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Lesson 7: The Nervous System (Structure & Function)
Vocabulary for Smithsonian STC-MS Structure & Function Unit
Terms in this set (20)
A long, cylindrical projection of a neuron that typically conducts electrical impulses away from the neuron's cell body.
The development of knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses.
Branched projection of a neuron that receives an impulse from other cells.
The ability to maintain a stable internal environment when faced with external changes.
A neuron found in the central nervous system that conveys messages between a motor neuron and a sensory neuron.
Stored information that can be later recalled.
A nerve cell that transmits impulses from the brain or spinal cord to a muscle or gland.
An individual who studies tha anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, or molecular biology of the nerves and nervous tissue.
A chemical substance released by a neuron into a synapse to trigger a nervous impulse in another neuron.
Specialized structures that are responsible for detection of odorants and the sense of smell.
Peripheral Nervous System
The part of the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord.
A structure or pigment that is sensitive to light.
The ability to be unconsciously aware of body position, movement, and balance using internal stimuli.
A reaction to a stimulus that does not require conscious thought.
A neural pathway that includes only a sensory neuron and motor neuron and does not require the central nervous system.
A nerve cell that transmits sensory information, such as sight, sound, and feeling.
An organ that contains nerve endings and responds to stimulation.
Stimulus (pl. stimuli)
An internal or external event that causes a response in a cell, tissue or organism.
The process in which connections between neurons are eliminated in order to increase efficiency of the nervous system.
To create something, usually through chemical means.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Structure & Function Vocabulary
Lesson 2: Cells (Structure & Function)
Lesson 3: Cell Organelles (Structure & Function)
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