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Arts and Humanities
Mandalyn Academy-Master State Board Written
Terms in this set (413)
After a laser resurfacing treatment, how soon after can a patient tolerate exfoliation?
After trauma or injury to the skin, what kind of scarring can form?
At what point would you apply lubricant during disinfection?
An autoclave uses steam and what to sterilize?
Azulene oil is?
Calming for the Skin
Bromeliad is derived from what?
Cellulite treatments are meant to exfoliate and do what else?
A client interested in hair removal and exfoliation should seek what treatment?
A client who is taking antibiotics is a contraindication for what treatments?
Light Therapy - IPL or laser hair removal
A collection of fluid in the tissues is called what?
A contraindication for a light therapy treatment is a client who is taking what?
A photosensitivity medication
The degree of acid and alkalinity of a product is measured by the amount of what?
Diminishing a feature and highlighting to brighten a feature is called what?
Shadowing and contouring
Direct current causing a chemical reaction is called what?
Documenting all important/pertinent information on a client, including treatments and products used, is referred to as what?
During a microderm treatment, it is important to maintain what?
Electrodessication to remove skin tags uses which modality?
Estheticians can use acids up to what percentage?
Eucalyptus essential oil does what?
Fulguration is a method which uses what?
High frequency (sparking)
How do electrons move to create a direct current?
In one direction
How long after a microdermabrasion treatment can you do filler injections?
How long after an IPL treatment should you wait to exfoliate?
How long do you wait to get injections after receiving microderm?
How long will a doctor advise you to wait to get a light exfoliation after a light therapy treatment?
How many cranial bones are there?
How many days after microderm should a client wait before receiving injections?
How many facial bones are there?
How many pints of blood are in the average adult?
How much pressure is used in manual lymphatic drainage massage?
How often can you do micro current?
How soon after botox can a client receive a facial treatment?
How soon after completing a round of accutane can a client receive exfoliation treatments?
Hydrocollator heating herbal wraps should be heated to what temperature?
If a client is experiencing laxity in their skin, what color of LED light should you use?
If microderm is done too aggressively, it will result in what?
Pin Point Bleeding
If the client has an allergy to iodine, you should avoid applying what?
Algae Body Wrap
If you notice large, egg shaped pockets on a clients upper eyelid, what should you do?
Refer to a physician
Intense Pulsed Light produced what kind of light?
Polychromatic and Broadband
In what type of peels does the coagulation of the protein in the skin turn white?
Jessner and TCA
IPL and LED treatments are considered what?
Laser is an acronym that means:
Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
Light skin is not a contraindication of what?
IPL - intense pulse laser
Low level current is measured in what?
Manual lymph drainage moves with what system?
The circulatory system
Medical term for face lift?
Melanocytes are found in which layer of the skin?
Stratum germinativum (basal layer)
Melanocytes, merkel cells and langerhans cells are found in what layer of the skin?
Microdermabrasion can not be performed on a guest with what skin condition?
Microdermabrasion should stop before what begins?
Micro needling of the skin causes what?
A wound response
Mineral masks help to do what?
Tighten and tone as it dries
Multiple laser treatments target the hair in what phase?
Non-wet psoriasis may have what type of hair removal?
Prior to a jessner peel, what should you do?
Strip the skin of oil with acetone
Prior to receiving a chemical peel, a client predisposed to herpes should start treatment with what?
Anti viral medication
A salt treatment is beneficial in stimulating and doing what else to the skin?
Skin cancer characterized by red, flaking, and crusting areas is called what?
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Sodium laurel sulfate and ammonium luareth sulfate are found in what product?
Sphingolipids, glycosphingolips, and ceramides are a natural part of what matrix?
A surgical procedure that removes excess skin/fat from the upper eyelid is called what?
Thinning and bruising of the skin is a result of producing too much hydrocortisone because of what hormonal disease?
Tinea is caused by what?
Touching a product or a chemical that causes a reaction is called _______?
Ultrasonic cleaning, which uses ultrasonic energy causes the rapid formation and collapse of small bubbles in the liquid, is also known as what?
