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300 terms

Vocabulary Workshop Level E Units 1-15

STUDY
PLAY
abrasive
(adj.) causing irritation, harsh; grinding or wearing down; (n.) a substance used to smooth or polish
acclimate
(v.) to adapt a new climate, environment, or situation
chagrin
(n.) irritation or humiliation caused by disappointment or frustration; (v.) to cause such a feeling
complacent
(adj.) self-satisfied; overly content
concur
(v.) to express agreement, approve
defamation
(n.) slander or libel
explicate
(v.) to make plain or clear, explain; to interpret
fracas
(n.) noisy quarrel or brawl
grotesque
(adj.) unnatural, distorted; bizarre
pandemonium
(n.) a wild uproar, din, or commotion
raucous
(adj.) disagreeably harsh-sounding; disorderly
receptive
(adj.) open and responsive to ideas or suggestions
renounce
(v.) to give up or resign something
repress
(v.) to hold back; to put down or check by force
reticent
(adj.) not inclined to speak; reserved; reluctant
savory
(adj.) tasty, appetizing; pungent or salty, not sweet; inoffensive, respectable
somnolent
(adj.) sleepy, drowsy; inducing sleep
vehement
(adj.) intense, forceful, powerful
voluble
(adj.) characterized by a ready flow of words; glib, fluent
zealous
(adj.) eager, earnest, devoted
alacrity
(n.) a cheerful readiness; brisk and eager action
alleviate
(v.) to relieve, make more bearable
antithesis
(n.) the direct opposite, a sharp contrast
appall
(v.) to fill with dismay or horror
bellicose
(adj.) warlike in manner or temperament; quarrelsome
disparage
(v.) to belittle, speak slightingly of; to undervalue
dissonant
(adj.) not in harmony; disagreeing, at odds
droll
(adj.) amusingly odd
edict
(n.) an order issued by someone in authority
elucidate
(v.) to clarify, explain
laud
(v.) to praise
loll
(v.) to act in a lazy manner; to lounge; to recline, droop
loquacious
(adj.) talkative, wordy; fond of talking
magnanimous
(adj.) generous in forgiving, above small meanness
mandatory
(adj.) required, obligatory
nondescript
(adj.) ordinary, not outstanding; not easily classified
phlegmatic
(adj.) slow-moving, sluggish; unemotional
rescind
(v.) to repeal, cancel
vivacious
(adj.) lively, sprightly, full of energy
whet
(v.) to sharpen, put an edge on; to make keen or eager
antipathy
(n.) a strong dislike, hostile feeling
applicable
(adj.) capable of being applied; relevant, suitable
asset
(n.) something of value; a resource; an advantage
beset
(v.) to attack from all sides; to surround, hem in; (adj., part.) harassed, troubled; studded (as with jewels)
compassion
(n.) sympathy for another's suffering; pity
decorum
(n.) proper behavior, good taste; orderliness
duress
(n.) compulsion by threat; forcible confinement
exuberant
(adj.) high-spirited, enthusiastic, unrestrained; excessive, abundant
facsimile
(n.) an exact copy
imbibe
(v.) to drink; to take in, absorb
implacable
(adj.) not to be satisfied or pacified; unyielding
infinitesimal
(adj.) so small as to be almost immeasurable; minute
innocuous
(adj.) harmless, inoffensive; insignificant
militate
(v.) to have effect or force on or against someone or something, fight against
patent
(n.) exclusive rights over an invention; copyright; (v.) to arrange or obtain such rights; (adj.) plain, open to view; copyrighted
prowess
(n.) distinguished bravery; superior skill or ability
sedate
(adj.) quiet, settled, sober; (v.) to administer a tranquilizer
stentorian
(adj.) extremely loud
stipulate
(v.) to arrange specifically; to require as a condition of agreement
ultimatum
(n.) a final proposal or statement of conditions
abjure
(v.) to renounce, repudiate under oath; to avoid, shun
acrid
harsh in taste or odor; sharp in manner or temper
august
majestic, inspiring admiration and respect
callous
emotionally hardened, unfeelings
clandestine
secret, concealed; underhanded
compunction
remorse, regret
conflagration
(n.) a large destructive fire
elated
in high spirits, jubilant; extremely pleased
indelible
not able to be erased or removed; memorable
indulgent
