Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Humanistic model

*Abraham Maslow- man's hierarchy of needs to understand human behavior
*believed that it was important to study people who are well adjusted, not just people who are maladjusted
*believed that people are in control of their own behavioral choices, which are determined by underlying values rather than the external environment

Physiologic survival

*people at most basic level, struggling for survival, working to obtain food, oxygen, and rest; maintaining physiologic stability
*if needs unmet, person could die; meeting them only partially causes personal discomfort

Safety, security, and self-preservation

*satisfying needs is important to provide structure, predictability, and protection to person's life
*if needs go unmet, person will experience separation, anxiety and fear of self-harm

Love and belonging

*being part of social groups and organizations allows a person to develop mutually fulfilling relationships
*if need unmet will exhibit loneliness and experience feelings of alienation

Esteem and recognition

*person must feel like a worthwhile, contributing member of society; giving service to professional organization, serving on boards, etc
*If need for esteem and recognition goes unfulfilled , feelings of inferiority and helplessness will result


*to be self-actualized is to be fulfilled; people who know who they are, appreciate what they can do, face life's challenges confidently, have realistic expectations of themselves and others, healthy sense of humor
*if needs for self-actualization go unmet, person will experience loss of self-esteem and self-confidence

Aesthetic needs

*need for truth, harmony, beauty, spirituality
*people who have become self-actualized will seek these needs
*frustration of needs can result in dissatisfaction and restlessness

Nursing implications of humanistic model

*lower-level needs must be met before higher-level needs can emerge
*nurses must do a needs assessment, which enables them to determine appropriate intervention strategies for assisting patients to meet unmet needs
*people can choose to fulfill unmet needs but sometimes require assistance

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording