BJU Life Science, Chapter 9, 4th Edition

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Terms in this set (33)
protozoanAn animal-like organism in the kingdom ProtistaalgaeA plantlike organism in the kingdom ProtistahyphaeThe long, slender filamentous cells of a fungussporesOne way that fungi asexually reproducesaprophyteFeeds on dead organic matterparasiteFeed off of a living hostproducerMakes its own food using chlorophyll through photosynthesisconsumerGets food from an outside sourcearchaebacteriaprokaryotic, unicellular, microscopic, can live in extreme environmentsbacteriaprokaryotic, unicellular or colonial, microscopic, some have flagella, live in non-extreme environmentsWhy are viruses not classified in a kingdom?They are not living organisms.2 virus exampleschicken pox, coronavirus, flu, HIVlytic cycleHow a virus reproduces: it attaches to a living cell and injects its genetic material into it; the host cell reproduces this genetic material; the host cell is destroyed and releases virus particlesKingdom Protista characteristicsEukaryotic (has a nucleus and organelles) Unicellular or multicellular "Catch-all" kingdom Can have flagella or cilia Heterotrophs or autotrophsKingdom Protista examplesEuglena, protozoa, paramecium, kelp, algaeprotozoan characteristicsanimal-like protists can move with flagella, cilia or pseudopods consumers reproduction can be asexual through mitosis or sexual through conjugationprotozoan examplesamoeba, parameciumalgae characteristicsplant-like protists some can move with flagella, but most are unable to move themselves producers reproduction can be asexual through fragmentation or sexual through conjugationalgae examplesplankton, kelp, spirogyraKingdom Fungi characteristicsEukaryotic unicellular or multicellular contain a cell wall heterotrophs decomposers, parasitesKingdom Fungi examplesYeast, mushrooms, black bread moldBe able to draw pictures of bacteria shapesSee pp. 185-186 in textbookBe able to label parts of a mushroomSee Figure 9-19 on p. 197 in textbook