99 terms

Chapter 15 History

In 1863 speech given by Abraham Lincoln in which he praised the bravery of the Union soldiers and renewed his commitment to winning the Civil War
The Gettysburg address
The constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment
1861 the first major battle of the Civil War resulting in a Confederate victory showed that the Civil War would not be easily won
First Battle of Bull Run
1864. Battle between the Union and Confederate forces in northern and central Virginia that delayed the union capture of Richmond Virginia
Wilderness campaign
A type of war in which an army destroys it opponents ability to fight by targeting civilian and economic as well as military resources
Total war
killed men-hunt economy
A group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War
Northern For Slavery
1862 a civil war battle in Tennessee in which the Union army gained greater control over the Mississippi River Valley
Battle of Shiloh
1863 Union Civil War victory that turned the tide against the Confederate at Gettysburg Pennsylvania
Battle of Gettysburg
Delaware Kentucky Maryland and Missouri; slave states that lay between the North and South and did not join the Confederacy during the Civil War
Border states
1862 an order issued by Pres. Abraham Lincoln freeing the slaves in areas rebelling against the union; took effect January 1, 1863.
Emancipation Proclamation
An escaped slave who joined the Union Army during the Civil War
Virginia town where Gen. Robert E Lee was forced to surrender, ending the Civil War.
Appomattoxc Courthouse
A federal outpost in Charleston South Carolina that was attacked by the Confederates in April 1861 Sparky the Civil War.
Fort Sumter-being claimed by the north and south-south confederate shoot the first gun
1862 a Union victory in the Civil War that marked the bloodiest single battle day in US military history
Battle of Antietam
1863 the Union army six week blockade of Vicksburg that led the city to the surrender during the Civil War
Siege of Vicksburg
A warship that is heavily armored with Iron.
Chapter 15 STUDY GUIDE
Section 1-Civil War broke out between North and South in1861
1. What was Pres. Lincoln main goal when he took office in 1861?
Lincoln's main goal when he took office in 1861 was to refuse secession, stop the spread Of slavery not to end slavery where it existed. Save the union-7 states had seceded-left the usa
2. How did the south respond to Lincoln's inaugural address?
The Sout hated Lincolns Inaugural address and draft because they wanted slavery and they didn't want him to stop it. seven southern states broke from the union in succession. Confederates attack Fort Sumter and started the Civil War
3. What event marked the beginning of the Civil War? What occurred during this event?
1861-Firing at Fort Sumner marked the beginning of the Civil War because federal troops were attacked by Confederate troops. Confederate circled Charlestown harbor with heavy guns fort Sumter surrendered to the Confederate South. Lincoln refused to surrender and send troops to defend the poor than are stolen to the they said no so the Confederates opened fire
4. identify the four border states and explain why they were unique from the other states on "their side"?
Delaware Kentucky Maryland and Missouri they are unique because they are slaves they did not join the Confederacy. people were divided on the war in those states.
5. What was union general Winford Scott strategy for winning the Civil War?
Winfield Scott strategy for winning the silver war was 1. destroy economy with a naval blockade of ports 2. gain control of the Mississippi River to divide the south
What states seceded
Texas Arkansas Louisiana Mississippi Tennessee Alabama Georgia Lorna South North Carolina and Virginia
6. What was the significance of the first battle of bull run?
In the first battle of bull run the South won. it was a Confederate victory, it was a surprise because they thought the war would now be longer than they thought
7. Why did the union find it difficult to maintain the blockade it set up to control southern ports?
The union found it hard to maintain blockade of ports because they had to patrol many miles of coastline. from Virginia to Texas. the South used small ships to out run Union warships and go to the, Bahamas for supplies
8. Before the battle of Antietam what did General Lee hope to do when he issued his Proclamation to the people of Maryland?
In the proclamation to the people of Maryland, Lee hoped he would get more troops and get Maryland to abandoned secede the union and join the Confederates
9. What feature made the new warships developed by the South dangerous to the Union Navy?
Ironclad- ships were protected by iron over the entire ship
Section 3
Fighting the Civil War spread to the Western United States
10. What was the goal/ campaign of the Union army in the West
The Union Army wanted to take control of the Mississippi River
11. Why was Ulysses S Grant qualified to lead an army?
Grant was qualified to lead an army because he was the general army and had led battles in war Army and he was bold and restless
12. What was the significance of The siege of Vicksberg?
Confederate surrender at the siege of Vicksberg where Grant cut off all supplies of food. Grant said the fate of the Confederacy was sealed when Vicksburg fell and the North won.
