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Arts and Humanities
MUS 307 Exam 2: Set 1 of 2
A list of the first row "Genres, themes, terms, people, ideas" provided on the 2nd review sheet online.
Terms in this set (22)
Brill Building approach
Artist was not at the center of the process
Return to the way business had been done pre-rock
Lieber and Stoller
Songwriting and producing partners; first to surround black music with elaborate production values; style of music had a big impact on Doo-Wop, doo-Wop produced a lot of one hit wonders, they would find someone who could sing it and they couldn't find any other songs for them to sing. Associated with songwriting for Elvis Presley and the Coasters.
"Polish" of Black Pop
Flourished in the 1970s under Atlantic records, maintained a high level of crossover appeal, included motown sound, the new philadelphia sound, and black romantic music. Allowed Black musicians to enter the mainstream pop sound 1964-1970.
American songwriter, record producer, and singer. His songs achieved their greatest success in the 1950s and 60s, and were recorded by Elvis Presley, The Beatles, The Jackson 5, B.B. King, Dusty Springfield, and others. As a producer, he helped create the signature sound of the girl group The Shirelles under Sceptre Records
Gold Star Studios
A major independent recording studio in LA; Spector' preferred recording studio; studio musicians he worked with here became known as the "wrecking crew"; Wall of Sound recording took place here.
Wall of Sound
A music production technique for pop and rock music recordings developed by record producer Phil Spector in the 1960s. To attain this signature sound, Spector gathered large groups of musicians playing orchestrated parts- often doubling and tripling many instruments playing in unison, for a fuller sound.**
"controlling genius" producer
Name given to Phil Spector; a producer, he was characterized as an eccentric genius who followed nothing but his own artistic impulses in creating innovative and ambitious records.
Doo wop covers of TPA songs and black crossover groups [needs revision?]
Leader/formed the beach boys; writer, arranger, producer, performer; modeled after spector; musical innovator; recording studio wizard
1966- progressive; arguably rock's 1st concept album; modest seller, but huge impact on musicians; inspired Sgt Pepper; reflected Brian Wilson's increasing interest in studio production
A method of recording where each instrument (or group of instruments) is recorded onto a separate track and later combined into a stereo mix. Common formats include 4, 8, 16 and 24-track recording; separate recordings combined create a "cohesive whole"
A surf-rock guitarist, known as "The King of the Surf Guitar". He experimented with reverberation and made use of custom made Fender amplifiers, including the first-ever 100-watt guitar amplifier. His music became famous in the 1990's, when his recording of "Misirlou" from 1962 was used as the opening music in the hit Film Pulp fiction 4. Best example of instrumental surf music
Wrote "Walk, Don't Run" and "Out of Limits", earliest instrumental group to become popular in surf culture; influential to the surf rock sound; one of their songs is the theme of "Hawaii-Five-O"
(1910-1987) Arranged Goodman's first recording dates, influential jazz enthusiast and promoter, A&R man with Columbia records, helped Bessie Smith, Billie Holliday, Bob Dylan, Bruce Springsteen and plenty others with contracts for Columbia.
Rock n' Roll coming to the United States from England, with bands such as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, and The Who during the 1960's.
Skiffle and Lonnie Donegan
Skiffle: Popular music with jazz, blues, folk, roots and country influences, usually using homemade or improvised instruments. Originating as a term in the United States in the first half of the twentieth century, it became popular again in the UK in the 1950s, where it was mainly associated with musician Lonnie Donegan and played a major part in beginning the careers of later eminent jazz, pop, blues, folk and rock musicians.
- "King of Skiffle" and is often cited as a large influence on the generation of British musicians who became famous in the 1960s.
- Britain's most successful and influential recording artist before The Beatles
Rock group from Liverpool, England, who dominated American popular music during the mid-1960s and started the "British Invasion." The band included John Lennon and George Harrison on lead and rhythm guitars and vocals, Paul McCartney on bass and vocals, and Ringo Starr on drums and occasional vocals.
Became the Beatles manager in 1961, he was the manager of the nearby NEMS record store. He is responsible for the boys upscale mohair matching suits, white shirts, thin ties and mop top haircuts.
The producer who helped shape the sound of the Beatles; considered one of the greatest producers of all time.
Where the Beatles' played in Liverpool M-F lunchtime and additionally; their first manager, Epstein, first heard them there.
Beach Boys vs. Beatles
One group was an American Rock Band and were family oriented, had complicated harmonies that sounded simple. The other was a British Invasion rock band. Both had a central leader, Brian Wilson and John Lennon. Both were influenced by Chuck Berry and other African American artists. Both were pretty innovative for the time, Pet Sounds provided competition for one band, which they responded to with Sgt. Pepper's.
The Beatles' turn to a more folk rock sound; includes "Norwegian Wood," which features a sitar; the "transformation album" of the Beatles that showed a gradual increase in experimentation, providing a transition from the Beatles' early period to their mature style; had the "Bob Dylan" sound.
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