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Politics of the United States
AP US Gov Module 1 Exam Study
Terms in this set (25)
John Locke used the claim that men are naturally free and equal as part of the justification for understanding legitimate political government as the result of a social contract where people in the state of nature conditionally transfer some of their rights to the government in order to better ensure the stable, comfortable enjoyment of their lives, liberty, and property. Since governments exist by the consent of the people in order to protect the rights of the people and promote the public good, governments that fail to do so can be resisted and replaced with new governments.
—Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
What conclusion about Locke's theory of government can be drawn from the passage?
People transfer some rights to government to protect their life and liberty.
What did James Madison write in Federalist No. 10 to counter the Anti-Federalists' argument that it would be difficult for factions to form and control the government in a confederal system?
Human nature leads to the creation of factions in government.
Which fundamental principle of American democracy is reflected in the image? (There is an image associated with this one and its titled "President Calls Congress April 2 to Act on Grave National Policy" and the president is signing a paper with his right hand with the words "Congress, the war-declaring body called to convene April #2" and in his left hand he is holding a paper that says "American Ships sunk without warnings. American Lives Lost")
Separation of powers
Which of the following principles best describes the governmental ideal indicated in the Preamble of the U.S. Constitution?
NationalSharedStateAcquire and govern U.S. territoriesBorrow moneyRegulate intrastate commerceAdmit new statesCharter banksEstablish local governmentsCoin and print moneyEstablish courtsEstablish public school systemsDeclare warLevy taxesEstablish marriage laws (This is supposed to be a table)
What core principle discussed in Federalist No. 10 is depicted in the chart?
Division of powers
Which of the following best describes the fears of the Anti-Federalists regarding adoption of the U.S. Constitution and the Federalist response to address that fear?
The Anti-Federalist fear of the lack of enumerated rights led to the creation of a Bill of Rights.
Population of U.S. in 1790 (approx.)Population of New Bedford (CT) in 1790Time to travel to New York (nation's capital in 1790) from ConnecticutTime to walk to center of New Bedford from city limits3,900,0003,0001 week1−2 hours (Supposed to be a table)
Based on the above table, what might be a reason for the Anti-Federalists to oppose the Constitution?
Representatives should have their offices close to the people.
Which of the following demonstrated key challenges posed in the corresponding document?
Representation in the national legislature—Articles of Confederation
(Table titled "Accumulated Gross Federal Debt U.S. from FY 1792 to FY 1810 and the percentage of GDP is declining from about 34% to 8% over the years, 1792 to 1810)
Source: Compiled by Christopher Chantrill
Which statement about the central government under the Articles of Confederation accurately explains the graph data?
It lacked the power to collect taxes, leaving the first Congress under the Constitution with a great deal of unpaid debt until it could pass its first revenue legislation.
In every State, a certain proportion of inhabitants are deprived of [the right to vote] by the constitution of the State, who will be included in the census by which the federal Constitution apportions the representatives. In this point of view the Southern States might retort the complaint, by insisting that the principle laid down by the convention required that no regard should be had to the policy of particular States towards their own inhabitants; and consequently, that the slaves, as inhabitants, should have been admitted into the census according to their full number, in like manner with other inhabitants, who, by the policy of other States, are not admitted to all the rights of citizens. A rigorous adherence, however, to this principle, is waived by those who would be gainers by it. All that they ask is that equal moderation be shown on the other side. Let the case of the slaves be considered, as it is in truth, a peculiar one.
—James Madison, from Federalist Paper No. 54
What does the compromise argued by Madison suggest about the standards of the debate in the Constitutional Convention era?
People of the time did not feel addressing slavery itself would lead to achievable solutions.
Which of the following issues did the Bill of Rights leave unanswered?
Whether the federal government can define religion
How did the Great Compromise affect the structure of the federal government?
It created a bicameral legislature.
There are no unfunded federal education 'mandates'. Every federal education law is conditioned on a state or other grantee's decision to accept federal program funds. Federal education program 'requirements' are not unfunded mandates because the conditions in federal law apply only when a state (or other grantee) voluntarily chooses to accept federal funds. Any state that does not want to abide by a federal program's requirements can simply choose not to accept the federal funds associated with that program.
—From the U.S. Department of Education webpage
Which constitutional amendment allows the states the right to decide if they will follow the mandates referenced in the excerpt?
The FBI forces an internet provider to give the agency personal information and browsing history for one of the internet provider's customers without a warrant because the individual is suspected of terrorist activities. Which option grants the federal government the power to obtain this information without a warrant?
USA PATRIOT Act
Which of the following is an accurate comparison of separation of powers between the executive and legislative branches? (4 points)
Executive and then Legislative
(A)The President calls out the National Guard. The Senate passes a bill for school safety.
(B)The President negotiates a treaty with Canada. Congress holds investigative hearings on actions of the State Department.
(C)The President vetoes a proposed federal budget. Congress votes to increase the number of federal court judges.
(D)The Department of Energy issues new regulations on nuclear power plants. The Senate refuses to approve a new treaty with France.
Which statement explains the purpose of checks and balances as cited in the Federalist Papers?
Federalist No. 51 indicates that, if all the power is centered in the hands of one branch, it can be tyrannical.
Which statement describes the element of checks and balances shown here?
The president has the power to veto a bill.
An investigative committee hearing determines impeachment charges should be brought against the president, but after the impeachment process is complete, the president is not removed from office. What makes it so difficult to remove the president from office?
Qualified majorities need to be obtained in order to be convicted of impeachment.
Which of the following illustrates power sharing between the federal and state governments?
The federal government sets the age to buy cigarettes at 18, and a state raises that to 19.
The table below shows the number of tie-breaking votes each vice president cast in the U.S. Senate under Article I, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution from 1977 to 2017.
(Supposed to be a table)
Vice PresidentTie Breaking VotesJoseph Biden, Jr. (2009− 2017)0Richard B. Cheney (2001−2009)8Albert Gore, Jr. (1993−2001)4Dan Quayle (1989−1993)0George Bush (1981−1989)7Walter Mondale (1977−1981)1Total number of tie-breaking votes:26
Source: "Occasions When Vice Presidents Have Voted to Break Tie Votes in the Senate PDF," Tie Votes, Statistics and Lists, United States Senate
Which of the following distribution of powers is reflected in the table?
(Map is titled: County-by-County Voting in Virginia Regarding the Ratification of the constitution, 1788 and it shows about 1/3 of Virginias county's voting for the federal vote, another 1/3 voting for the Antifederal vote, and the last 1/3 being evenly divided in voting for the federal or antifederal)
This map illustrates what aspect of public opinion between state and federal governments?
There is tension about the proper balance of power between the state and federal governments.
What type of federalism does California favor, as evidenced by the state's legalization of the sale of recreational marijuana in 2017 though it was still illegal under federal law?
The federal government regulates wheat production in order to maintain interstate trade.
Which constitutional clause supports the federal government's action in this scenario?
A same-sex couple is denied the right to marry by the state they reside in. The couple sues the state, and the case goes to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court rules in favor of the couple.
Which constitutional amendment supports the court's decision?
Which of the following problems regarding the ratification process for a constitutional amendment endures today?
Ratification requires an extensive process including support from two-thirds of both houses of Congress and three-fourths of the states or state ratifying conventions.
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