The use of light produced by lasers to destroy the bulb and hair follicle for hair removal is called what?
Weeping, crusting, and inflammation is a condition known as what?
What angle should wax be applied at?
45 degree angle
What appears as red or pink solid bumps, open sores or ulcers that bleed easily?
Squamos cell carcinomas
What are allergic reactions caused by?
What are blood borne pathogens?
Infectious substances in the blood that cause infections and diseases
What are contraindications for facial waxing?
Sunburn, history of fever blisters, and pustulesor papules, a recent history of prescribed topical expoliants such as retin-a, recent use of accutane or other acne medications or topical or oral cortisone medications
What are contraindications for microcurrent?
High blood pressure, metal implants, pregnancy, pace maker, epilepsy
What are descriptors of fitzpatrick 1?
Always burns, never tans, light hair and eyes
What are descriptors of fitzpatrick VI (six)?
Black skin, black hair, black eyes and never burns
What are enzymes made from meat by products called?
Pancreatic and trypsine
What are examples of contraindications for a body wrap?
High blood pressure, diabetes, fibromyalgia
What are examples of ingredients that are used in crystal microdermabrasion?
Aluminum oxide, corundum, salt
What are hematomas?
Bruises, a collection of blood under the skin
What are higher level of fitzpatrick types less sensitive to?
What are lesions that are noncancerous referred to as?
What are solar lentigens a form of?
What are the agents that cause diseases, namely bacteria and viruses called?
What are the blood cells that aid in forming clots called?
What are the connectors of the upper epidermal tissue called?
What are the contraindications for micro current?
Open wounds, cancer, heart conditions or pacemaker, epilepsy, muscle diseases, hemophilia, pregnancy
What are the four LED colors?
Red, yellow, blue, green
What are the lymph nodes near the ear called?
What are the zones in Ayurveda called?
What botanical is antispasmodic?
What botanical is antiviral?
What botanical is best to use on someone who is pregnant and has acne?
What can be used to drive a chemical peel deeper?
What causes hirsutism?
What causes women to have hirsutism and acne?
What circulates through the body to help nourish the skin?
Blood and Lymph
What clients should you avoid using peppermint oil on?
Pregnant women or someone with sensitive skin
What color of LED light should you use on acne?
What color of LED should you use on inflammation?
What condition does thinning skin, hair loss and weight loss relate to?
What condition that causes reddened skin is a contraindication for chemical peels?
What contraindicates the use of a suction machine?
What depth is a TCA peel considered?
What determines how many passes a microderm client can have?
Thickness of skin
What disease is the under production of hydrocortisone?
What do body muds/packs utilize to draw out impurities?
What do ceramides do?
They act as cellular glue in the epidermis by holding cells together
What do clove and rosemary have in common?
What does 1 ampere equal?
1 million microamperes
What does a vacuum exfoliation stimulate?
Reproduction of fibroblasts and new living cells
What does azulene oil do?
What does blue LED do?
What does comfrey root do?
Promotes new skin cell growth and reduces inflammation
What does comfrey root ointment help with?
Bruising or pulled muscles
What does erythromycin treat?
Infections and acne
What does green LED do?
What does green LED do?
Reduces redness, lessens hyperpigmentation, calms and soothes skin
What does iontophoresis do?
What does micro current do?
Stimulates blood circulation, lymphatic flow regulates collagen and elastin production
What does micro current emit?
Low voltage electrical currents
What does micro current mimic?
Our body's own natural electric rythms
What does micro current stimulate?
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
What does micro current treat skin for?
Firming, toning, ionization and desincrustation
What does not have to be on a products ingredient label?
What does organic mean?
What does red LED do?
Increases cellular process, stimulates ATP, boosts collagen and elastin production
What does sclerotherapy treat?
What does SOAp stand for?
Subjective, objective, assessment, plan
What does superficial peeling do to the skin?
Removes dead skin cells
What does the thymus gland do?
Signals the development of the immune system in young people
What does yellow LED do?
Reduces inflammation, improves lymphatic flow, detoxifies and increases stimulation
What do our body secretions do for us?
