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15 terms

Definitions of Some Common Forms of Figurative Language

SCS gr. 8 English
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Allusion
A reference to a mythological, literart or historical person, place or thing.
Imagery
Words or phrases that a writer uses to represent persons, objects, actions, feelings and ideas descriptively by appealing to the senses.
Verbal Irony
When a speaker or narrator says one thing while meaning the opposite.
Situational Irony
When a situation turns out differently from what one would normally expect-though often the twist is oddly appropriate
Dramatic Irony
When a character or speaker says or does something that has different meanings from what he or she thinks it means, though the audience and other characters understand the full implications of the speech or action.
Metaphor
The comparison of two unlike things not using "like" or "as"
Personification
A kind of metaphor that gives inanimate objects the abstract ideas of human characteristics.
Pun
A play on words that are identical or similar in sound but have sharply diverse meanings. Puns can have serious as well as humorous uses.
Simile
A comparison of two different things or ideas through the use of the words "like" or "as." It is a definitely stated comparison in which the poet says one thing is like another.
Onomatopoeia
The use of a word to imitate natural sounds.
Alliteration
The repetition of the initial letter or sound in two or more words in a line of poetry.
Assonance
The repetition of a vowel sound in two or more words in a line of poetry.
Rhythm
The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry.
Iambic Pentameter
A type of rhythmic pattern . It means that the lines have ten syllables each, with every second symbol accented.
Repetition
The use of a word, phrase, or line more than once in a poem. Repeating something adds emphasis to it.