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History Unit 5
Terms in this set (29)
1862 - Provided free land in the West to anyone willing to settle there and develop it. Encouraged westward migration.
Treaty of Ft. Laramie (1868)
US government agreed not to build a road through Sioux territory and abandon three forts if the Sioux agree to live on a reservation supported by US government. The Black Hills were also guaranteed to belong to the Sioux.
Little Big Horn
General Custer and his men were wiped out by a coalition of Sioux and Cheyenne Indians led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse in 1876.
1887 law that distributed reservation land to individual Native American owners and attempted to assimilate Native Americans into America's culture.
the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another.
In 1890, after killing Sitting Bull, the 7th Cavalry rounded up Sioux at this place in South Dakota and 300 Natives were murdered and only a baby survived.
A Scottish-born American industrialist and philanthropist who founded the Carnegie Steel Company in 1892. By 1901, his company dominated the American steel industry.
John D. Rockefeller
He established the Standard Oil Company, the greatest, wisest, and meanest monopoly known in history.
Practice where a single entity controls the entire process of a product, from the raw materials to distribution.
Type of monopoly where a company buys out all of its competition.
Gospel of Wealth
This was a book written by Carnegie that described the responsibility of the rich to be philanthropists. Softened the idea of "robber barons" because the rich were giving money back to society.
Refers to the industrialists or big business owners who gained huge profits by paying their employees extremely low wages. They also drove their competitors out of business by selling their products cheaper than it cost to produce it. Then when they controlled the market, they hiked prices high above original price.
Chinese Exclusion Act
(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.
Quota System (Immigration)
a system, originally determined by legislation in 1921, of limiting by nationality the number of immigrants who may enter the U.S. each year.
United States general who was killed along with all his command by the Sioux at the battle of Little Bighorn (1839-1876).
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence.
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers.
Ship that explodes off the coast of Cuba in Havana harbor and helps contribute to the start of the Spanish-American War.
Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico
Territory gained by the U.S. as a result of the Spanish-American War.
25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism. Is assassinated by an anarchist.
"Rough Rider" during the Spanish American War; expansionist policies as President increased the U.S. role in Latin America and the world; reasserted the Monroe Doctrine.
Protectorate of the United States after the Spanish-American War.
1870s - 1890s; time period looked good on the outside, despite the corrupt politics & growing gap between the rich & poor.
American Indian Wars
Conflicts between Plains Indians and the US government over the issue of land and reservations in the late 1800's.
Banker who buys out Carnegie Steel and renames it to U.S. Steel. Was a philanthropist in a way; he gave all the money needed for WWI and was payed back. Was one of the "Robber barons"
Robber baron. A railroad owner who built a railway connecting Chicago and New York. He popularized the use of steel rails in his railroad, which made railroads safer and more economical.
Sherman Antitrust Act
1890 law banning monopolies in the US.
White Man's Burden
the task that white colonizers believed they had to impose their civilization on the black inhabitants of their colonies.
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