What do pathogenic bacteria do?
What do seaweed wraps do?
Release harmful toxins
What do you want to use a minimal amount of on a client with asthma?
What environmental factor can cause skin to be yellow, grey and sallow?
What enzyme is derived from animals?
What essential oil is safe to use on someone who is pregnant?
What essential oil would you add to a tonic for a pregnant client who is experiencing acne?
What ethnicity tends to have the thickest hair growth and deepest root systems?
What facial treatment can be done after a rhinoplasty?
What fitzpatrick is contraindicated for laser hair removal?
What Fitzpatrick type is contraindicated for laser hair removal?
What fitzpatrick types have a deeper root system?
What gland regulates the body's metabolism?
What hormone is responsible for collagen production?
What hormone is responsible for the production of collagen?
What ingredient is a performance and delivery system?
What ingredient is good for softening the skin and is a humectant that is formed by the decomposition of fats and oils?
What ingredient makes cream dense?
What ingredients does a jessner peel contain?
Lactic, salicylic and resorcinol in an ethanol solvent
What ingredient should you not use in a body wrap for someone on accutane?
What is an acrochordon or a benign outgrowth or extension on the skin called?
What ingredient would you not use on someone with an iodine allergy?
What is a contraindication for IPL?
What is a contraindication for LED?
What is a condition that results in persistent dry skin and diminished lack of sebum called
What is a contraindication for manual lymph drainage?
What is a contraindication for sclerotherapy?
What is a contraindication for lymphatic drainage?
What is a contraindication to receiving eyelash extensions?
What is a contraindication to using salicylic acid?
Use of Tretinoin
What is adenosine triphosphate (ATP)?
Biocatalyst for all cellular processes such as DNA, oxygenation, respiration, muscle movement and neuro transmission
What is a disease that causes the skin to thin and bruise easily?
What is a foreign substance that is recognized as an invader by the immune system?
What is a hair removal method that can be used on a client who is using tretinoin?
What is a hydrating and exfoliating treatment that may be used prior to more aggressive exfoliation?
What is an ancient indian concept for health and mental wellness?
What is an atom considered when it is in a state of equilibrium?
What is an example of a blood borne pathogen?
What is an example of an advanced delivery system in skin care?
What is an example of an aseptic technique?
Handling tools properly
What is an example of a poleolytic (protein dissolving) treatment?
What is an example of a proteolytic (protein dissolving chemical)?
What is an example of low level direct current used in facials?
What is an indication that a chemical peel went to deep?
What is an ingredient draws out impurities?
What is another name for a treatment using a seaweed mask?
What is another name for a vichy shower?
What is another name for hair follicle?
What is another name for skin tags?
What is another name for thalassotherapy?
What is another name for water therapy?
What is a pilosebaceous unit?
What is applied after a depilatory wax?
What is a proteolytic peel?
What is a skin condition that results increased pigment on the skin?
What is a special type of current used in the treatment of telangiectasia?
What is a treatment you can do to prepare the skin for extractions?
What is ayurveda?
Traditional Indian Medicine
What is blistering or epidermal separation caused by lateral pressure of the laser called?
What is bromhidrosis?
Foul smelling body odor related to your sweat
What is chamomile oil good for?
Anti-inflammatory and soothing properties
What is cellulite?
Fat, water and waste
What is cleanser applied with?
Fingertips or a damp cloth
What is clear layer of the epidermis?
What is clove oil good for?
Stimulating and energizing
What is diathermy?
A current used in the treatment of telanglectasia
What is direct current that produces an electrochemical effect?
What is dyschromia?
What is eucalyptus oil good for?
What is edema?
Fluids and swelling under the skin.
What is fat, water and waste under the skin called?
What is isotretinoin?
What is fat, waste and water trapped underneath the surface of the skin called?
What is lactic acid derived from?
Sour Milk and Tomatoes
What is L-Ascorbic Acid?
What is geranium oil good for?
Immune strengthening, skin health, acne, and sensitive skin
What is mammoplasty?
