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39 terms

HISTORY EXAM: CHAPTER 26

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at the tehran conference, stalin, roosevelt, and churchill agreed
To a participation of postwar Germany
although hitler rose to power in Germany his actual birthplace was in
Austria
in december 1936, chiang kai-shek ended his military efforts against communists and
Formed a front against japan
hitler was confident that the western states who had signed the treaty of versailles would
Not use force to maintain it
at ___ heroic efforts by the british royal navy and civilians in private boats managed to evacuate 338,000 allied troops
Dunkirk
at the beginning of 1943, the allies agreed to seek form the axis powers nothing short of
Unconditional surrender
hitlers goal was to create a
Third reich, or german empire
truman wanted to avoid an invasion of japan because he believed that
Americans would suffer heavy losses.
lenin intended his economic policies to
Allow the economy to re-build itself
hitler demanded and was given, what area in northwestern Czechoslovakia
Sudetenland
japan had conquered southeast asia during WWII using the slogan
"Asia for the Asiatics"
Some people did not believe or acknowledge the full horrors of Hilters slaughter of civilians for all of the reasons EXCEPT one
Collaborators refused to help the nazis hunt down jews
hitler inaccurately associated the concept of an a the concept of an Aryan race will all of the following except
Jews
on December 7, 1941 japanese
Launched a surprise attack on the us pacific fleet pearl harbor
parliamentary systems failed in most eastern european states, in part, because
These systems had little democratic tradition
the kristallnacht which happened on november 9, 1938 was
A destructive rampage against german jews led by nazis.
the tehran conference in 1943 set in motion a plan that would ultimately result in
Germany being divided along a north-south line into east and west
The ___ was the period of political tension following WWII
Cold War
Stalin wanted to create a buffer to protect the Soviet Union from the West by creating
Satellite, pro-Soviet state governments
Japanese leaders miscalculated American intent and thought that the US would accept
Japanese domination of the Pacific
Hitler ended Germany's economic woes, unemployment, and the depression by
Public works projects and a rearmament program
Franco's military regime in Spain was supported by
Germany and Italy
The victims of the Holocaust included large numbers of all of the following groups EXCEPT
Italians
The turning point of the war in Asia that established US naval superiority over Japan in the Pacific was the Battle of
Midway Island
Churchill called postwar Soviet policy in Eastern Europe the
"Iron Curtain"
Two days after Hitler's invasion of ___ Britain and France declared war on Germany
Poland
When the Einsatzgruppen proved to be too slow for the Nazis they
Built special extermination camps in Poland
___ administered the Nazi's Final Solution
Reinhard Heydrich
At the Potsdam Conference, Truman demanded ___ throughout Eastern Europe
Freely elected governments
At the Yalta Conference, the Allies agreed to
The establishment of a United Nations organization after the war.
In order to address labor shortages during the war, Japan
Brought in Korean and Chinese laborers
Hitler's right of superior nations to "living space"
Lebensraum
Great Britain's policy of ___ toward Germany was based on the belief that the satisfaction of reasonable demands would maintain peace in Europe.
Appeasement
Hitler's blitzkrieg, or "lightning war" was
A form of attack that used tank divisions supported by air attacks
Chamberlain's Munich Conference with Hitler in 1938 resulted in Britain
Feeling that peace was secured
The ___ were special strike forces charged with the task of rounding up and killing the Jews.
Einsatzgruppen
Stalin's Five Year Plans were based on all of the following EXCEPT
Communism
Which country was referred to as the "soft underbelly" of Europe by Winston Churchill
Italy
After 1941, Germany ruled some areas like Poland through direct annexation, but most of occupied Europe was run by German officials with
Local collaborators