How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

137 terms

Smith History Final Review

STUDY
PLAY
first ruler of mali
sundiata
second ruler of mali
mansa musa
charlemagne
restored glory to Rome
fief
land
vassal
anyone who accepted a fief
feudal system
exchanging land
castles
made to defend the land
serfs
peasants; legally tied
william the conqueror
won at battle of hastings against king Harold
magna carta
restricted kings power
piety
a person's level of devotion to his or her religion
crusades
war to take holy lands away from Muslims
political effect of crusades
kings had more power
religion effect of crusades
greek and latin church split forever
economical gain of crusade
more trade in east
who called the council of cleremont
commenus
who called for the crusades (person)
commenus
key players in the first crusade
pope urban, knights, peasants
saladin
muslim leader during 3rd crusade
Richard the lion hearted
christian leader in 3rd crusade
social effect of crusades
less tolerance for other religions
effect of bubonic plague
anti clericalism
romulus and remus
first romans
first dictator of Rome
Caesar
republic
elected officials governed the state
patricians
aristocratic families
plebeians
common people
magistrates
consuls
senate
a body of 300 members who advised elected officials
location of first punic war
rome and carthage
hannibal
leader of carthage
location of second punic war
italy
what happened the third punic war
destroy Carthage
Gracchi
brothers who advocate reforms to aid the plebeians but are killed by patricians
killers of Gracchi
senate
first triumvirate consists of
caesar, pompey, crassus
second triumvirate consists of
octavian (augustus), marc antony, lepidus
pax romana
roman peace under Augustus reign
gladiators
warriors that fought in the Hippodrome
paterfamilias
the head of the house
caligula
invaded Gaul
trajan
one of best 5 emperors after caesar, born out of italy
nero
good emperor at first, killed himself
mercenaries
hired soldiers from other places
diocletian
divided roman empire into 2
atilla the hun
leader of the huns
who wanted to restore rome after split?
justinian
theodora
justinian's wife
Hagia Sophia
famous mosque
Nika Rebellion
rebellion when Justinian wanted to leave but Theodora wouldn't let him
blues
higher class
greens
lower class
east west schism
splitting of the church
east church was
orthodox
west church
roman catholic
justinian code
a new uniform code of laws
draco
first major ruler of Greece
pericles
greatest ruler of athens
effect of pericles
strengthened democracy
delian league
group of city states who all agree to work together in an event of an attack; mainland league
affect of persian war for persia
lost prestige and strength
affect of persian war for athens
most powerful
socrates
great philosopher who questioned everything
plato
interested in govt, student of socrates
aristotle
made people question authority
Alexander the Great
invaded Egypt and Persia, ruler
Homer
famous poet or author
what 2 books were written by Homer?
Illiad and Odyssey
Helenistic
blending of Greek culture
Peloponessian Wars
fought between Sparta and Athens
Peloponessian League
formed for protection and security of Spartans
Trojan war
fought between Mycenaens and troy
birthplace of democracy
Athens
where were women and men equal?
sparta
neolithic
new stone age
paleolithic
old stone age
domestication
the taming of animals and put the to human use
agricultural revolution
the development of crop and animal raising as a food source among human communities to supplement hunting and gathering
catal huyuk
neolithic village located in Turkey
characteristics of a civilization
advanced cities, specialized workers, complex institutions, record keeping, advanced technology, social classes
cultural diffusion
the spreading of culture from one society to another
fertile crescent
a region of farmland that curves from the Med Sea to the Persian Gulf
Location of Mesopotamia
Between Tigris and Euphrates
dynasty
a family of rulers whose right is to rule is hereditay
ziggurat
sumerian temple made of sun dried brick
polytheism
belief in more than one god
cuneiform
sumerian writing
Hammurabi
king of Babylon,
what is Hammurabi most famous for?
code of Laws
monotheism
belief in one god
Persian Empire
one of the largest and best governed empires in the ancient world
Zoroaster
founder of Zoroastrianism
Menes
ruler of Upper Egypt, founded Memphis
Pharaoh
ruler of Egypt
Theocracy
government based religion
Hatshepsut
a female ruler who was big on trade
Ramses II
built a bunch of buildings to himself, reigned egypt for 65 years
bureaucracy
organized government with a ruer and several lower rulers
Nile
main river in Egypt
Mummifications
process of making mummies
hieroglyphics
egyptian writing
Rosetta Stone
used to decipher hieroglyphics
Egyptian Social Structure
socially stratified
Nubia
civilization in the Steppes
Hinduism
follow Brahman
Hinduisms ultimate goal
Maksha
Buddhism
live without luxuries
Dynastic cycle
the pattern of decline, rise, and replacement of dynasties
mandate of heaven
ruler had divine approval
Confucianism
philosophy of Confucius, focus on family and ancestors,
Daoism
Founder: Laozi, focused on nature; yin and yang
Qin Dynasty
first unified Chinese Empire
who made the great wall of China
Qin Dynasty
who was the ruler of Qin Dynasty
shi huangdi
Han Dynasty
dynasty after Qin
who was the ruler of Han
Liu Bang
Filial Piety
obedience and devotion to parents and grandparents
silk roads
trade routes
Ashoka
ruler of India who spread Buddhism
Genghis Khan
A Mongolian general and emperor of the late twelfth and early thirteenth centuries, known for his military leadership and great cruelty. He conquered vast portions of northern China and southwestern Asia.
Pax Mongolia
Also known as the mongol peace. A time when global trade expanded due to the political stability provided by mongol rulers.
Muhammad
Abd Allah, raised by Uncle
wife of Muhammad
Khadija
Qu'ran
scriptures
name 5 pillars of islam
profession of faith, 5 daily prayers, alms, fasting, hajj
jihad
struggle for faith
Hijrah
Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina
Mecca
muslim holy place
caliph
successor
Umayyads
first Muslim dynasty
Sunni
a follower of the majority branch of Islam, which feels that successors to Muhammad are to be chosen by the Muslim community
Shiites
Muslims that believe that only direct descendants of Muhammad should become caliph
Caliphate
the office of a caliph
Abbasids
the dynasty after the Ummayads
Abu Bakr
good candidate to be Muhammad's successor
Legion
part of the military/army
twelve tables
most important set of laws in Rome