What is hydroquinone?
Topical bleaching agent that inhibits the production of tyrosine
What is minocycline?
What is necrosis tissue?
Dead cells when tissue is deprived by blood supply
What is kojic acid?
A bleaching agent derived from bacteria on Japanese mushrooms
What is not one of the building blocks of a successful business?
What is micro current measured in?
What is mottling of the skin?
A splotchy freckling of hyperpigmentation
What is not a contraindication for laser hair removal?
What is peppermint oil good for?
What is perioral dermatitis?
Inflammation around the mouth in the form of a red, scaly rash or bumps that occurs mainly in women
What is pin point bleeding?
Small entry to the papillary dermis
What is pityriasis rosea?
Skin disease that causes red patches on the skin that may be round or oval
What is plasma?
Liquid part of blood
What is pregnancy mask also known as?
What is scleroderma?
An autoimmune disease that causes thickening and tightening the skin
What is sclerotherapy?
A medical procedure involving injections to eliminate spider veins and varicose veins
What is stronger, sterilization or disinfection?
What is telangiectasia?
What is the acid called that is known for exfoliation, anti-microbial, and anti inflammatory benefits?
What is the best method to extract essential oils?
What is the bodies largest organ?
What is the breakdown of elastic tissue due to photoaging called?
What is the catagen stage of hair growth?
What is the cause of scabies?
Itch mite, parasites
What is the change that occurs between the laser spot size at the surface of the skin, and spot size deeper under the tissue?
What is the condition of excessive hair growth called?
What is the depth level of a peel that affects the papillary dermis?
What is the difference in mens facial hair?
Direction of hair growth
What is the digestive system of a cell?
What is the discoloration of skin and nails called?
What is the ingredient used in botox?
What is the layer of the skin that is affected by microdermabrasion?
What is the loss of an electron called?
What is the lowest layer of the epidermis?
Stratum germinativum (basal layer)
What is the main purpose of a body wrap?
What is the medical name for a face lift?
What is the medical term for wrinkle?
What is the mitochondria?
Powerhouse of the cell
What is the most common skin lesion that is a result from skin damage and sun exposure?
What is the most common type of skin cancer?
Basal Cell Carcinoma
What is the most deadly but least common form of skin cancer?
What is the most effective stage for hair removal?
What is the muscle that extends from the upper part of the shoulder to the corner of the mouth that is massaged during a facial called?
What is the name for expanding blood vessels?
What is the name of the scale that is used to identify sun tolerance of the skin?
What is the name of the tissue that covers the top of the head?
What is the pituitary gland?
What is the process for collecting essential oils called?
What is the process of dead cells shedding off the skin called?
What is the proper way to tweeze hair?
Hold skin tight and pull in the direction of hair growth
What is the purpose of doing a skin analysis?
To determine skin type and condition
What is the range of fitzpatrick types?
What is the skeletal structure that protects the heart, lungs, and internal organs?
What is the skin condition called that causes U-shaped redness in the neck?
Poikiloderma of Civatte
What is the superficial sublayer of the epidermis?
What is the term used to describe therapy in skincare using plants and their properties
What is the use of plants and plant products for medicinal purposes called?
What is the word that refers to a skin lesion that has a wavy margin, such as ringworm?
What is tinea versicolor?
A fungal infection that inhibits the production of melanin
What is tinea corporis?
What is true about Hepatitis B?
It is almost always asymptomatic
What is used in a projection treatment/hydrotherapy treatment that causes the projection of water from 10 - 12 feet away?
What is water therapy also referred to as?
What item can you use for facial steam?
What kind of allergic reaction occurs from exposure to allergens or irritants?
What kind of diseases go throughout the body?
What kind of light is used in a woods lamp?
Filtered black light
What layer is penetrated when the skin has frosted for a medium depth peel?
What lies between collagen and elastin?
What machine has an electrochemical effect?
What machine is used for steam sterilization?
What makes up the integumentary system?
skin, hair, nails
What makes up the nucleus of an atom?
protons and neutrons
What makes up the pliability of the skin?