yielding to the wishes or demands of others
inveterate
firmly established, long-standing; habitual
irrelevant
not to the point, not applicable or pertinent
nocturnal
of or occurring in the night; under cover of darkness
platitude
a commonplace, stale, or trite remark
quell
to subdue, put down forcibly
quiescent
inactive; at rest
ruminate
to meditate, think about at length; to chew the cud
tacit
unspoken, silent; implied, inferred
tangible
capable of being touched; real, concrete
trenchant
incisive, keen; forceful, effective; cutting, caustic; distinct, clear-cut
allude
to refer to casually or indirectly
clairvoyant
supernaturally perceptive; one who possesses extrasensory powers, seer
conclusive
serving to settle an issue; final
disreputable
not respectable, not esteemed
endemic
native or confined to a particular region or people; charateristic of or prevalent in a field
exemplary
worthy of imitation, commendable; serving as a model
fathom
to understand, get to the bottom of; to determine the depth of; a measure of depth in water
guile
treacherous cunning, deceit
integrity
honestly, high moral standards; an unimpaired condition, completeness, soundness
itinerary
a route of travel; a record of travel; a guidebook
misconstrue
to interpret wrongly, mistake the meaning of
obnoxious
highly offensive, arousing strong dislike
placate
to appease, soothe, pacify
placid
calm, peaceful
plagiarism
passing off or using as one's own writing (or other materials) of another person
potent
powerful; highly affective
pretext
a false reason, deceptive excuse
protrude
to stick out, thrust forward
stark
harsh, unrelieved, desolate; utterly
superficial
on or near the surface; concerned with or understanding only what is on the surface, shallow
acquiesce
to accept without protest; to agree or submit
allure
to entice, tempt; to be attractive to; a strong attraction; the power to attract, charm
askew
twisted to one side, crooked; disapprovingly
blithe
cheerful, lighthearted; casual, unconcerned
contentious
quarrelsome, inclined to argue
covet
to desire something belonging to another
crestfallen
discouraged, dejected, downcast
disheveled
rumpled, mussed; hanging in disorder
exponent
one who advocates, speaks for, explains, or interprets; (math) the power to which a number, symbol, or expression is to be raised
garrulous
given to much talking, tediously chatty
insuperable
incapable of being overcome
lamentable
to be regretted or pitied
misnomer
an unsuitable or misleading name
profess
to affirm openly; to state belief in; to claim, pretend
respite
a period of relief or rest
retribution
a repayment; a deserved punishment
sinuous
winding, having many curves; lithe and flexible
sonorous
full, deep, or rich in sound; impressive in style
vanguard
the foremost part of an army; the leading position in any field
wastrel
a wasteful person, spendthrift; a good-for-nothing
allocate
(v.) to set apart or designate for a special purpose; to distribute.
ardent
(adj.) very enthusiastic, impassioned.
assiduous
(adj.) persistent, attentive, diligent.
brash
(adj.) prone to act in a hasty manner; impudent.
capricious
(adj.) subject to whims or passing fancies.
chastise
(v.) to inflict physical punishment as a means of correction; to scold severely.
copious
(adj.) abundant; plentiful; wordy, verbose.
deviate
(v.) to turn aside; to stray from a norm; (n.) one who departs from a norm; (adj.) differing from a norm, heterodox, unconventional.
emaciated
(adj.,part.) unnaturally thin.
exult
(v.) to rejoice greatly.
gnarled
(adj.) knotted, twisted, lumpy.
indemnity
(n.) a payment for damage or loss.
inkling
(n.) a hint; a vague notion.
limpid
(adj.) clear, transparent; readily understood.
omnipotent
(adj.) almighty, having unlimited power or authority.
palatable
(adj.) agreeable to the taste or one's sensibilities; suitable for consumption.
poignant
(adj.) deeply affecting, touching; keen or sharp in taste or smell.
rancor
(n.) bitter resentment or ill-will.
sophomoric
(adj.) immature and overconfident; conceited.
