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2401 quizzes midterm and final review
Terms in this set (57)
portal vein thrombosis
while scanning a patient for pancreatitis, you follow the normal CBD from the pancreatic head back to its origin in the liver. based on this image at portages hepatic, what is the most likely diagnosis?
while scanning a 54 year old female with a history of recent weight loss and vague abdominal pain, you notice that the liver is heterogenous and contains multiple calcified lesions. this most likely represents mets from which primary cancer?
anterior to the portal vein at the portal hepatis
focal fatty liver is most commonly found in which location?
when scanning a patient with cirrhosis and suspected portal hypertension-- what additional organ size should be assessed?
all of the following are collaterals formed as a result of portal hypertension EXCEPT:
hepatocellular disease is caused by ______ and is treated ______.
you are performing a sonogram on a slender female and notice a long, thin extension of the inferior aspect of the right lobe of the liver. this most likely represents:
the following image was obtained from a patient complaining of general malaise with a low grade fever after returning from her honeymoon in Mexico. what is the most likely diagnosis?
There is a single, homogeneous hyperechoic nodule measuring 3.4 cm in the posterior aspect of the right lobe of the liver. What is the most common etiology of this mass?
Hepatofugal flow in the portal vein is a sign of:
duct of wirsung
What is the term for the main pancreatic duct?
what symptoms is associated with acute cholecystitis?
lateral edge shadowing artifact
You are imaging the transverse gallbladder and notice long shadows extending down from both edges of the gallbladder. What is the etiology of this shadow?
left renal vein
Which structure can be visualized coursing transversely at the level of the upper pancreatic head?
portal vein, bile duct, hepatic artery
What three structures compose the portal triad?
An avascular mass with low-level echoes
What is the sonographic appearance of Tumefactive sludge within the gallbladder?
Intrahepatic portal veins
The best way to identify the intrahepatic biliary system is to image which structures below?
You are attempting to image the pancreatic tail in a patient with bowel gas. What additional approach may you attempt to increase visualization?
Calculus obstruction of the gallbladder neck or cystic duct
What is the most common cause of acute cholecystitis?
CBD is posterior to the head of the pancreas
What is the anatomic relationship of the common bile duct to the pancreas?
Typically, how does a malignant lesion appear on a CEUS exam?
All of the following are associated with portal venous gas EXCEPT
loss of multiphasic waveform
What is the indication seen in the hepatic veins that can indicate rejection of a liver transplant?
What type of liver tumor appears sonographically like a hemangioma but with internal septations and is avascular?
What is the numerical focal increase or decrease in TIPS velocity that indicates stenosis?
What is the most common vascular liver tumor in infancy
What is the most common malignant pediatric liver mass?
Which type of elastography is a non-imaging method that uses the 9th -11th intercostal space as a landmark?
can the tumor be resected? unilateral or bilateral
What are the two most important considerations for a sonographer when scanning a patient with a nephroblastoma?
large asymptomatic mass, hematuria, fever, malaise, htn
List two signs and symptoms in a patient with a Wilms' tumor?
What is the normal sonographic appearance of the renal cortex in comparison to the liver and spleen in a 2-6 month old patient?
renal artery stenosis
A tardus parvus waveform indicates which renal vascular disease?
The normal appearance of the main renal artery is:
The normal resistive index for the renal artery should not exceed:
What is the normal range of the peak systolic velocity of the main renal artery?
All of the below are ultrasound findings of posterior urethral valves Except:
posterior urethral valves
What is the most common cause of urethral obstructions in boys?
To what age are fetal lobulations considered normal?
What is the most common childhood malignant renal tumor?
all of the below are associated with childhood polycystic kidney disease except:
most common cancer to metastasize to the testicle is:
embryonal cell cancer
The most aggressive primary scrotal malignancy that often presents with increased alphafetoprotein and beta-HCG levels is:
What is the fibrous band of tissue that acts as a septum running midline along the scrotum?
elevated white blood cells
Sonographic characteristics of Epididymitis include all of the following except:
The most common cause of the acute painful scrotum is:
7.5-10 MHz linear
What type of transducer is best for a scrotal sonographic examination?
head body tail
what does epididymis consist of
caudal end of prostate
internal iliac arteries
which supplies arterial blood to prostate
prostate formed from what structure
External carotid artery
What is the name of the vessel that the superior thyroid artery arises from?
Which gland in the body is responsible for releasing thyroid stimulating hormone?
a thyrotoxic crisis is associated with what thyroid pathology
all of the following produce diffuse enlargement of thyroid except
affect body metabolism growth and development
thyroglossal duct cyst
This type of thyroid cyst is typically found midline in the neck, but not inside the thyroid tissue.
external carotid artery
The superior thyroid arteries branch off of what vessel?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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pediatric Urinary System 2401
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