What muscle is injected with botox to help treat marionette lines?
What muscle of the forehead is botox injected into?
What needs to be done when using a woods lamp?
Use in a dark room
What orbits around the nucleus?
What part of the cell is the mitochondria?
Digestive system of the cell
What people do you want to avoid using rosemary oil on?
Pregnant Women or Kids
What percentage of AHA can estheticians use?
What pretreat do you use for a Jessner Peel?
What process of disinfection uses sound?
What products contain laurel sulfate aluminum?
What service would you perform prior to and after a liposuction treatment?
A non surgical treatment which reduces cellulite and tightens skin called endermology
What should be done to a clients skin prior to receiving a jessner peel?
What should you chart with a microdermabrasion client?
Settings of the machine
What skin classification system takes into account the client's ethnic background?
What skin condition can micro pigmentation used for?
What skin condition is a contraindication for microdermabrasion?
What skin condition that appears as pre cancerous thick, scaly skin caused by excessive sun exposure?
What skin condition would contraindicate doing a body treatment on that causes heat and vasodilation?
What skin type is azulene oil okay to use on?
What skin type is sensitive to peels?
Asian Skin Types
What stage of hair growth is considered the active phase?
What stage of hair growth is considered the resting phase?
What stage of hair growth is considered the transitional phase?
What stage of hair growth should you avoid applying eyelash extensions to?
What stage of hair growth should you avoid when doing eyelash extensions?
What system does lymph go into?
What system is responsible for purifying the body by eliminating waste material?
What technology can be used to remove skin tags?
Radio frequency direct current
What temperature does a hydrocollator heat your herbs to?
What treatment aids in healing and repairing tissue, and stimulate collagen and elastin production?
What treatment can be performed before and after liposuction to reduce appearance of cellulite?
What treatment causes decomposition of the derma papilla?
What treatment softens sebum deposits and blackheads to prepare the skin for extractions?
What treatment would you not do on someone with an iodine allergy?
Algae Body Wrap
What type of chemical peel should you avoid if you are allergic to aspirin?
What type of crystals are used in microdermabrasion?
Aluminum oxide (corundum)
What type of exfoliation is microdermabrasion?
What type of response does skin needling promote?
What type of scars is not effectively treated by microdermabrasion?
Ice pick scars
What vitamin causes protein coagulation?
What was the first FDA approved hyaluronic acid for dermal filling?
When a chemical peel denatures the keratin protein, it is also called what?
When a TCA peel results in a full frost, what layer of the skin has been reached?
When a thermal mask cools, what happens to the skin?
Tighten and Tones
When cleansing an instrument, when should you lubricate it?
After disinfection before sterilization
When massaging the hands and arms, what muscles would you affect?
Pronators, supinators, flexors and extensors
When performing lymphatic drainage massage, what does it require the use of?
When treating a client with acne, you should:
Advise them to not pick at their skin
When was the first laser for hair removal approved?
1995 or 2004
Where are you permitted to not perform laser hair removal?
Under the eyebrows
Where is reflexology performed?
Hands and feet
Where should you perform micro current to treat a clients marionette lines?
Which fitzpatrick type is more likely to get keloid scarring?
Which gland coordinates the production and release of hormones that travel to the pituitary gland from the base of the brain?
Which gland regulates body temperature?
Which hormone causes pores to open up and produce more sebum in teenagers?
Which is the dense, fibrous tissue that connects the occipitals and frontalis called?
Which skin classification looks at specific issues of burning, tanning and post inflammatory hyper pigmentation?
The goldman system
Who approves the eyewear used during laser treatments?
ANSI-American National Standards Institute
Who regulates safety in the workplace?
OSHA-Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Who would you not use clove oil on?
Pregnant women or client with sensitive skin
Why is protective wear for a technician during a microderm treatment encouraged?
To prevent nuisance waste
You should stop performing microderm before the client experiences what?
How should your license be maintained?
What is tinea pedis fungus?
Benign round oval patchy rash, found on trunk and upper legs and upper arms.
