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41 terms

Biology Final

STUDY
PLAY
gall bladder
produces bile which the liver uses
kidney
filters the blood, maintains blood pressure, and removes waste
playtyhelminthes
tapeworms/flatworms
annelida
segmented worms, earthworms
nematoda
roundworms
arthropoda
insects, crustaceans
chrodata
mammals, fish and amphibians
cnidarian
jellyfish, corals and hydras
echinodermata
starfish, sand dollars, urchins
ventricles
pumps blood away from the heart
atrium
pumps blood into the heart
arteries
carries oxygen rich blood away from the heart
liver
breaks down, detoxifies blood, makes amino acids, keeps blood glucose level stable
pancreas
produces insulin and other hormones
veins
carries oxygen poor blood to the heart
spleen
acts as a blood reservoir
small intestine
responsible for most of the food digestion
large intestine
excretes waste to the rectum, maintains the body's water balances
tube feet
organ of locomotion for the starfish
Pyloric Cecum
radiated duct of the digestive tract producing digestive enzymes and also allowing food to be stored
gonad
glands located in the arms of the starfish that produces gametes
rectal cecum
lateral duct or the terminal part of the digestive tract, where waste is stored before being expelled through the anus
gonopore
dorsal opening through which gametes are expelled into the water to be fertilized
radial canal
canal running the length of the arm; it receives water from the annular canal, which is passed into the tube feet
ring canal
circular canal in which is filtered water
madreporite
structures that allows the starfish to take in water from outside the body
lungs
used for respiration
heart
pumps blood through the body
mollusk
phylum of soft bodied animals such as octopuses and squid
digestive system
converts food into simpler molecules, absorbs food
circulatory system
brings oxygen, nutrients and hormones to cells; fights infection, and helps regulate body temperature
muscular system
produces voluntary movement
integumentary system
creates a barrier against infection and injury, regulates body temperature and protects us from UV rays
nervous system
allows the body to react to changes in its internal and external environments
reproductive system
produces gametes, nurtures and protects developing embryo
endocrine system
controls growth, development and metabolism
excretory system
eliminates waste products to maintain homeostasis
lymphatic system
protects the body from disease, collects fluid lost by blood vessels and returns it to the circulatory system
respiratory system
provides oxygen for cellular respiration and removes carbon dioxide
skeletal system
supports the body, protects organs, stores minerals and provides a site for blood formation
appendix
storage site for solid waste at the end of the large intestine