Section 4
The lives of many Americans were affected by the Civil War
13. What did Pres. Lincoln's emancipation proclamation call for?
Freeing of the slaves
14. What principle from the Declaration of Independence did Lincoln base Emancipation Proclamation on?
From the Declaration of Independence all men are created equal
15. What was the name of the African American unit in the Civil War that played a key role in the attack on South Carolina's for Wagner?
54th Massachusetts infantry
16. In what way the African-American soldiers in the war face more difficulties than white soldiers?
17. In 1864- How did Lincoln propose rewarding African-Americans soldiers who had served for the Union Army?
Lincoln were the blacks who served in the unit by giving them rights and also voting rights
18. Why the group of Northern Democrats known as the Copperhead oppose the draft?
Copperheads oppose the draft because they were against the war and opposed to abolition
19. How did life change for civilians in both the North and South during the Civil War?
Mary hard times the loss of lives high cost of the war
20. What were the roles of women during the Civil War?
When the award-winning nurses stay home with their children and lead the households and some would serve in the war
Section 5
Union victories in 1863, 64, and 65 brought the civil war to an end
21. Why was the battle of Gettysburg a turning point in the Civil War?
it was a victory for the union
the South surrender
22. What was the purpose of Lincoln's Gettysburg address?
To honor the ones who died in the war and what they believed in
23. True or false: Lincoln's Gettysburg address reflected the ideas that were introduced in the Declaration of Independence because Lincoln spoke of the importance of valuing liberty, equality, and democracy. If true copy of the statement. If false write a true statement about Lincoln's Gettysburg address main ideas.
To Lincoln's Gettysburg address reflected ideas that were introduced in the Declaration of Independence because Lincoln spoke of the organs of right-wing liberty equality and democracy
24. What important contribution did General William Tecumseh Sherman makes to the Union war effort?
William Tecumseh Sherman carried out union plan to destroy southern railroads and industries
25. Why did General Lee decide to surrender his troops at Appomattox Courthouse?
Lee surrendered because they were down and lack of food and had no supplies. He did not capture little round top.
26. Describe the condition of the economy in the South after the Civil War.
The economy was very slow and a higher population because the freedom of the blacks.620,000 Americans lost their lives. So into slavery. Former slaves and no homes or jobs the economy was in ruins. Hostility and discrimination]. Question was how the United States unite what's more.
Fort Sumter
the Confederate troops-south attacked The federal outpost in South Carolina beginning the Civil War
Border states
Delaware Kentucky Maryland and Missouri slave states they did not want to join the Confederacy
Winfied Scott
Developed a two-part strategy 1. naval blockade of ports2. in control of the Mississippi River to divide the state
Cotton diplomacy
Great Britain would support the Confederacy because they needed the Souths cotton
Thomas Stonewall Jackson
Led by Gen. Stonewall Jackson his Confederate troop held tight against union attack as Bull Run and that's how Gen. Jackson got the nickname Stonewall
First Battle of Bull Run
First major battle Confederate victory-McDowell Union army marched to seize Manassas where Confederate troops were waiting that Creek called Bull Run. they were unable to cross because of Gen Beauregard other troops under Johnson and Gen. Thomas Stonewall Jackson and Virginia volunteers held back the Union soldiers and the first major battle was a Confederate victory also known as the Battle of Manassas
George B McClellan
presently have needed a better trained army so he ordered general McClellan to trained 100,000 soldiers called the Army of the Potomac. one disappointment he moved his troops to slowly. Gen. Robert E Lee Confederate much smarter and he attacked McClellan and known as the seven days battle that forced the union to retreat.
