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Lesson 2: Cells (Structure & Function)
Vocabulary for Smithsonian STC-MS Structure & Function Unit
Terms in this set (24)
A domain of single-celled, prokaryotic organisms that survive in extreme environments, such as extreme heat, acid, or salt.
The smallest organized unit in a living thing.
The outermost living layer of a plant or animal cell that regulates what enters and leaves the cell.
A scientific theory that describes the properties of cells as the basic unit of structure and reproduction in all organisms.
Compound Light Microscope
A microscope that uses two lenses and light to make a specimen visible.
The jellylike material inside a cell and surrounded by a cell membrane.
The process by which cells become specialized to perform a particular function.
DNA (Deoxyriboneucleic Acid)
Hereditary material that determines an organism's traits.
The stage of an organism that follows fertilization and continues until birth or germination.
The study of changes in active and inactive genes and how cells read these genes.
A type of cell or an organism whose cell(s) contains a nucleus; includes all plant, animal, fungus, and protist species.
One of many portions of a DNA molecule that contains genetic instructions.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
A procedure in which eggs are removed from a female's ovaries, fertilized with sperm, and returned to the female's uterus.
Any organism composed of two or more cells.
The command center of the cell; regulates cell functions and contains the DNA.
One of many structures in a cell that performs a specific function.
A type of cell or an organism whose cell does not contain a nucleus; includes all bacteria and archaea species.
A cellular structure found in large numbers that produces proteins for the cell.
A visual representation of observations of the natural world that places emphasis on accuracy and detail.
A group of interbreeding organisms that share similar characteristics.
A cell of a multicellular organism that is able to develop into any one of the many types of cells.
An organism composed of only one cell.
Two microscope slides, or a slide and a coverslip, with a drop of liquid and/or a specimen between them.
The first new cell of an offspring, created when the sperm and egg combine.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Structure & Function Vocabulary
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