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Sociology - MODULE 1
Terms in this set (25)
The pioneering sociologist who studied patterns of suicide in Europe was ___________.
A simplified description unfairly applied to every person in the same category is called __________.
Among the historical changes that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline was _________.
the rise of the industrial economy and growth of cities
Unlike simple stereotypes, sociological generalizations ______________.
are based on all available facts
By stating that the sociological perspective shows us "the strange in the familiar," the text argues that sociologists ____________.
reject the familiar idea that people simply decide how to act in favor of the initially strange idea that society shapes our lives
A social-exchange analysis states that ___________.
people typically seek mates who offer as much as they do
The theoretical approach in sociology that assumes society is a complex system whose parts work together to promotes solidarity and stability is the ______________.
Looking at the operation of U.S. schools guided by the social-conflict approach might lead a sociologist to conclude that ___________.
our society provides some students with far better schooling than others
Who helped launch the discipline of sociologist by studying the evils of slavery and also by translating the writings of Auguste Comte?
Understanding the differences between countries encourages _____________.
increasing our understanding of both of our own lives and the lives of others
Unrecognized and unintended consequences of a social pattern are called __________.
Robert Merton explained that what is functional for people in one category of a society's population _____________.
may not be functional for people in another category
Which research method asks subjects to respond to a series of items in a questionnaire or an interview?
A statement that explains how and why specific facts are related is called a(n) ____________.
Sociologists cannot identify "laws of society" that allows us to precisely predict the behavior of an individual because _________.
human behavior may be patterned, but it is also spontaneous
Which of the following statements best illustrates the career advantage a person gains by studying sociology?
A police officer understands which categories of people are at high risk of becoming victims of crime.
Which discipline defines itself as "the systematic study of human society"?
To evaluate a theory using evidence, sociologists _________.
gather data or facts
The ancient Romans saw the stars as being gods. Auguste Comte would classify Roman society as being in which of the following stages of history?
Building social relationships and creating tens of thousands of jobs are two of the _________ of sports.
A criticism of the symbolic-interaction approach is that it ____________.
says little about the influence of structural factors such as culture, class, gender, and race.
A small number of people that are used to represent a much larger population is called a _____________.
A manifest function of sports is __________.
providing recreation and physical conditioning
The "framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change" is the ___________.
In the process of measurement, reliability refers to ____________.
whether repeating the measurement yields consistent results.
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