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COMM 10: Self-Disclosure
Terms in this set (13)
I- ntentional verbal communication aimed at another person in which reciprocity is a important
- involves expression of one's private thoughts, feelings
- Open self
- Hidden self
- Blind self
- Unknown self
Four types of self
Type of self // Public knowledge of what you know about you and others know about you, or something others can tell by looking at you or something you air publicly
Type of self // What you know about you, but others do not know
- Ex: Experiences and beliefs that you keep to yourself.
Type of self // What others know about you, but you do not know about you
- Ex: obnoxious personality trait that one is unaware of.
Type of self //
what others do not know about you and you do not know about you, either.
best way to understand this is to think about the unconscious or subconscious mind
- Ex: there may be something deep in your psyche like a rough childhood resulting in a hatred of father figures.
hidden self to the open self---this happens in self-disclosure
What movement are we most concerned about?
- Impression formation
- Relationship maintenance and enhancement
- Social control
- Manipulative reasons
Reasons for self-disclose?
lie, equivocate, hint, or be silent.
4 Alternatives to self-disclosure?
- Influences self-disclosure
- Cognitive bias in which our judgements of a person's character can be influenced by our overall impression of them, and can be positive or negative.
- Ex: if the first time you meet someone, you see them helping a lady across the street, you may come to a conclusion that this is a good person and that will influence your future opinion of them.
When we first meet and get to know people, we tend to only self-disclose positive information about ourselves. We may wait to reveal our darker side after we know the other person so they won't reject us.
- Ex: On a first date you are on your best behavior and reveal nothing about yourself that might give a negative impression.
How does the halo-effect influence our self-disclosure?
Influences self-disclosure //
In the United States there are norms for reciprocity.
- Ex: If your friend is telling you about his relationship problems, it is normative to relate some similar experiences from your romantic life. On the other hand, there are norms that suggest that it is not appropriate to spill your guts to complete strangers.
- Americans are high self-disclosers due to their individualistic culture. Make fewer distinctions between personal and casual relationships. Tend to be more open to strangers.
- But Japanese are not and in fact go to extremes to hide unfavorable information to outsiders. They have a more collectivist culture, so less self-disclosure.
- For the Japanese, there is a great difference in communication with family and close friends as opposed to that with other people. They generally do not reach out to strangers and ignore others on the street.
Give an example of how culture influences self-disclosure.
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