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Scripture- New Testament Ch. 1

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tacitus
A Roman historian who presented the facts accurately. He wrote about the good and the bad of imperial Rome in his Annals and Histories.
suetonius
Roman biographer, wrote about an incident that took place in Rome during the reign of Emperor Claudius
Pliny the Younger
a masterful an prolific letter writer in ancient Rome, legate to Bithynia from AD 111-113
Josephus
Jewish Historian, commanded the Jewish forces in Galilee during the first Jewish Revolt, wrote The Jewish Wars and a twenty-volume history of the Jews, the Jewish Antiquities- tried to prove to the Romans and to the Jew hating emperor Domitian that the Jews were a noble people, mentioned John the Baptist, account of the Palestinian rule of Pontius Pilate
St. Athanasius
prominent figure in fixing the New Testament canon at the present twenty-seven books
Jerome
translated the entire Bible into Latin-Vulgate-meaning "common", took place in 383-384 at the request of Pope Damasus who wanted the sacred scripture to be in Latin, the common language of the day, Vulgate became the Church's official translation of the Bible from the original languages
Testament
covenant
Septuagint
Latin word for 70, first translation of the Bible into Greek
Gentile
a person who is not Jewish
Hesed
Hebrew for the covenant with the Chosen People was a special kind of contract marked by loving kindness
Inspiration
refers to the Holy Spirit teaching truth through the Bible without destroying the free and personal activity of the human writer, how the holy spirit inspired writers
Gospel
good news, Jesus is the good news, preaching about Jesus is good news, four gospels
Evangelist
gospel writer, uniquely talented author whom the Holy Spirit inspired
Canon
the official list of inspired books of the Bible, Catholics list 46 OT and 27 NT
Koine
common
Epistle
formal letter
"catholic" epistles
The five New Testament epistles (James, I and II Peter, I John, and Jude) that were addressed to the universal church rather than to particular Christian communities, universal letters
oral tradition
stories passed down through generations by word of mouth
kerygma
preaching to unbelievers
didache
teaching
catechesis
oral instruction, sound down
liturgy
worship of the Christians, public worship
parousia
Christ's second coming
magisterium
the authority to teach religious doctrine
synoptic
taking the same point of view, seen together
Q
from the German Quelle, meaning source, collection of sayings of Jesus
M
Mathew's unique material
L
Luke's unique material
miracle story
one of the forms of narrative found in the gospels, healing, exorcism, nature, and raising from the dead
narrative
a spoken or written account of connected events, story in the bible
parable
a short allegorical story designed to illustrate or teach some truth, religious principle, or moral lesson, a vivid story to convey a religious truth
vulgate
the Latin version of the Bible, prepared chiefly by Saint Jerome at the end of the 4th century a.d., and used as the authorized version of the Roman Catholic Church, means "common"
allegory
a representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms; figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another, more symbolic sayings
Hyperbole
an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally, as "to wait an eternity"
Number of books in the Old Testament
46
Number of books in the New Testament
27
Gospel of Thomas
example to show a gospel not included, how to be a gospel- wide spread acceptance, conformity to the rule of faith, apostolic origin
formation of the Gospels
The life, mission and resurrection of Jesus, The post-resurrection teaching of the apostles, The actual writing of the gospels by the evangelists.
Historical-Literary method
to discover the biblical author's intended meaning, used to analyze the bible not criticize
source criticism
tries to determine what source or sources the gospel and other New Testament writers used to compose their works, the synoptic gospels, Mark, Mathew- contains 80% of Mark, Luke- contains 50% of Mark, Q
Historical Criticism
discovers the literal sense- what did the evangelist really want to say, what is reported about Jesus- can it be traced back to him, linguistic analysis- language, originality-"criterion of dissimilarity", convergence- Mathew and Luke birth of Jesus- come together, consistency- if they are consistent in the gospel it is real
Form Criticism
helps us read the gospels intelligently, helps us understand what kind of writing we are dealing with, genre, type of writing
Redaction Criticism
to edit, original authors and editors, evangelists as editors, tries to discover the particular theological slant or insight of the given writer and how this influenced his arrangement of the material, wrote for an audience, each had a theological theme
Audience of each
Mathew- Jewish-Christians, Mark- local church that experienced great suffering, Luke-Gentile-Christians, John- various churches around the Roman empire
Textual Criticism
minor changes and mistakes the copiers made
722 BC
Assyrian exile
587 BC
fall of the Temple
587-533 BC
Babylonian Exile