China's most influential scholar. He led a scholarly life, studying an teaching history, music and moral character. Confucius believed that social order, harmony, and good government could be restored in China if society were organized around five basic relationships. These were the relationships between: (1) ruler and subject, (2) father and son, (3) husband and wife, (4) older brother and younger brother, and (5) friend and friend. These relationships were based upon the family, and he stressed that children should practice filial piety, pr respect for their parents and ancestors.