spontaneous
(adj.) arising naturally; not planned or engineered in advance.
animosity
strong dislike; bitter hostility
apathy
a lack of feeling, emotion, or interest
apprehensive
fearful or anxious, especially about the future
commend
to praise, express approval; to present as worthy of attention; to commit to the care of
compatible
able to get along or work well together; capable of use with some other model or system
condolence
an expression of sympathy
consecrate
to make sacred, hallow; to set apart for a special purpose
decrepit
old and feeble; worn-out ruined
deride
to ridicule, laugh at with contempt
ingenuous
innocent, simple; frank, sincere
multifarious
having great variety; numerous and diverse
obsolete
out-of-date, no longer in use
omnivorous
eating every kind of food; eagerly taking in everything, having a wide variety of tastes
parsimonious
stingy, miserly; meager, poor, small
quandary
a state of perplexity or doubt
recalcitrant
stubbornly disobedient, resisting authority
reprisal
an injury done in return for injury
revel
to take great pleasure in; a wild celebration
stultify
to make ineffective or useless, cripple; to have a dulling effect on
suave
smoothly agreeable or polite; pleasing to the senses
abhor
to regard with horror or loathing; to hate deeply
amend
to change in a formal way; to change for the better
buffet
(v.) to slap or cuff; to strike repeatedly; to drive or force with blows; to force one's way with difficulty; (n.) a slap or blow
chaos
great confusion, disorder
commodious
roomy, spacious
corrosive
eating away gradually, acidlike; bitterly sarcastic
discern
to see clearly, recognize
extant
still existing; not exterminated, destroyed, or lost
implicate
to involve in; to connect with or be related to
inter
to bury, commit to the earth; to consign to oblivion
martinet
a strict disciplinarian; a stickler for the rules
obviate
to anticipate and prevent; to remove, dispose of
renegade
(n.) one who leaves a group; a deserter, outlaw; (adj.) traitorous, unconventional, unorthodox
reprehensible
deserving blame or punishment
somber
dark, gloomy; depressed or melancholy in spirit
squalid
filthy, wretched, debased
turbulent
disorderly, riotous, violent; stormy
vociferous
loud and noisy; compelling attention
voluminous
of great size; numerous; writing or speaking at great length
waive
to do without, give up voluntarily, to put off temporarily, defer
adversary
an enemy, opponent
alienate
to turn away; to make indifferent or hostile; to transfer, convey
artifice
a skillful or ingenious device; a clever trick; a clever skill; trickery
coerce
to compel, force
craven
cowardly; a coward
culinary
of or related to cooking or the kitchen
delete
to erase, wipe out, cut out
demise
a death, especially of a person in a lofty position
exhilarate
to enliven, cheer, give spirit or liveliness to
fallow
plowed but not seeded; inactive; reddish-yellow; land left unseeded; to plow but not seed
harass
to disturb, worry; to trouble by repeated attacks
inclement
stormy, harsh; severe in attitude or action
muse
to think about in a dreamy way, ponder
negligible
so unimportant that it can be disregarded
perpetuate
to make permanent or long lasting
precedent
an example that may serve as a basis for imitation or later action
punitive
inflicting or aiming at punishment
redress
to set right, remedy; relief from wrong or injury
sojourn
a temporary stay; to stay for a time
urbane
refined in manner or style, suave
adroit
skillful, experiment in the use of the hands or mind
amicable
peaceable, friendly
averse
having a deep-seated distaste; opposed, unwilling
belligerent
given to fighting, warlike, combative, aggressive; one at war, one engaged in war
benevolent
kindly, charitable
cursory
hasty, not thorough
duplicity
treachery, deceitfulness
extol
to praise extravagantly
feasible
possible, able to be done
grimace
a wry face, facial distortion; to make a wry face
holocaust
a large-scale destruction, especially by fire; a vast slaughter; a burnt offering
impervious
not affected or hurt by, admitting of no passage or entrance
impetus
a moving force, impulse, stimulus
jeopardy
danger
meticulous
extremely careful; particular about details
nostalgia
a longing for something past; homesickness
quintessence
the purest essence or form of something; the most typical example
retrogress
