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accessory digestive organs

These are not part of the gastrointestinal tract but do play a key role in the digestive system


This is a large organ located in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen


pertaining to the liver


the liver removes excess of this, it is commonly known as blood sugar


This is a form of starch which the liver converts back into glucose when the blood sugar level is low


is the pigment produced from the destruction of hemoglobin and released by the liver in bile


this is a digestive juice secreted by the liver and aids in he digestion of fat. It is stored in the gallbladder

biliary tree

this provides the channels through which bile is transported from the liver to the small intestine


pertaining to bile

common hepatic duct

this is the trunk which is just outside the liver

cystic duct

after the bile travels through the common hepatic duct it enters and exits through this


pear-shaped organ about the size of an egg located under the liver


this means pertaining to the gallbladder


This is a soft 6 inch long oblong gland that is located behind the stomach.


the process by which complex foods are broken down into nutrients that the body can use

degestive enzymes

these are responsible for the chemical changes that break food down into simpler forms

primary nutrients

charbohydrates, fats proteins vitamins and minerals are these which are only required in small amounts


this includes all of the processes involved in the body's use of nutrients


this is the building up of body cells and substances from nutrients


this is the breaking down of body cells or substances releasing energy and carbon dioxide


this is the process by which completely digested nutrients are transported to the cells throughout the body


finger like projections on the mucosa that lines the small intestine


these are specialized structures of the lymphatic system which absorb fats and fat soluble vitamins


also known as chewing, this breaks down food and mixes it with saliva


this is a mass of food that has been chewed and is ready to be swallowed


this is a series of wave like contractions that moves food downwards


this is the semifluid mass of partly digested food that passes out of the stomach through the pyloric sphincter and into the small intestine

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