57 terms

medical terminology for coders

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albuminuria
Presence of serum protein in the urine
, the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine
antidiuretic
Pertaining to a medication that decreases urine secretion
anuria
Without the formation of urine
bacteriuria
Presence of bacteria in the urine
calciuria
Presence of calcium in the urine
cystectomy
Surgical excision of the bladder or part of the bladder
cystitis
Inflammation of the bladder
cystocele
Hernia of the bladder that protrudes into the vagina
cystodynia
Pain in the bladder; commonly called cystalgia
cystogram
X-ray record of the bladder
cystolithectomy
Surgical excision of a stone from the bladder
cystoscope
Instrument used for examination of the bladder
dialysis
Procedure to separate waste material from the blood and to maintain fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance in impaired kidney function or in the absence of the kidney
diuresis
Condition of increased or excessive flow of urine; occurs in conditions such as diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, and acute renal failure; also produced by diuretics
dysuria
Difficult or painful urination
enuresis
Condition of involuntary emission of urine; also called bedwetting
glomerular
Pertaining to the glomerulus
glomerulitis
Inflammation of the renal glomeruli
glomerulonephritis
Inflammation of the kidney involving primarily the glomeruli
glycosuria
Presence of glucose in the urine
hematuria
Presence of blood in the urine
hydronephrosis
Condition in which urine collects in the renal pelvis because of an obstructed outflow thereby forming distention and atrophy of the kidney; can be caused by renal calculi, tumor, or hyperplasia of the prostate gland
hypercalciuria
Excessive amount of calcium in the urine
incontinence
Inability to hold or control urination or defecation
ketonuria
Presence of ketones in the urine resulting from breakdown of fats due to faulty carbohydrate metabolism; also called ketoacidosis
meatotomy
Incision of the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening
micturition
Process of urination
nephrectomy
Surgical excision of a kidney
nephritis
Inflammation of the kidney
nephrocystitis
Inflammation of the bladder and the kidney
nephrolith
Kidney stone, calculus
nephrology
Study of the kidney
nephroma
Kidney tumor
nephropathy
Disease of the kidney
nephrosclerosis
Condition of hardening of the kidney
nocturia
Excessive urination during the night
oliguria
Scanty urination
periurethral
Pertaining to around the urethra
polyuria
Excessive urination
pyelolithotomy
Surgical incision into the renal pelvis for removal of a stone
pyelonephritis
Inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis
pyuria
Pus in the urine
renal
Pertaining to the kidney
trigonitis
Inflammation of the trigone of the bladder
uremia
Excess of urea, creatinine, and other nitrogenous end products of protein and amino acid metabolism accumulated in the blood; refers to the syndrome associated with end-stage renal failure; also called azotemia
ureterocolostomy
Surgical implantation of the ureter into the colon
ureteropathy
Disease of the ureter
ureteroplasty
Surgical repair of the ureter
urethralgia
Pain in the urethra
urethroperineal
Pertaining to the urethra and perineum
urinal
Container, toilet, or bathroom fixture into which one urinates
urinalysis
Analysis of urine; separating of the urine for examination to determine the presence of abnormal elements
urination
Process of voiding urine
urinometer
Instrument used to measure the specific gravity of urine
urobilin
Brown pigment formed by the oxidation of urobilinogen; may be formed in the urine after exposure to air
urologist
Physician who specializes in the study of the urinary system
urology
Study of the urinary system