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Terms in this set (84)
The first Americans migrated from Siberia to Alaska across a land Bridge called
To move from one place and establish a home in a new place.
The term for the physical surroundings in a place, including land, water, animals, plants and climate?
The useful materials found in nature, including water, vegetation, animals, and minerals.
p.7 natural resources
A people's way of life, including beliefs, customs, food, dwellings, and clothing.
This man traveled to Asia with this father and spent 17 years in China and returned with stories of silk, spices, and gold.
p.25 Marco Polo
The first Europeans to reach the east coast of North America were the
The Portuguese ruler that started a navigation school and encouraged exploration was
Henry the Navigator.
the first European explorer to discover and claim lands in the Americas for Spain.
p.26 _Christopher Columbus_
Pope Alexander VI drew an imaginary Line of Demarcation dividing the Atlantic Ocean between which of the two European countries?
Portugal and Spain
What did the Treaty of Tordesillas do?
Moved the Line of Demarcation 800 miles further west
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and people across the Atlantic Ocean between Europe and the Americas.
p.27 The Colombian Exchange
The Spanish conquistador who captured the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan and took Montezuma as prisoner.
p.28_ Hernán Cortés
The Spanish conquistador who conquered the Inca Empire of Peru in 1519.
In 1512 which European explorer discovered the coast of present-day Florida and searched for the mythical Fountain of Youth?
p.30____ Ponce de León
The oldest permanent settlement founded by Spanish Europeans in the U.S.
p.31____ St. Augustine
Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the globe?
England's first attempt to establish a colony in North America in 1580 also known as the Lost Colony?
p.35___ Roanoke Colony
The first permanent English settlement in North America in 1607
. p.35_ Jamestown, Virginia
Pocahontas married the man who introduced a new type of tobacco to Jamestown.
Dutch merchants started New Netherland in the colonies which later became __.
A legal contract in which the Pilgrims agreed to have fair laws to protect the general good. It was one of the first attempts at self-government in the English colonies.
p.51 Mayflower Compact
. He led a group of Puritans who left England for Massachusetts in 1630 seeking religious freedom.
p.51__ John Winthrop
The king presided over the Church of England also called the ____Church.
p.51_____ Henry VIII
The Fundamental Orders of ___was the first written plan of government written by Thomas Hooker.
p.53__ the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
A Quaker leader who established a colony with the goal of fair government for all
. p.55___William Penn
A philosopher who thought that people had natural rights such as equality and liberty.
John Locke p.__
A person who signs a contract to work 3-6 years to those who paid their journey to America.
Indentured Servant p.47
What was the central dispute between Britain and the American colonies?
The power to tax the colonies p.
An agreement made in 1215 listing the rights granted by King John to all free men of the kingdom
. p.68 Magna Carta
The lawmaking body of England, consisting of representatives from throughout the
. p.68_ Parliament
An Act passed by Parliament in 1689 that limited the monarch's power by giving certain powers to Parliament and listing specific rights of the citizens.
p.68 English Bill of Rights
. A privilege that belongs to people as citizens that cannot be taken away by the government
. p.68 rights
. The exchange of goods and people between Europe, West Africa, and the Americas
p.70 Triangular trade
The voyage of enslaved Africans across the Atlantic to the Americas.
p.70 middle passage
A revival of religious belief in the colonies that began in the 1730's and spread ideas of liberty and
A revival of religious belief in the colonies that began in the 1730's and spread ideas of liberty and equality.
p.71_ The Great Awakening
. Colonists who chose to side with the British.
Colonists who chose to support independence.
Why was the French and Indian War fought?
p.88 French built forts in Ohio Country-Britain claimed the land
What was the result of the French and Indian War? Who gained land and who lost land?
p.87 Britain wins. France lost their land in North America to Britain.
