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Chapter 4 Life Science Study Guide
Terms in this set (22)
The cell wall of plant cells is made of blank
Having membrane-covered organelles is a characteristic of blank cells.
The information for how to make proteins is located in the blank.
The two organelles that can generate ATP in a plant cell are blank and blank.
mitochondria and chloroplasts
Vesicles that will transport materials out of the cell are formed at the blank.
What is NOT found in animal cells
Different blank work together in an organ.
What refers to all of the organisms in a particular area?
The scientist who said that all cells come from cells was named
Which of the following are not covered by a membrane?
d)none of the above
Which of the following contain enzymes that can break down particles in vesicles?
d)none of the above
Why are most cells so small?
Cells must be small to have a large surface-to-volume ratio.
What five characteristics of mitochondria suggest that they may have originated as bacteria?
Mitochondria have a double membrane, possess their own ribosomes, contain circular DNA, divides like bacteria, and are about the same size as bacteria.
Three parts of the cell theory are
1. All things are made up of one or more cells
2. The basic unit of structure and function in living things are cells
3.Cells come from other cells
contains the cell's DNA and is the control center of the cell
the site where amino acids are hooked together to make proteins
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
makes lipids, breaks down drugs, and packages up proteins for release from cell
breaks down food molecules to make ATP(ENERGY)
make food using the energy of sunlight
processes and transports materials out of the cell
stores water and other materials
digests excess products and food particles
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