Words or phrases that a writer uses to represent persons, objects, actions, feelings and ideas descriptively by appealing to the senses.
When a situation turns out differently from what one would normally expect-though often the twist is oddly appropriate
When a character or speaker says or does something that has different meanings from what he or she thinks it means, though the audience and other characters understand the full implications of the speech or action.
A kind of metaphor that gives inanimate objects the abstract ideas of human characteristics.
A play on words that are identical or similar in sound but have sharply diverse meanings. Puns can have serious as well as humorous uses.
A comparison of two different things or ideas through the use of the words "like" or "as." It is a definitely stated comparison in which the poet says one thing is like another.
The repetition of the initial letter or sound in two or more words in a line of poetry.
A type of rhythmic pattern . It means that the lines have ten syllables each, with every second symbol accented.