naval carriers in the Pacific
b. Japan destroyed all of the oil storage tanks at Pearl Harbor
c. more than 2,000 Americans were killed in the surprise Japan attack
d. even after the attack, many congressmen voted against the declaration of war
A turning point on the eastern front came when
a. the Americans defeated the Japanese navy at the Battle of Midway
b. Allied forces defeated the Germans at El Almein
c. the Soviet Union forced a German surrender after the battle of Stalingrad
d. FDR sent 2 million troops to the aid of the battered Soviet Union
The first check to Japanese expansion came at the Battle of the Coral Sea when
a. British reinforcements relieved a battered US navy
b. US aircraft carriers halted a Japanese advance toward Australia
c. The Japanese were forced to surrender the island fortress of Corregidor
d. the alliance of the Axis powers dissolved
The Manhattan Project was the code name for
a. the D Day invasion
b. rationing programs in the US
c. the project to develop the atomic bomb
d. the American attack at Iwo Jima
FDR's issuance of Executive Order 8802
a. allowed women to join the Army-Air Corps
b. required participation in scrap drives and victory gardens
c. gave approval for the dropping of the atomic bomb in Japan
d. banned racial discrimination in employment for defense industries
During WWII, riots in Harlem and Detroit revealed that
a. the Communist Party had a strong foundation in urban areas
b. antiwar sentiment was on the rise as the war continued
c. labor unions were not following FDR's no strike appeals
d.racial divisiveness was still a social problem in America
Who replaced Henry Wallace as FDR's running mate in 1944?
a. John Kennedy
b. harry Truman
c. Harry Hopkins
d. Dwight Eisenhower
Meetings of Allied leaders at Casablanca and Tehran revealed that
a. China would not continue to aid the Allies' cause
b. japan was on the verge of surrender
c. The Soviet Union was no longer experiencing significant casualties
d. the Allies possessed differing views of the world after the war
After the fall of Mussolini
a. The Axis Powers withdrew all of the their troops from central Europe
b. the British shifted their focus back to North Africa
c. bitter fighting for the control of Italy took place between the Allies and Germany
Operation Overlord was the code name for the
a. re election strategy of FDR
b. project to build the atomic bomb
c. D Day invasion
Britain and the US began their European offensive against Germany by invading
a. France
b. Italy
c. Norway
d. the Netherlands
The most important result of the fighting after the Allied landing at Normandy was
a. the toppling of Mussolini's government in Italy
b. the retreat of the Germans out of France
The purpose of the D Day invasion was to
a. knock Italy out of the war
b. the retreat of the Germans out of France
c. it showed Harry Truman's skills as a presidential leader
d. it coincided with the Americans' victory at Kasserine Pass
Who had the highest of the number of total dead in WWII?
a. the Soviet Union
b. China
c. Germany
d. Japan
As the Allies began to defeat the Germans from the east and the west:
a. Japan considered a sudden surrender to Great Britain
b. Mussolini signed an alliance treaty with the US
c. They began to uncover the horrors of Nazi death camps
d. antiwar protester began to march on Washington
Which statement is not true?
a. Jews and Poles were the only people killed in Nazi death camps
b. Soviet troops came upon camps in which millions of Jews had been killed
c. as Allied troops liberated conquered areas, they could scarcely believe the horrors
The American strategy in the Pacific has often been called
a. Blitzkrieg
b. beach combing
c. island hopping
d. lightening war
The bitter intensity of the war in the Pacific was magnified by
a. Japan's lack of any fighter planes
b. racial hatred and cultural differences between both sides
c. the defeat of the Americans at Leyete Gulf
d. the American's inability to cut off supplies to Japan
At the Yalta Conference
a. Truman had to replace the ailing FDR
b. the Soviet Union asserted control of land it already controlled
c. Stalin refused to join the newly created United Nations
d. the Allies did not address the designation of occupation zones in war-torn Europe
In the Potsdam Declaration of 1945, the US attempted to
a. withdraw all of its troops from Western Europe
b. inform Japan about the United States' nuclear capabilities
c. open the door for a Japanese surrender
Japan surrendered to the US
a. because they feared entry of the Soviet Union into the war in the Pacific
b. as a result of the destructive fire bombing of Tokyo
c. after the US dropped a 2nd atomic bomb
The last military action of WWII as
a. the atomic bombing of Nagasaki
b. the Allied capture of Berlin
c. the battle of Iwo Jima