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Arts and Humanities
SJ CH 1 Study Guide
Terms in this set (41)
True or False? Almost every action people take is aimed at finding justice.
Write St. Augustine's famous prayer
"You have made us for yourself, and our heart is restless until it rests in you."
True or False? Everything in this world works better when it acts in accordance with its nature.
*Summarize five attributes of the human person
1 Humans are made in the image of God (this separates us from ever other being, we are rightly called "persons" because we are made in the image of God)
2 Humans are a union of body and soul (body and soul together are one human nature, the reality of a person's soul is expressed through the body, the soul is eternal)
3 Humans posses free will (can make choices based on more than just instinct and impulse, able to weigh options and foresee consequences)
4 Humans posses a rational intellect(can think in a way animals cannot, engage in self reflection and perform abstract, conceptual reasoning)
5 Humans are able to enter into communion with God and others (humans are capable of going outside themselves to enter into relationships)
Because humans have a _______________ intellect and a weakened will as a result of ___________ _________, it is not only difficult for people to see the ____________ it is often challenging to choose the ____________. However, while Original Sin ___________________ the human soul, the intellect, and ___________, it did not destroy them. Humanity was _____________________ by Christ's Passion, Death, _______________________, and Ascension.
darkened; Original Sin; good; good; wounded; will; transformed; Resurrection
What has God given to each person to combat concupiscence?
the Holy Spirit and his many graces
How does the CCC define society?
A group of persons bound together organically by a principle of unity that goes beyond each one of them
What does it mean to say that the God is an eternal exchange of Persons? What does this suggest about being human?
The Father loves the Son; the Son loves the Father; and the Holy Spirit is that love. Just as the Trinity is an eternal self-gift, you too are called to give of yourself to others.
Everyone is created for _________________ with others and each person's destiny is communion with _________________ himself. Only in __________________ with God can man and woman fully discover the ___________________ and complete meaning of their _________________ and social lives. The more one is like God, the greater is one's ___________________.
communion; God; relationship; authentic; personal; happiness
The Church is in Christ like a sacrament and __________________ both of a very closely knit union with God and of the unity of the whole ____________ ________. She draws her life from Christ and becomes his ___________________. The Church is the source of ___________________ and truth and a ____________________ and sign of the unity to which our human _______________ must aspire.
instrument; human race; Body; salvation; guide; societies
*(Identify and describe which expression of the Church is being described)
The Church must guide her children with maternal care.
The Church is Teacher
the Church was entrusted by her holy Founder the twofold task of giving life to her children and of teaching them and guiding them, both as individ-uals and as nation
*(Identify and describe which expression of the Church is being described) God is our Father and we are united as brothers and sisters.
The Church is the Family of God
This expression of the Church is modeled when you pray the Our Father. Those reborn in Baptism are united as brothers and sisters, with God as their loving Father.
*(Identify and describe which expression of the Church is being described) The Church seeks our common human bond with other communities of faith.
The Church is Listener
Through a true spirit of ecumenism with other faith communities, she always seeks a common bond rooted in what is authen-tically human. The Church helps both individuals and societies to reach their full potential.
*(Identify and describe which expression of the Church is being described) Within the Church there is unity in diversity of members and functions.
The Church is the Mystical Body of Christ
Christ intimately identified himself with his people: "Abide in me, and I in you. . . . I am the vine, you are the branches". And St. Paul boldly proclaimed, "Now you are Christ's body, and individually parts of it". Christ himself who is the source of unity.
*(Identify and describe which expression of the Church is being described) The common goal of all members of the Church is the holiness of its members.
The Church is the Community of Sanctified Believers
through the Church's union with Christ, Catholics also have a common activity: that is, sanctification (to make holy). Those in the Church are not only united in who they are, but also in what they are moving toward.
True or False? God's justice is clearly revealed throughout the Scripture in both the Old and New Testaments.
What does a mature sense of justice seek?
the criminal punished, the good rewarded, and the deprived satisfied
*(Identify and describe which type of justice is described). Applies the ( virtue of justice) Gospel message of Jesus Christ to the structures, systems, and laws of society in order to guarantee the rights of individuals. (defense of human dignity by ensuring that social struc-tures and institutions on all levels—including political, cul-tural, and economic—provide for essential human needs and protect human rights)
*(Identify and describe which type of justice is described). It obliges you to give others what is rightly theirs and calls for fairness in both individual and private agreements. (governs exchanges between individuals and private groups)
*(Identify and describe which type of justice is described). While it does not oppose private ownership of goods, it does require individual citizens to support the common needs of all.
( govern what the greater community owes individuals based on their contribution and needs)
*(Identify and describe which type of justice is described). Involves a citizens' responsibilities to society. (type of justice that governs what individuals owe their country and society)
What are three essential elements of the common good?
(a) Respect for the life and dignity of every person. (b) A commitment to the social well-being and development of the group, especially by ensuring that individuals' basic needs are met. (c) The establishment of a peaceful and just society
True or False? The common good always begins with the needs of society.
The common good is always oriented toward the _____________ of persons. It is the role of the state to _______________ and promote the common good of society and its _______________, an order founded on _________________, built in justice, and animated by _________________. A just society is relentless in its efforts to maintain the __________________ of the human person.
progress; defend; citizens; truth; love; dignity
What is charity?
theological virtue of love for God and neighbor. involves loving God above all things and loving others out of love of God
What are the social implications of loving your neighbor out of love for God?
No one is merely an isolated individual, and the basis of your relations with others is charity; therefore, charity is "at the heart of the Church's social doctrine."
Acts of ________________ do not exclude the acts of _________________, and vice versa. Just as ___________ without works is ______________, so too ________________ without __________________, is empty.
justice; charity; faith; dead; justice; charity
True or False? Because of instinct, you are individually responsible for your acts.
False. free will
What does social sin include?
attitudes, actions, and structures that foster unjust treatment
What was Roe v. Wade?
Supreme Court decision that legalized abortions nationwide
True or False? The root of social sin is always venial sin.
False. personal sin
What is necessary for social sin to be transformed?
each individual must personally reject sin and gravitate toward the truth of the Gospel, accept it, and convert
In what respect do all of the Ten Commandments have a social dimension?
The first three commandments address your relationship with God. The last seven commandments show how you should act in your relationship with others
innermost spiritual part of a person. The subject of human consciousness and freedom. Body and soul together form one human nature
sin of the first human parents, by which they lost their original holiness. Original Sin is transmitted to every person born into the world, except Jesus and Mary
Christ's work of Redemption, accom-plished principally by his Passion, Death, Resurrection, and glorious Ascension. This mystery is commemorated and made present through the sacraments, especially the Eucharist
human inclination toward sin, caused by Original Sin. More specifically, it means "the rebellion of the 'flesh' against the spirit
complete giving-of-self, shown perfectly in the life of the Trinity. The Trinity, as a commu-nion of divine Persons, is a model for human relationships
communion of persons
The cardinal or moral virtue that consists in the constant and firm will to give God and neighbor their due; the actions that flow from that virtue
letter from the Pope to the Church on issues related to human rights, social justice, and peace
effect that every personal sin has on others; sin that violates the freedom, dignity, or rights of others; the collective effect of such sins, which can affect society and its institutions to create structures of sin.
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