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73 terms

jgchapter3historytest

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The essential heresy that caused Anne Hutchinson to be convicted and banished from Massachusetts Bay was her declared belief that
she had recieved a direct revelation from God that the saved did not need to obey either
All of the following were true of Roger Williams except
he was not a Separatist and advocated reconcilitation with the Church of England
The Dutch Colony of New Netherland
was harshly and undemocratically governed
As the head of Dominion of New England, Sir Edmund Andros was all of the following except
a Puritan
Henry VIII aided the entrance of Protestant beliefs into England when he
broke England's ties with the Roman Catholic Church
As a result of England's Glorious Revolution
the Dominion of the New World collapsed
what is predestination?
belief that from the moment of creation some soulds were "saved" and others "damned"
what is conversion?
the sign of reciept of God's free gift of saving grace
what is antinomianism?
belief that those whom God had marked for salvation need not obey secular laws
The event that sparked the colllapse of the Dominion of New England was
the Glorious Rebolution in England
The leader that helped the Pilgrims survive was
William Bradford
After the Pequot War, Purtian efforts to convert Indians to Christianity can best be described as
feeble, not equaling that of the Spanish or the French
The middle colonies were notable for their
unusual degree of democratic control
In Puritan doctrine, the "elect" were also referred to as
"visible saints"
During the early years of colonization in the New World, England
paid little attention to its colonies
The city of New Haven was settled by
Puritans
The Dutch colony of New Netherland (Later New York)
was established for its quick profit of fur trading
People who flouted the authority of the Puritan clergy in massachusetts Bay were subject to which of the following punishments?
all of these: death, banishment, fines, floggings
Compared with the Plymouth Colony, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was
larger and more prosperous economically
As a result of Sir Edmund Andros's rule
all of these: smuggling was suppressed, officials tried to enforce the Navigation Laws, taxes were levied without the consent of elected representatives, the power of town meetings was curbed
Unlike Separatists, the Puritans
remained members of the Church of England
New York and Pennsylvania were similar in that they both
had ethnically mixed populations
King James I opposed the Separatists who wanted to break away entirely from the Church of England because he
realized that if his subjects could defy him as their spiritual leader, they could defy him as their political leader.
One reason that the Massachusetts Bay Colony was not a true democracy is that
only church members could vote for the governor and the General Court
In the Massachussetts "Bible Commonwealth", clergyman
were barred from holding formal political office
As the founder of Rhode Island, Roger Williams
established complete religious freedom for all
As a colony, Rhode Island became known for
individualist and independent attitudes
Puritan doctrine included acceptance of
the idea of a covenant with God
The physical growth of English New York was slowed because
the monopolistic land policies of the aristocrats
The Dominion of New England
all of these: was designed to bolster colonial defense, included all the New England colonies, was created by the English gov. to streamline the admin. of its colonies, eventually included New York and east and west New Jersey
Roger Williams' beliefs included all of the following except
challenging the legality of Massachussetts Bay's charter
The Mayflower Compact can be best described as a
promising step toward genuine self-government
The middle colonies of New York, New Jersey, Penn, and Delaware
had more ethnic diversity thatn either New England or the southern colonies
Economically, the colony of Pennsylvania
became profitable very quickly
Indian policy in early Pennsylvania can be best described as
benevolent
King Philip's War represented
the last major Indian effort to halt New Englanders' encroachment on their lands.
The New England Indians' only hope for resisting English encroachment lay in
intertribal unity agianst the English
The historical significance of the Pilgrims of Plymouth Bay lies in their
moral and spiritual qualities
Settlers of the Connecticut River colony developed a document known as the Fundamental Orders, which
established a regime democratically controlled by "substantial" citizens
One of the traits that made Quakers upopular in England was
their refusal to do military service
All of the following are true of Mrtin Luther except
ther was little notice of his reforms in Europe
When the English gained control over New Netherland
the autocratic spirit survived
Among the Puritans, it was understood that
the purpose of government wass to enforce God's laws
According to Anne Hutchinson, a dissenter in Massachusetts Bay
the truly saved need not bother to obey the laws of God or man
The primary value of the New England Confederation lay in
providing the first small step on the road to intercolonial cooperation
Roger Wiliams based the religious freedom of his colony of Rhode Island on his belief that
civil government had no right to regulate religious behavior or idividual conscience
All of the following were true of the Pilgrims except the
arrived at their original destinations with no casualties
The Separatists migrated from Holland to the New World in order to
avoid the Dutchification of their children
King Phillip's War resulted in
the lasting defeat of New England's Indians
The principal motivation shaping the earliest settlements in New England was
a spirit of adventure and interest in exploring the New World
John Calvin profoundly affected the thought of all the following except
Spanish Armenians
Initially, the Massachusetts Bay Colony enjoyed all of the following advantages except that of
receiving a majority of the Puritans coming to the New World
William Penn's colony of Pennsylvania
actively sought settlers from Germany and other non-British countries
The Indian tribe that the Pilgrim colonists in New England first encountered were the
Wampanoags
Colonists in both the North and the South established differences in all of the following areas except
allegians to England
The New England Confederation
was designed to bolster the colonial defence
All the middle colonies were
notable for their fertile soil
In Calvinist thought, the "conversion" was
a personal experience when God revealed an individual's heavenly destiny
dominant religious group in Massachusetts Bay
Puritans
Radical founder of the most tolerant New England colony
Roger Williams
Indian leader who waged an unsuccessful war against New England's white colonists
King Philip
Reformer whose religious ideas inspired English Puritans, Scotch Presbyterians, French Huguenots, and Dutch Reformed
John Calvin
Conqueror of new Sweden who later lost New Netherland to the English
Peter Stuyvesant
Colony whose gov. sought to enforce God's law on belivers and unbelievers alike
Mass Bay colony
Promoter of Mass Bay as a holy "city upon a hill"
John Winthrop
German monk who started Protestant revolution
Martin Luther
Religious group persecuted in Mass and NY but NOT in Pen.
Quakers
Dissenting religious group first founded in RI by Roger Williams
Baptists
Founder of the most tolerant and democratic of the middle colonies
William Penn
Religious dissenter convicted of the heresy of antinomianism
Anne Hutchinson
Small colony that eventually merged into Mass Bay
Plymouth
Representative assembly of Mass Bay
General Court
Wapanoag chieftain who befriended English colonists
Massasoit