to move backward; to return to an earlier condition
scrutinize
to examine closely
tepid
lukewarm; unenthusiastic; marked by an absence of interest
adulterate
to corrupt, make worse by the addition of something of lesser value
ambidextrous
able to use both hands equally well; very skillful; deceitful, hypocritical
augment
to make larger, increase
bereft
deprived of; made unhappy through a loss
deploy
to position or arrange; to utilize; to form up
dour
stern, unyielding, gloomy, ill-humored
fortitude
courage in facing difficulties
gape
to stare with open mouth; to open the mouth wide; to open wide
gibe
to utter taunting words; an expression of scorn
guise
an external appearance, cover, mask
insidious
intended to deceive or entrap; sly, treacherous
intimation
a hint, indirect suggestion
opulent
wealthy, luxurious; ample; grandiose
pliable
easily bent, flexible; easily influenced
reiterate
to say again, repeat
stolid
not easily moved mentally or emotionally; dull; unresponsive
tentative
experimental in nature; uncertain; hesitant
unkempt
not combed; untidy; not properly maintained; unpolished, rude
verbatim
word for word; exactly as written or spoken
warily
cautiously, with great care
accede
to yield to; to assume an office or dignity
brandish
to wave or flourish in a menacing or vigorous fashion
comprise
to include or contain; to be made of
deft
skillful, nimble
destitute
deprived of the necessities of life; lacking in
explicit
definite, clearly stated
extirpate
to tear up by the roots; to destroy totally
inopportune
coming at a bad time; not appropriate
ironic
suggesting an incongruity between what might be expected and what actually happens; given to irony; sarcastic
musty
stale, moldy; out-of-date
officious
meddling; excessively forward in offering services or assuming authority
ominous
unfavorable, threatening, of a bad omen
pinnacle
a high peak or point
premeditated
considered beforehand, deliberately planned
rampant
growing without check, running wild
solace
comfort, relief; to comfort, console
stately
dignified, majestic
supple
bending easily; bending with agility; readily adaptable; servile
suppress
to stop by force, put down
venal
open to or marked by bribery or corruption
altruistic
unselfish, concerned with the welfare of others
assent
to express agreement; agreement
benefactor
one who does good to others
chivalrous
marked by honor, courtesy, and courage; knightly
clemency
mercy, humaneness, mildness, moderateness
dearth
a lack, scarcity, inadequate supply; a famine
diffident
shy, lacking self-confidence; modest, reserved
discrepancy
a difference; a lack of agreement
embark
to go aboard; to make a start; to invest
facile
easily done or attained; superficial; ready, fluent; easily shown but not sincerely felt
indomitable
unconquerable, refusing to yield
infallible
free from error; absolutely dependable
plod
to walk heavily or slowly; to work slowly
pungent
causing a sharp sensation; stinging, biting
remiss
neglectful in performance of one's duty, carelessness
repose
to rest; lie; place; relaxation, peace of mind, calmness
temerity
rashness, boldness
truculent
fierce and cruel; aggressive; deadly, destructive; scathingly harsh
unfeigned
sincere, real, without pretense
virulent
extremely poisonous, full of malice; spiteful
affiliated
associated, connected
ascertain
to find out
attainment
an accomplishment, the act of achieving
bequeath
to give or pass on as an inheritance
cogent
forceful, convincing; relevant, to the point
converge
to move toward one point, approach nearer together
disperse
to scatter, spread far and wide
esteem
to regard highly; a highly favorable opinion or judgment
expunge
to erase, obliterate, destroy
finite
having limits; lasting for a limited time
invulnerable
not able to be wounded or hurt; shielded against attack
malevolent
spiteful, showing ill will
nonchalant
cool and confident, unconcerned
omniscient
knowing everything; having unlimited awareness or understanding
panacea
a remedy for all ills; cure-all; an answer to all problems
scrupulous
exact, careful, attending thoroughly to details; having high moral standards, principled
skulk
to move about stealthily; to lie in hiding
supercilious
proud and contemptuous; showing scorn because of a feeling of superiority
uncanny
strange, mysterious, weird, beyond explanation
venial
easily excused; pardonable