To Kill a Mockingbird

Terms in this set (34)

Atticus Finch is Scout and Jem's father. Raised in Finch's Landing, born in Maycomb County. He is a lawyer, is strict, dry, fair and a right person. Jem and Scout call him "Atticus".
"Atticus Finch, went to Montgomery to read law"
he is the senator.
"Jem and I found our father satisfactory: he played with us,
read to us, and treated us with courteous detachment."
He is wise, intelligent, knows what is right and wrong, is a rational person, believes that what makes people good are their actions. He defends his position on something. Defends a black man knowns as Tom Robinson, he believes he won't win the case but still he says he would fight for it and try very hard to defend him. He also doesn't mind about his last name. Atticus treats his children as adults. Even though Atticus tried very hard to win the case, he didn't win, but he gained the respect of every black person in Maycomb Town. They showed their respect to Atticus by giving him plethora of food, Atticus couldn't believe how good these people were with him, he had a moment and said that times were too hard to giving him plenty of food. Atticus had show respect, equality and admiration for black people. Atticus still shows us he is a right person that doesn't need to fist fight to prove something, Bob Ewell spit him in the face, Atticus didn't do anything, he said that now Bob Ewell is relieve for all the anger he had for Atticus. Bob Ewell still though it wasn't enough, he attacked Atticus children. After Bob Ewell's death, Atticus though Jem had killed Mr. Ewell, but Heck Tate told Atticus that Mr. Ewell stabbed himself with his own knife. Atticus shows us he is a fair and honest person.
5 years old, little white girl, narrator of the story. Doesn't have a mother. Her father is Atticus Finch. She is fisty and agressive. Knows how to read and write, is intelligent and likes Dill.
"Catching Walter Cunningham in the schoolyard gave me some pleasure, but when I was rubbing his nose in the dirt Jem came by and told me to stop. "You're bigger'n he is," he said."
"she discovered that I was literate and looked at me with more than faint distaste."
Scout has mature, she is know 9 years old. She doesn't agree to dress like a "lady" just as her Aun Alexandra tell her to. She know understand others point, and teachs us how to out ourselves in others shoes. An example of this is when Atticus was waiting in front of Maycomb's jail, and then a crowd of men arrive and told him to move so they could enter to the jail and lynch Tom Robinson, after he denied, Scout ran to him scared of what those men could do to him, then she saw Mr. Cunningham and told him to say "hey" to his son, she brought him and the other men to life, made them an invidual person by her childish innocence. Still, she is a very innocent girl that only tries to protect Atticus at every moment. After her school show of costums she was returning home with Jem, she though that Cecil Jacobs was followed them but it was really Bob Ewell. He attacked her and tried to stab her but her jam costum didn't allow the knife from passing the jam costum to her skin. Scout then realize that the one that saved her and Jem was Boo Radley. He was in her own house, she recognize him immediately, she acomppanied him to his house.
9 years old, white boy, Scout's brother. He is challenged and strong. Sexist.
"I was not so sure, but Jem told me I was being a girl, that girls always imagined things, that's why other people hated them so, and if I started behaving like one I could just go off and find some to play with." Jem is twelve years old and he thinks he is mature enough to command and be in charge of Scout. He reads the newspaper and don't play with Scout like he used to. He also break the "kid code" which is to don't tell the secrets, he told Atticus that Dill scape from home and was hiding in Scout and Jem's room.He acts as a grown up and thinks he have the enough experience and intelligence to give advices to Scout.
Jem is still in a caterpillar before the trial, he was convince that his father will win the case because he knew Atticus and Tom Robinson were truthful and fair. Atticus didn't win the case and Jem couldn't believe it because how it was possible that after the arguments that his dad said they lost? And is because he just didn't have seen the real life before, he didn't knew the real evil in the world. After he went out of that little good catterpillar, he cried and cried don't believing how Tom Robinson could have lost the case. One chest hair grew from Jem, this shows us he is not only growing up mentally but physically. Jem acomppanied Scout for her school show, then when they are returning home he listened weird noises, next Bob Ewell was attacking him. Jem broke his arm. He tried to deffend, and fought. But Boo Radley saved him from it.
When he was thirteen his parents locked him up in the house, later on, in the besament. He used to be a rebel. People say he stabbed his father in his leg with scissors. He was in the wrong road when he was thirteen, he was a gangsters. Every kid in Maycomb town thinks he eats cats and squirrels.
"When the younger Radley boy was in his teens he became acquainted with some of the Cunninghams from Old Sarum, an enormous and confusing tribe domiciled in the northern part of the county, and they formed the nearest thing to a gang ever seen in Maycomb."
"One night, in an excessive spurt of high spirits, the boys backed around the squarein a borrowed flivver, resisted arrest by Maycomb's ancient beadle, Mr. Conner, and locked him in the courthouse outhouse. The town decided something had to
be done; Mr. Conner said he knew who each and every one of them was, and he was bound and determined they wouldn't get away with it."
"The doors of the Radley house were closed on
weekdays as well as Sundays, and Mr. Radley's boy was not seen again for fifteen years." "Jem gave a reasonable description of Boo: Boo was about six-and-a-half feet tall, judging from his tracks; he dined on raw squirrels and any cats he could catch, that's why his hands were bloodstained—if you ate an animal raw, you could never wash the blood off. There was a long jagged scar that ran across his face; what teeth he had were yellow and rotten; his eyes popped, and he drooled most
of the time." Arthur Radley (Boo) saved Jem and Scout from Mr. Ewell killing them. Arthur killed Mr. Ewell for trying to hurt Jem and Scout. Scout didn't knew he had saved her, but when she saw him in her house, she immediately recognize him even though she had never really seen him. He shows us that he is a very shy and quiet person. Scout finally scort him to his own house, she said that being in the Radley's porch was enough for her to really understand Arthur Radley.
