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Sociology - Test 1 (Ch. 1,3,4)
Terms in this set (111)
A quilt maker may work years sewing a one-of-a-kind object and then give it to a special person in their life. Weber would say the quilt maker's actions were driven by
The workers have nothing to lose but their chains; they have a whole world to gain. Workers of all countries unite." These famous lines were expressed by
One might equate instrumental-rational action with
Which one of the following theorists would focus on how forces of globalization affect social ties that bind people to each other and society?
coined the phrase the "strange meaning of being black"
The __________ refers to a time of the most rapid colonial expansion in history.
Age of Imperialism
Which one of the following sociologists is credited with co-founding Hull House?
_____ is the sociologist who focused on the factors that strengthen, weaken, or otherwise shape the character of social ties.
W.E.B. Dubois traced the origin of _________ to the scramble for Africa's resources, beginning with the slave trade.
the color line
Unemployment is a(n) __________ when it results from corporate downsizing.
The resolution of an issue involves,
confronting underlying social ties
From a sociological point of view, a ______ is the day-to-day activities from birth to death that make up a person's life.
Relative to an open market setting (such as farmer's market), the division of labor that underpins the supermarket cultivates _____ ties with those who produce the food we buy.
Which one of the following theorists would be most concerned with the rise of smart machines capable of working 24/7 and replacing human labor?
DuBois wrote that the world was able "to endure this horrible tragedy by deliberately stopping its ears and changing the subject in conversation." The tragedy was
the scramble for Africa's resources, including the slave trade.
The early sociologists were witnesses to the transforming effects of the
Jane Addams maintained that Hull House
was the equivalent of an applied university.
In his writings, Karl Marx expressed profound moral outrage over the plight of the
Emile Durkheim focused on the question of how industrialization affected solidarity or
the system of social ties that connect people to one another and the larger society.
the scientific study of human activity in society or social forces that influence or pressure people to behave or respond or think in certain ways
testing or proving info from theories
info that is collected from human or animal senses
2 things that influence people to behave
parents and social norms
the ever-increasing flow of goods, services, money, people, technology, info, and other cultural items across national borders
buying more than selling
process in which a society embraces or resists a product
a person's mind creating/imagining how remote social forces impact/shape their life
often a personal problem brought on by an individual's short comings such as lack of: motivation, ability, judgement, deficiency in character
a problem that can only be explained by factor outside an individual's control or immediate environment
process of replacing human and animal muscle as a source of power and enables people to produce more goods father and cheaper
-coined the term "sociology"
-came up with the idea of positivism
a theory that says valid knowledge about the world can only be obtained through human senses
-discovered that conflict drives social change among people; those who are in power often oppress those who are not
the profit-driven owners of the means of production
those individuals who must sell their labor to the bourgeoisie
-discovered that society is structured the way it is with all these institutions we have, so it will function most effectively and efficiently
-studied suicides in France
explains social interaction among people through solidarity
4 types of suicide
egoistic, altruistic, anomic, fatalistic
the weakening of ties among people in society
someone sacrifices life the good of the whole
there are drastic social changes that people take their lives
ties of people to groups are so oppressed and things look like they won't get better, so they take their lives
-discovered that forces among people that motivated him to act
-came up with the idea of "protestant work ethic"
"protestant work ethic"
you reap what you sow
-founded the NAACP
-wrote about the barriers between whites and blacks
-came up with the idea of "double consciousness"
always looking at oneself through the eyes of others and being seen as black and an American citizen
-founded the Hull House for the poor in Chicago to help house them and understand what it was like to be them
Is globalization experienced in every day life? If so, why?
social media, texting, food (oreos, pizza)
Why did it take the Industrial Revolution for sociology to emerge?
jobs, economics, families, government regulating industries, political roles changed
How can you benefit from studying sociology?
-theories, cultures, predict future behaviors
-some symbols could be positive in one culture, but be negative in another
If the Industrial Revolution was the beginning of sociology, how has cell phones and technology affected the traditional view of sociology?
-save money through email instead of using minutes
-enhance relationship because of ability to communicate globally
-transmit info and documents faster
-weakens face-to-face ties among people
If Emile Durkheim were alive, how would he describe social ties prevalent in college life affected by globalization?
-you can look up info on smart phones and help gather info to help each other
In context of Korean bathhouses, Korean women do not define a towel as something to be used to cover their bodies because they are influenced by
The value placed on the ____________ underlies the Korean use of "our" versus "my".
When North Korean soldiers on the DMZ look through windows of a building where South Korean diplomats are meeting with U.S. diplomats, the exchange qualifies as
a transnational encounter
Which one of the following descriptions best applies to North Korea?
