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Pharmacology I Chapter 7: Medication Errors and Risk Reduction
Terms in this set (16)
What is the acceptable rate of medication errors?
This is no acceptable rate of medication errors.
When documenting a medication error in the medical record, the documentation must include what?
When documenting a medication error in the medical record, the documentation must include the specific nursing interventions implemented after the error to protect the patient.
Which individuals do you document when documenting a medical error?
You document all individuals who were notified of the error.
Where do you give details of what medication was given or omitted?
In the medication-administration record (MAR).
What are the two purposes of an incident report?
1. It allows the nurse to identify factors contributing to the error.
2. It is used by the agency's risk management personnel for quality improvement.
What is a sentinel event?
An unexpected occurrence that involves death or serious psychological or physical injury, or risk thereof.
When do you investigate a sentinel event?
Sentinel events are always investigated.
What is a Root Cause Analysis (RCA)?
A Root Cause Analysis (RCA) is an intervention that follows a sentinel event. It seeks to prevent another occurrence by asking what happened and why, and how to prevent it from happening again.
Should R.N.'s accept verbal orders?
No. If you do not accept verbal orders, this will help to cut down on the prevalence of med errors.
How many forms of identification are used to verify the patient?
When do you document that you administered medicine to the patient on the MAR?
Immediately. As soon as you give the medicine, you should document it.
Medication errors can be anonymously reported by providers, as well as the general public to the ___ ________
Define medication reconciliation.
Medication Reconciliation is the process of tracking a patients medicine as they proceed from one health care provider to another.
Polypharmacy is the simultaneous use of multiple drugs to treat an illness.
The Medicine Reconciliation List includes:
A. All medicine the patient has taken
B. Medicines the patient is allergic to
C. Medicines the patient is currently taking
D. Medicines the patient might take
The Reconciliation list includes [C.], the medicines the patient is currently taking.
What are the three things the Root Cause Analysis (RCA) is trying to determine?
1. What happened?
2. Why did it happen?
3. What can prevent it from happening again?
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