benefit given by gov't to groups or individuals ($ or tax reduction), considered to be in public interest
help out the rich by not taxing them and benefits (jobs) will trickle down to all the classes
"the costs and burdens of whatever is done must be borne by those least able to bear them" (basically the poor people are left with the burdens)
foreign-policy (trunk decision)
power among various groups and interests, fluid, not concentrated a situation in which different groups live in mutual respect but retain their racial, religious, or ethnic identities
emphasizes that the people have the ultimate power (elect representatives who are responsive to the peoples wishes but dont always do so
the most important positions in society( 3 sections: political, economic and military) they all have common interests and goals
big corporations dominate small businesses
think-tanks, foundations,& universities, "Research" , creates and writes legislation.
candidate selection process
they pay for the campaigns of the candidates hoping to have someone that will support the upper class when elected
think we are giving consent, but we are really just being told
over emphasis of importance of certificates or degree to show skills and level of education
practical skills relating to occupation at hand
a method of studying in which lectures are broadcast or classes are conducted by correspondence or over the Internet, without the student's needing to attend a school or college
undermining.. seeking to distrupt/rebel against established system or institution
The plan implemented by a company to generate revenue and make a profit from operations
a system of stratification in which rank is based purely on achievement
this theory directly coincides with the banking method, where educators "deposit" the material that's going to be tested on into the students' heads, and then students "flush" out the material for the test. Once the test is over, the knowledge is usually "flushed" down the toilet.
legitimation crisis occurs when a governing structure still retains the legal authority by which to govern, but is not able to demonstrate that its practical functioning fulfills the end for which it was instituted.
this has to do with the creation of the mechanism of journalism/media that is independent of the government. This is usually not the case anymore, since the advent of huge for-profit media conglomerates has taken over