A fungal yeast infection that inhibits the productions of melanin
How many days do you have to dispute?
Terminally differentiated keratinocytes which make up most of the outer layer of human skin, they act as the cellular glue.
What can you do to make a TCA peel more aggressive?
Uses red LED
What are the lymph nodes that are located just in front of your ears?
preauricular lymph nodes
What is the pale yellow-grey protein that helps rid the body of toxins?
When you are stressed what do your adrenal glands secrete?
The superficial layer of the epidermis that varies in thickness over the body
A male hormone responsible for male skin characteristics?
A polyunsaturated fatty acid that helps with blood vessel dilation in the intercellular cement?
What type of current is high frequency?
What is another name for microcurrent?
What is a measurement of electrical resistance?
What is the measurement of the amount of current flowing?
What is a hertz?
the SI unit of frequency, equal to one cycle per second
What is it called when the number of protons equals the number of electrons?
Small granules filled with melanin, manufactured by melanocytes
What holds the epidermis and dermis together?
The gland attached to the hair follicle, only in the groin and underarms, and they produce an order.
Major sweat glands of the human body, found in virtually all skin.
Small tubular structure glands found in the Reticular layer?
Gland that controls of body temperature, hunger, thirst, and involuntary muscles.
What controls the growth, development, and the functioning of endocrine glands?
What are some examples of ceramides?
What is the purpose of a skin analysis?
to determine skin type and skin condition
If you are doing a treatment and notice a disease, what do you do?
Refer them to physician
What is the main purpose of cotton compresses?
Describe a diamond face shape
widest at the cheekbones (narrow at the forehead and chin)
How would you perform proper waxing?
Hold the skin tight and pull the hair our the opposite direction of hair growth
What is applied AFTER waxing
Post Wax Freshener
Are antiseptics or disinfectants applied to the skin?
Define natural immunity
Immunity to certain diseases that you have had since you were born. (Inherited.)
What do motor nerves do?
Responsible for facial movements and expressions
Which of the following is not a bacteria? Cocci, Spirlla, Fungi
What does the herpes simplex look like?
red, painful blisters or bumps, found around the mouth, nose, and genitals.
What is another name for the Herpes Simplex
What is the medical term for pregnancy mask?
What is the correct term for increased pigmentation
What is the sub layer of the epidermis characterized by the appearance of granules and the disappearance of the nucleus within the cells?
What causes scabies?
What happens when an atom is stable?
Why is it important for a client to sit following a mud wrap?
Define Viscosity of a product
Thickness or Liquidity
What is a carbomer?
An emulsifier used as a thickening agent
What is a microsponge?
Specialized delivery system (polymeric delivery systems composed of porous microspheres)
What kind of wax should be used when waxing a male scrotum?
Only hard wax
How long must a patient stop smoking before surgery?
One to two weeks
What spectrum of wavelengths does IPL cover?
Co2 lasers are absorbed by water but can be delivered in what way?
In a pixel-type matrix
What wavelength is a Co2 laser?
Is a client wants to receive liposuction to treat their cellulite what should you inform them?
Liposuction does not cure cellulite, or dimpled skin
What is the proper end point for a Jessner Peel?
What are the characteristics of a 400-1000 nm wavelength?
Polychromatic and broadband (IPL)
water repelling, tending to repel or fail to mix with water
Which is a contraindication to Laser Hair Removal? a.) pregnancy b.) lupus c.) HIV d.) epilepsy e.) all of the above
e). all of the above
What is mycosis?
any infection or disease caused by a fungus that invades the tissue.
Why would you do MLD after a surgery?
reduce inflammation and edema
What is a contraindication for Sclerotherapy?
What depth of the epidermis does a full frost TCA reach?
papillary dermis/ upper reticular dermis
What injection is derived from Hyaluronic Acid?
What is the medical term for laying face down?
What laser is 400-100-nm?
A month after laser resurfacing, how many passes of Microdermabrasion are acceptable?
What chemical peel has the smallest molecules?
Hepatitis is an example of what?
A Virus ( it is also a Pathogen but your Miladys book calls it a virus)
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