High School Art I finalterms covering Elements of Art and Principles of Design. The definitions are from our classroom book, Rosalind Ragans ARTTALK.
What are the Elements of Art?
Line, Shape, Form, Color, Space, Value & Texture
What is a line?
A mark made with a pointed, moving tool.
What are the 5 Types of Line?
Vertical, Horizontal, Diagonal, Curved, Zig Zag
What are the ways to Vary a Line?
Length, Width, Texture, Direction, Degree of Curve, Color
What is Value?
The art element that refers to darkness or light.
Name 5 ways to Create Value?
Values may be created by shading, crosshatching, hatching, stippling, or scribbling.
What is a shape?
A two-dimensional (2-D) area that is defined in some way. Its two dimensions are height and width.
What are the general categories of shape?
Geometric or Free-form/Organic
What are geometric shapes?
Precise shapes that can be described using mathematical formulas. i.e. square, triangle, circle.
What are free form (aka organic) shapes?
Irregular and uneven shapes. Their outlines may be curved, angular or a combination of both. They often occur in nature and may be silhouettes of living things, such as animals, people or plants.
What are forms?
Objects having three dimensions (3-D). Like shapes they have height and width, but they also have depth. i.e. sphere, cube, cone, pyramid.
What is space?
The emptiness or area between, around, above, below or within objects.
What are the two general types of space?
Positive Space and Negative Space
What is positive space?
This is the space occupied by the objects within a work of art.
What is Negative Space?
The empty spaces around or between the objects in a work of art.
What is Texture?
The element of art that refers to how things feel or how they look as if they might feel.
What is color?
The element of art that is derived from reflected light. You see this element because light waves are reflected from objects to your eyes.
What are the 4 properties of color?
Hue, Intensity, Value, Temperature
What is hue?
The name of a color, such as red, blue or yellow.
What is intensity?
Brightness or dullness of a color.
What is the value of a color?
The amount of light a color reflects. Yellow is the the lightest hue and violet is the darkest hue. The value of any hue can be changed by adding black or white. A lighter value is called a tint. A darker value is called a shade.
What is the temperature of color?
Colors are divided into two groups called warm and cool. Warm colors are red, orange and yellow - like fire or sunshine. Cool colors are blue, green and violet - like water, ice, snow or grass.
What are color schemes?
Plans for organizing colors into groups.
What is a monochromatic color scheme?
Mono - one; chrome - color. This color scheme uses only one hue and the values of that hue.
What are complementary colors?
The strongest contrast of a hue is produced by pairing complementary colors. These colors are directly across from each other on the color wheel. i.e. red and green, blue and orange, yellow and violet.
What is a triadic color scheme?
Using colors that form a equilateral triangle on the color wheel.
What is an analagous color scheme?
Colors that are side by side on the color wheel. i.e. violet, red-violet and red.
What are the primary colors?
Red, Blue and Yellow. These colors cannot be made, but they can be mixed to make all the other colors on the color wheel.
What are the secondary colors?
Orange, Green and Violet. These are made by mixing 2 primary colors.
What are tertiary or intermediate colors?
Each is a combination of a Primary and Secondary Colors. In naming them, the primary color name always comes first. Yellow-Green, Yellow-Orange, Red-Orange, Red-Violet, Blue-Green, Blue-Violet.
What are the neutral colors?
Colors that are not on the color wheel; grayscale colors - black to white and browns.
What are the principles of design?
These are ways of arranging the elements of art to create different visual effects. Rhythm and Movement, Balance, Proportion, Variety, Unity and Emphasis/Focal Point.
What is proportion?
The principle of design that is concerned with the size relationship of one part to another.