Wear other's shoes.
In to kill a mockingbird we can see that Miss Caroline don't understand Burris Ewell nor Walter Cunningham, they are so poor and she just tried to give them advices like "go bath" and "hey here, take some money to eat", she didn't know they wouldn't take that so good, but when the kids explain her she understood, they aren't normal kids, they aren't kids with a meal three times a day, when she understood this, she knew she couldn't treat them in a normal way.
Also, another example is Scout making Walter embarassing because of how he eats, when he put the syrup all over his plate of food, Scout don't understood why he was doing that, that wasn't suppose to have syrup, she also doesn't get Walter's happiness for eating just a "simple meal". For him, is not a simple meal, maybe could be his last meal for the couple of days, but when Calpurnia make her understand the fact that some people aren't just as privilege as them (Finch family) and that Scout should and need to understand this.
"Try hard for what you are defending even though you know it will be impossible." Atticus knew he will loose the Tom Robinson case, but he fought for him, he tried very hard trying to convince the public and especially judge Taylor that Tom was an inoccent man. He gave all of him in the trial and black people was greatful for it.
"The world is not pink." Jem, Scout and Dill hit themselves very hard after the trial, they finally knew what is really evil in the world. They now know that people are mean and unfair, and that prejudice and racism live among them.
Tom Robinson is a black person who Atticus Finch is defending. Tom Robinson is a good person but still the town is not agree with the fact of Atticus defending someone who is black,
"Do you defend *****s, Atticus?" I asked him that evening. "Of course I do. Don't say *****, Scout. That's common."
Tom Robinson is a religious person, and is a clean-living folk. Atticus affects him in a personal way the Robinson Case. In the trial, Tom Robinson told all the truth, he didn't rape Mayella Ewell, she tried to kiss him. And his physical conditions also couldn't have let him raping Mayella. He doesn't have the left arm, meaning that it was impossible for him beating up and raping Mayella. In the trial, Ewell's lawyer told him, "boy" and treated him very badly, white people didn't show him respect and fairness. "It occurred to me that in their own way, Tom Robinson's manners were as good as Atticus's. Until my father explained it to me later, I did not understand the subtlety of Tom's predicament: he would not have dared strike a white woman under any circumstances and expect to live long," (Harper Lee 197)
"Yes, suh. I felt right sorry for her, she seemed to try more'n the rest of 'em—" "You felt sorry for her, you felt sorry for he?" Mr. Gilmer seemed ready to rise to the ceiling." Tom Robinson did a big mistake saying that, the public was shock, a black man feeling sorry for a white girl? Impossible in white people's eyes. Everybody was furious when he said that. Tom Robinson lost the case, but he knows Atticus tried his hardest for winning the case.
"It occurred to me that in their own way, Tom Robinson's manners were as good as Atticus's. Until my father explained it to me later, I did not understand the subtlety of Tom's predicament: he would not have dared strike a white woman under any circumstances and expect to live long," (Harper Lee 197)
Tom Robinson is dead. He tried to scape from jail and he was shot seventeen times.
It is the day of the court case so Atticus is going to The Maycomb County courthouse. Everybody in Maycomb went to the court except Miss. Maudie, she said it is morbid. Jem, Scout and Dill followed Atticus although they weren't allow to. There were not enough sits for white people so they sit in the balcony with reverend Sykes and all the black people.Scout said the mood was festival. Judge Taylor was on the bench looking like a sleepy old shark. The witness stand was to the right of Judge Taylor and Mr. Heck Tate was already on his seat waiting.
First, Mr.Gilmer questions Heck Tate, who said Tom Robinson raped Mayella Ewell.
Second, Bob Ewell is called to the stand and said he saw Tom Robinson raping Mayella, his daughter, through the window. Atticus tricked Bob Ewell, Bob is left handed.
Third, Mayella Ewell is called to the stand, who said she asked Tom for a favor,suddenly he attacked her and jump over her and raped her. Then Tom Robinson stood up and everybody realized his left arm is completely useless. So how it was possible that Tom, with only one hand, could have been the one raping and beating up Mayella? Atticus asked if Bob Ewell was the one beating her up, she refused to answer.
Then, Tom Robinson was called to the stand, he said he often helped Mayella, but that the last occassion, she tried to kiss him and hug him, he tried to leave and Bob Ewell suddenly came and told Mayella "Goddam*, I'll kill ya" Tom leaved.
Finally, Mr. Gilmer questions Tom Robinson, told him "boy" (it is an offense for black people) and Tom said he felt sorry for Mayella. Every person in the trial was anger and disgust because a black person can't feel sorry for a white person. Then, Mr. Gilmed asked Tom why he ran if he was innocent, Tom said a black man has to run in every bad situation. After that, Dill started crying, he couldn't believe how unfair people were with Tom Robinson, he haven't seen the real racism and prejudice in his life, and he just doesn't get it.
Finally, Atticus closed with an incredible speech, and said that in a courthouse everyone is the same and told Judge Taylor to do "its duty".
At the end, Tom Robinson is declared guilty. But Atticus told him that there's still an opportunity in the next trial.
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