Because it is impossible to describe a culture or way of life that everyone in a society shares in all its aspects, sociologists look to _________________ as what hold people together as a culture.
Reverse ethnocentrism is best reflected in which of the following statements?
America—Love it or leave it!
We have to become more like the Koreans.
Korea is the next Japan.
We have to become more like the Koreans
The number of members (e.g. nine) and the choreography of Girls' Generation and other K-pop groups reflect the value Korean's place on
When they observe Girls' Generation and other K-pop groups, sociologists note the value Korean's place on the group because
there is no lead singer
Kyeong Kang experienced _______________ when he moved from Korea to Georgia at age 14. He didn't know English and he had to adjust to what seemed like a lack of respect for elders.
Our everyday use of the word "culture" suggests that we use the term in ways that emphasize
For the U.S. the universally high value placed on ____________ can qualify as a cultural anchor.
Reentry shock is
experienced upon returning home after living in another culture.
When people learn a new language they must learn meanings attached to the multitude of sounds that make up a language. In this sense language is a _________________ system.
The Korean song Gangnam Style broke the all time You-Tube record for number of hits. The song was a global sensation. The song is an example of
According to sociologist Everett Hughes, "One can think so exclusively in terms of his or her own social world that he or she has no set of concepts for comparing one social world to the next." Hughes is describing
a kind of ethnocentrism
internal bodily sensations that we experience in relationships with other people.
the social norm and way of life of people
often created within a culture; a group of people who share and perpetuate and may even create their own culture within a culture
things that can be touched
includes a person's beliefs, values, and their norms
something commonly accepted in a culture (social norm)
a norm that is essential to the well being of a group
often goes against the general norms and values of society
a group of people that often have their own norms that differ from the norms from the surrounding culture.
the strain people experience moving from one culture to another
looking glass self
people often reflect on themselves that others say about them
introduce something that is accepted and becomes the norm
often presented in a culture that is sold and eventually fades out
starts out as a fad and becomes a norm overtime (piercings, tattoos)
The prescription drug addict who seeks out treatment to change destructive behavior is undergoing __________ resocialization.
As Israeli children practice how to respond when Palestinians launch rockets into their communities, they also learn that they are Israelis. This experience is an example of the ________________ component of socialization.
The "us versus them" dynamics that characterize ingroup-outgroup dynamics become especially evident when the two groups
compete for some valued outcomes (e.g. land, victory).
Sociologists Amith Ben-David and Yoah Lavee's study in which they describe how Israeli family members interacted with one another during the SCUD missile attack shows that the family
can serve to buffer its members against the effects of negative circumstances or can exacerbate those effects.
Almost every Israeli can claim membership in which one of the following primary groups?
a military unit
Displaced Palestinians pass on memories of their homeland by showing their children keys and deeds to the houses in which they once lived. This sharing preserves and passes on
In Israel and the Palestinian Territories, Sesame Street airs as Sesame Stories because
he idea that a neutral street exists where Palestinians and Jews might gather together is not a possibility.
The _______________ is the part of the self that acts in unexpected ways.
The cases of Anna and Isabelle were used to illustrate
the importance of social contact for normal development.
During the game stage, children take on the role of the
Jews from 102 different countries, speaking 80 different languages have settled in Israel since its founding in 1948. This information suggests that Israeli Jews qualify as an _________________ group.
Which one of the following significant symbols is carried by girls in traditional dress during ceremonies commemorating Nakba Day or "Day of Catastrophe"?
keys to homes Palestinians once lived
A six-year-old believes that dark clouds in the sky are angry. That child is in the __________ stage.
In the first months of life babies are able to babble the sounds needed to speak all languages. This ability corresponds
It is easier to resocialize a person if the resocialization experience
leads to a sense of self-worth and accomplishment.
Erikson's life-stage model is most useful for capturing
broad socialization challenges associated with aging.
Tiffany's parents introduced her to soccer as soon as she was able to walk. This strategy corresponds to
depends on meaningful interactions with other people and allows people to develop social identities
assumes a position of superior authority
any group of people that is not in the specific in-group
the experience shared and recalled by a significant number of people
Qualities that characterize Socialization
-requires the use of memory
-people learning to empathize
-values role modeling
evaluating someone/something through values, morals, and beliefs
studying personal interaction from a biography and see how that info ties with history
often refers to the needs of an individual
something physical that a person gives meaning to
create new activity for new order
forced to obey social norms and rules
traits and characteristics that are inherited
environment that inhibits you
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