Robert E Lee
Confederate army commander. A graduate of West Point. Led battles in Harpers Ferry andin the Mexican war . He was a risk taker and able to make unpredictable moves he outsmarted McClellan
Seven-day battle
Gen. Robert E Lee Confederate and much smarter and he attacked slow general McClellan which is known as the seven days battle that Force the union to retreat
Second Battle of Bull Run
Frustrated Lincoln ordered Gen. Paul to market directly to Richmond where they met Jackson's troops on the battle field which was called Three-day battle or the second battle of Bull Run
battle of Antietam
Bloodiest single day of battle in the Civil War. Gen. McClellan had found a copy of Gen Lees battle plan that he left at a abandoned Confederate camp and learns that Lee had divided his army so McClellan and Gen Lee met on the Antietam Creek which was the single bloodiest battle in US history
Shifts heavy armored with iron
Ulysses S Grant
Union commander Who was bold and aggressive leaders wanted him to be on Attack. grant took to outpost on key rivers and captured Fort Henry on the Tennessee River and then for Dawson to Union North victory
Battle of Shiloh
Another union victory. at Shiloh Church grants was lazy and work on drilling of his new recruits and civil defense. Therefore Johnson and his rebels attacked when grants troops were sleeping. is leading to day battle with Gen. Johnson had better kill the first day both sides claimed victory however, The Union army gain greater control of the Mississippi River Valley
David Farragut
A highly trained Navy admiral Approach the two ports and guarded the entrance to New Orleans he could not destroy them so he raced past. He had his ships wrapped in chains and mud and the Confederates fired at him from shore but he raced past and is able to reach New Orleans and conquer it
Siege of Vicksburg
Vicksburg on top of a 200 foot cliff above the Mississippi River. Gen. Grant surround the city and cuts it off from supplies of food and shelter repeatedly cut off from the world and no food they surrender Gen. Grant immediately send them to the soldiers and civiliansA
Emancipation proclamation
In the middle of the bloody battles Pres. Lincoln writes this order to free the Confederates slaves only in the areas controlled by the Confederacy.
It really had little affect too hard to enforce
Contra bands
Escaped slaves
54th Massachusetts infantry
Highly trained Free African American Union units that charged fort Wagner
Midwestern Democrat that were for the South wanted the war to stop and oppose abolition
Habeas corpus
Lincoln wanted to stop the copperheads so he issued Constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment
Clara Barton
Volunteer Organize medicine and supplies for the delivery of the battlefield to wounded Union soldiers
George G Meade
Confederate Gen. Lee in a small town called Gettysburg runs right into union general means troops triggering the battle of Gettysburg.
Battle of Gettysburg
Key battle that finally turned the tide against the Confederate The union plans generally the Confederate surrenders
George Pickett
Confederate general. Leads a failed attacks on the union with the largest unit 15,000 and
Pickett charge
A failed Confederate attack on the Cemetery Ridge. Lee orders a counterattack it tells Leahy has no man left
75,000 and better soldiers die
90,000 union troops have fought during the battle of Gettysburg
Gettysburg address
Lincoln praised the bravery of the Union soldiers and Renewed his commitment to winning the Civil War
Wilderness campaign
A series of Battles designed to capture the and better capital of Richmond Virginia
a union victory but grants suffered many losses
William Tecumseh sherman
Lincoln wanted the victory for his reelection and general Sherman provided the victory. He destroys other railroads and industries by Sherman conquers Atlanta and the loss of railroad center of it in industry
Total war
Destroying civilian and economic resources Shermer practice destroying drugs and economic resources
Appomattox courthouse
Where Gen. Lee surrendered to Grant's ending the Civil War and the union won
Civil War data
Study all below
14 million more people lived in the United States than in the Confederate states
Unions they got about 1,000,500 mi.² of land more than Confederate states
Unionization had 1,000,200 more troops and Confederate states had
The union had greater manufacturing and iron production
The union had 13,000 miles of railroad track more than the South
The union had greater financial resources
The North and more war casualties
169,027 total dive in all those battles
The North and a much bigger population than the south so they were able to raise a better army of troops
North had better industrial production in the South and this helps because they were able to get better and more supplies
This is they could get more troops to the battle site faster
The North and more money which am I better supplies
A lot of people died because the diseases and whether not just in battle
The North won because they had better supplies and more troops and better weapons
One of the best political speeches in US history
Lincoln's Gettysburg address
What confederate general was killed by accident by his own troops
Stonewall Jackson
A woe is the objective of Abraham Lincoln address
To honor the soldiers who fought at Gettysburg
What were some other objectives of Lincoln's Gettysburg address
A African-American and right
What was Lincoln's main points in the Gettysburg address
Liberty equality and democracy
The death of John Brown was just the beginning of problems it was a major factor in the start of the civil war true or false