Why did Great Britain raise taxes in the American colonies?
p.87 To pay for the French and Indian War
After the French & Indian War, King George III and Parliament viewed the American colonies as a
source of revenue.p.88
The first political cartoon "Join or Die" compares the colonies lack of unity with a snake cut into pieces. This was used to promote The Albany Plan of Union in 1754 created by
Ben Franklin. p.89
This Act banned colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains.
p.90 Proclamation of 1763
This Act taxed almost all printed material in the colonies.
p.91 Stamp Act
What act required colonists to furnish the soldiers with "candles, firing, bedding, cooking utensils, salt,
vinegar, and ... beer or cider?"
p.92 Quartering Act
This Act taxed glass, paint, paper, and tea imported from Britain to the colonies
. p.92 Townshend Acts
What is the term for refusing to buy goods from a certain source?
During this incident, British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists, killing five people. The British Crown found two soldiers guilty of killing people by accident.
p.93 Boston Massacre
Anti-British feelings grew because of Paul Revere's engraving of which event.
p.93 Boston Massacre
At what event did the Sons of Liberty dress up as Indians and board ships to dump --- into Boston Harbor?
What Act closed the Port of Boston, cancelled Massachusetts' charter, and increased colonist' anger of the King.
p.97 Coercive Acts / Intolerable Acts
Who rode to John Hancock and Samuel Adams that the British were coming?
What was the "shot heard 'round the world" that started the American Revolution?
p.99 Battle of Lexington & Concord
Who was selected as commander of the Continental Army?
p.108-109 George Washington
How did the Battle of Bunker Hill end?
p.108 The British won the battle, but at a heavy cost.
Who would have supported the Olive Branch Petition: patriot or loyalist?
p.110 _ Loyalist
Who wrote Common Sense that criticized the monarchy and persuaded colonists to support independence from Britain?
p.110 Thomas Paine
Who wrote the draft of the Declaration of Independence and when was the final version approved by the Second Continental Congress?
.110,113__ Thomas Jefferson wrote the draft and on July 4th, 1776
What are the four sections of the DOI?
__The Preamble, Natural Rights, List of Grievances, Resolution of Independence
What are grievances and how many were listed in the DOI against the king?
p.595 complaints, 27
The first person to sign the Declaration of Independence was
John Hancock. p.597
Who had the DOI read to the Continental Army?
What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Continental Army?
p.120___Strengths are that they had a lot of patriotism, had allies across the seas(French), and had a great commander. Weaknesses were that they were short of men, many weren't trained for battle, and they didn't have a lot of supplies
What were the British strengths and weaknesses?
p.121____Strengths- had professional army, lots of supplies, but their weakness was that the king and the monarchs couldn't really convince the British to support them, Britain was far from America, and that they had poor leadership.
Which side retreated when Americans and British met in Brooklyn, New York on Aug. 27, 1776?
p.123_Washington and his army_
George Washington also had the "The Crisis" read to the troops from a pamphlet stating "These are the times that try men's souls" written by
Thomas Paine. p.124
The Emanuel Leutze painting shows George Washington crossing the Delaware River on his way to which battle?
p.124__Battle of Trenton
What battle was the "Turning Point of the Revolution?"
In the winter of 1777 the harsh weather and lack of supplies killed 2,000 soldiers from disease and malnutrition.
p.126 During Valley Forge
Who did George Washington put in charge of training the Continental Army?
p.127 Baron Friedrich von Steuben
Who was the French nobleman who helped the Patriots fight the British?
p.126 -127_ Marquis de Lafayette
Who urged her husband to "remember the ladies?"
The Patriots owed much of their success on the seas to which naval hero?
John Paul Jones
Who was a patriot traitor during the American Revolution?
Who was known as the Swamp Fox for his tactics of ambushing the British from the marshes of the South?
p.128__ Francis Marion
The Americans with the aid of the French, were able to surround the British by using forces on both land and sea during this final battle.
Which British General surrenders to the Patriots at the last major battle of the Revolution on Oct. 19,1781.
p.130__ General Charles Cornwallis
The peace agreement known as the __, Great Britain recognizes the independence of the United States and sets America's borders from the Mississippi River on the west to the Atlantic Ocean on the East.
p.132___ The Treaty of Paris
The 1783 Treaty of Paris included a separate treaty signed between Britain and Spain, which gave Florida to
After the war George Washington returns to his home at
Mount Vernon. p.134
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