Upgrade to remove ads
Crime & Mental Disorders
Terms in this set (10)
•Father of American Psychology
•Signed Declaration of Independence
•Physician at Pennsylvania Hospital
•Most influential promoters of asylum construction
•Proposed alternatives to chains such as tranquilizer chair.
•First psychiatric textbook in America
•Taught mental illness a disease and not demonic possession
Who was Benjamin Rush (1745-1813)?
Closing of the majority of psychiatric hospitals in the U.S. which began in the 1950
oLoss of 95% of hospital beds that were once available for patients with chronic and severe mental disorders
What was deinstitutionalization?
Individuals with mental illness became eligible for the federal financial assistance which was a significant factor which accelerated deinstitutionalization in 1963.
What was the significance of Supplementary Security Income?
A study in 1939 maintaining that an inverse relationship exists between the number of mental hospital beds and the number of prisoners
· As the number of available mental hospital beds decrease, the number of prison inmates increase
What was the Penrose 1937 publication?
1. Asylum Period
3. Community Mental Health Movement
▫mid 1900s to present
What are the three modern periods of reform of the treatment of individuals with mental disorders in the U.S.?
· Began in early-mid 1900s
· Built on the foundation of a growing confidence in the scientific advances of psychiatry and psychology
· Numerous therapies were introduced, some of which have since been rejected as mental health treatments
· Resulted in poor living conditions and abuse
What was the institutional period of reform in the U.S.?
It led to the forced sterilizations of poor and minority populations based on the idea that certain individuals were genetically inferior.
· It led to the severe abuse of disproportionate numbers of Native Americans and African-Americans.
· The United States Supreme Court set precedence in its favor.
What was the eugenics movement?
Established in 1974 to ensure the protection of human subjects in research
· Numerous unethical human experiments that occurred between 1932 and 1979 involving patents of mental institutions that led to its creation.
What is the Institutional Review Board?
By what percent did the number of patients in mental health hospitals increase between 1903-1950?
Activists worked to tighten the procedures under which people with mental disorders could be involuntarily committed
· resulted in changes to the laws on civil commitment
How did the Community Mental Health Movement impact civil commitments?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Crime & Mental Disorders Chapter 1
Crime & Mental Disorders Chapter 3
Crime & Mental Disorders Chapter 4
Crime & Mental Disorders Chapter 5
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Delinquency Module 7
Delinquency Chapter 15
Delinquency Chapter 14
Delinquency Module 6
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Project Planning and Design Structural
"History and Geography 800 unit 1 Test"
Test Questions - Chapter 1
Deca State notecards