US History, Semester 2 (5)

US companies stopped investing in Germany
European economies were hurt during the Depression when
The dust bowl
A major environment crisis of the 1930s was known as
In 1933, the twenty-first amendment brought and end to
the responsibilities of the federal government
The 1932 presidential election served as a turning point in the way Americans viewed
More goods were being produced than consumers could buy
What was a sign of an unsound economy during the 1920s?
the federal government should try to fix people's problems
A fundamental disagreement between the candidates in the 1932 presidential election concerned whether or not
could not return depositors' money
After the Crash, thousands of American banks closed, because they
all levels of society
During the depression, wage cuts and unemployment eventually affected
could not pay their mortgages
Many farms were auctioned off when farmers
Keep bids low
What did some people agree to do when a foreclosed farm was auctioned?
the empire state building
What was one dramatic symbol of hope during the Depression?
provide government credit to banks
The reconstruction finance corporation aimed to
used force
To get the bonus army marchers to leave the capital, General MacArthur
a New Deal for Americans
Roosevelt easily won the 1932 presidential election by promising
to inspect the financial health of banks
Why did FDR declare a 'bank holiday' early in his administration?
National Recovery Administration (NRA)
What New Deal agency was created to help businesses?
a wave of legislation including more social welfare benefits
What was the Second New Deal?
They manipulated people with half-truths and scare tactics
Why are Huey Long and Father Charles E Coughlin referred to as demagogues?
FDR's attempt to 'pack' the supremes court
What aroused the greatest opposition?
a restored sense of hope among the people
What was part of the New Deal legacy?
pushed Congress to pass legislation to improve the economy
In his first few months in office, President Roosevelt
actively and aggressively promoting the New Deal
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt defied tradition by
going too far in its attempts to reform the economy
Many republicans criticized the New Deal for
increased federal borrowing
The recession of 1937 was caused in part by
He pushed Congress to pass legislation to improve the economy
What best characterizes Roosevelt's first hundred days in office?
By giving financial assistance to farmers
How did Roosevelt's programs help farmers?
He won by a landslide
What best describes Roosevelt's bid for re-election in 1936?
some short-term economic improvement
The massive government spending of the New Deal led to
Civilian Conservation Corps.
All of the following New Deal agencies still endure today except the
shanty towns built by the homeless during the Great Depression
Black Tuesday
October 29, 1929
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
1930 import tax, the highest in history
Twenty first amendment
The _____ , ratified in 1933, repealed the ban on alcoholic beverages
John Maynard Keynes
Economist who believed that massive government spending programs could revive a failing economy
New Deal
Roosevelt's program of relief, recovery, and reform
Wagner Act
Legislation that allowed collective bargaining and set up a National Labor Relations Board
Hundred days
Early in his administration, FDR pushed many programs through Congress in the period known as the ______ _______
Tennessee Valley Authority
The ______ provided new jobs, cheap electric power, flood control, and recreation for its region
Social Security System
Funded through contributions from employers and worker, the ______ established several types of social insurance
New Deal
Roosevelt's program of relief, recovery, and reform
Public works program
government-funded projects to build public facilities
Tennessee Valley authority
project that helped farmers and created jobs by re-activating hydroelectric power facility
an alliance of groups with similar goals
national debt
the total amount of borrowed money the federal government has yet to pay back
American Liberty League
group that spearheaded much of the opposition to the New deal