27 terms

Unit 4 a (TED)

Review part 1
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

opinion.
A focus group usually consists of groups of 5-7 people that are surveyed. The data collected from a focus
group should be considered:

A. factual.
B. opinion.
C. biased.
D. fair.
environmental conditions.
A new office building has been planned and will be built in sunny, Phoenix, AZ. The roof will have a three
foot overhang and the exterior walls will be constructed using twelve inch adobe brick. The design features
of this building have been established based on:

A. financial conditions.
B. environmental conditions.
C. enterprise conditions.
D. usage conditions.
Colors that match green
There are many scientific concepts that are used by engineers and designers. Which of the
following would NOT be one of these concepts?

A. Melting point of steel
B. Tensile strength of a wood beam
C. Mass of an aluminum bolt
D. Colors that match green
engineering design process.
A problem-solving process that is used to generate ideas, model, test, and communicate new products and
processes is called a:

A. engineering design process.
B. marketing design process.
C. assessing design process.
D. research design process.
Selecting the best solution
A group of students are developing ideas for a new video game console system. At which point in the design
process should they discuss regarding each design before making a prototype?

A. Selecting the best solution
B. Conducting a problem analysis
C. Brainstorming and research
D. Creating technical drawings.
Communicate the results
A technology club completed an entry for the video promotional competition, and is required to present it to
the judges to explain the process used to create it. Which design process step will the club complete?

A. Brainstorming
B. Make a prototype
C. Define the problem
D. Communicate the results
Each phase is addressed independently, one step at a time.
A linear (straight forward) approach to develop a product will predict which of the following outcomes?

A. Each phase is addressed independently, one step at a time.
B. The phases overlap and are addressed at the same time.
C. There is no organized process.
D. Each phase is optional wherein the sequence of the process changes each time.
What does the community need to know about the program?
High school students are developing a Technology Education website to educate the local community about
the school's Engineering Design program. Which question is most likely to be asked in the problem analysis
phase of the engineering design process?

A. Who will be viewing the web site?
B. How will the success of the web site be measured?
C. What does the community need to know about the program?
D. Are both sides of an issue included in the website?
iterative.
The engineering design process is a series of steps that are:

A. critical.
B. linear.
C. optional.
D. iterative.
Modify the prototype
While testing a prototype of a wheelchair lift, Tonya discovers a performance error before it swings the
wheelchair inside the door. What is her next step to solve the problem?

A. Communicate results
B. Choose another idea
C. Modify the prototype
D. Research materials used
define the problem.
When solving design problems it is important to clearly understand the problem. To accomplish this it is
important to:

A. solve the problem.
B. define the problem.
C. classify the problem.
D. select the problem.
the tools of technology and engineering.
The advancement of scientific knowledge is promoted by using:

A. the tools of technology and engineering.
B. mythology as a starting point for explaining the natural world.
C. traditions handed down from past generations.
D. aesthetics and its effect on the marketability of the product.
Optimization
The process used to make a design or system as effective or efficient as possible.

A. Optimization
B. Complex systems
C. Nuclear Energy
D. Divergent thinking
write an article for a "science" journal.
A design team finally developed a new product that will have significant impacts on the safety of space
travel. The best way for them to communicate their findings is to:

A. put an article in the newspaper.
B. produce a commercial on the radio.
C. write an article for a "science" journal.
D. purchase space on a billboard.
it is inappropriate to address some design problems
A wise designer should realize:

A. every problem has a technological solution.
B. all designs have multiple problems and solutions.
C. it does not matter who addresses the problem, as long as it is addressed.
D. it is inappropriate to address some design problems
original brainstorming list.
When making a design proposal it is critical to explain all of the following EXCEPT:

A. function of the product.
B. purpose of the product.
C. drawings of the final product.
D. original brainstorming list.
Randomly choose the best three ideas
Part of the design process is to select an approach to use when choosing a final product to produce. Which
approach is LEAST important to make a reliable decision?

A. Ask experts what they think
B. Randomly choose the best three ideas
C. Build prototypes of the final ideas
D. Run a test on the computer
Computer simulations
When refining a design, which method would yield information to improve the efficiency of the design?

A. Computer simulations
B. Working drawings
C. Design constraints
D. Consumer preference
Presenting the solution
What is the last step in the design process?

A. Developing a working prototype
B. Patenting the product
C. Reporting the progress of the project
D. Presenting the solution
Design problems
20.Which of the following must be clearly defined?

A. Design problems
B. Product test results
C. Product research
D. Product drawings
Researching similar products
Which activity occurs first in the design process?

A. Applying for a patent and marketing
B. Researching similar products
C. Building the prototype
D. Communicating test results
Competing
Designing a vehicle within its given budget, tthe design team eliminated several features based on the
original design. What is the relationship between criteria and constraints?

A. Enhancing
B. Competing
C. Eliminating
D. Complimenting
optimizing design trade-offs.
Many airplanes are constructed largely out of aluminum even though steel is a stronger material. This is an
example of:

A. choosing a more economical solution.
B. designing for recycling.
C. optimizing design trade-offs.
D. developing a simple manufacturing system.
tested.
Before a design solution can be refined, it should first be:

A. processed.
B. sketched.
C. marketed.
D. tested.
optimization
The process used to maximize the function, market appeal, and safety of a new technology is referred to as:

A. risk analysis
B. optimization
C. specifications
D. transfer
assess the current understanding of a problem.
The purpose of a case study when conducting problem-solving research is to:

A. select an appropriate solution to a problem.
B. document where and how others have made mistakes in solving a problem.
C. make sure the designer has not stolen other's solutions or ideas.
D. assess the current understanding of a problem.
constraint.
A speed boat is not permitted to go faster than 100 knots in a lake. Therefore, the company decides to
redesign the throttle so it can only go 95 knots. This would be an example of a:

A. constraint.
B. criteria.
C. trade-off.
D. design challenge.