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Online Gov. Study Guide 1
Terms in this set (33)
Why were the Articles of Confederation created?
establish the basic framework of the national government
What was the main reason the Articles of Confederation were eventually replaced?
failed to give the central government enough power to govern effectively
What was the main reason for calling the Philadelphia Convention?
a. strength the central government was needed
b. Economic turnoil
c. Shays rebellion
What were some major strengths of the Articles of Confederation?
a. developing a plan for the admission of new states
b. NorthWest ordinance of 1787
c. Won the American Revolution
What did Shays Rebellion expose to the Articles of Confederation?
a. A strong central government was needed, federal government had no army to put down the rebellion or even help the farmers to avoid rebellion
b. creation of the United States Constitution
Why was the national government under the Articles of Confederation so weak?
They feared the kind of rule experineced under the British Monarchy
What main idea guided the creation of the Articles of Confederation? What did the writers NOT want
A strong central government would threaten the rights of the people
Those that opposed the Ratification of the Constitution had what concerns?
a. A bill of rights should be added
b. The central government is too powerful
c. The nation is too large to remain a republic
What were the views of the Federalists?
proportional representation, anti slavery, stronger federal gov., no need for bill of rights
What is the primary reason for Congress in the US Constitution being a bicameral legislature?
To indclude both of the views of the Virginia plan and New Jersey plan
How was the enslaved population counted under the Constitution?
3/5 of the enslaved population was counted for representation
Why did antifederalists want a bill of rights?
to protect them from the government
What weaknesses within the Articles of Confederation did Shay's rebellion reveal?
strong central government was needed, federal gov. had no army to put down the rebellion or help the farmers to avoid the rebellion
Creation of the United States Constituion
Why did the founders include State Control over the National Debt in the Articles of Confederation and how did that eventually become a weakness?
government had no way to repay debt and could not tax
Why did the founders include Amending the Articles of Requiring unanimous consent in the Articles of Confederation and how did that eventually become a weakness?
They wanted everyone to agree, but no one could every unanimously agree so nothing was ever passed
Did big states prefer a bicameral legislature or a unicameral legislature? Why?
Big states preferred bicameral legislature because it gave proportional representation
Did small states prefer proportional representation or equal representation? Why?
Small states preferred equal representation because they had less people so they would get less votes
Did Federalists prefer proportional representation or equal representation? Why?
Which states were proslavery during the Constitutional Convention? Why?
Southern states because they had farms and crops
Did Federalists or Antifederalist prefer slavery during the constitutional convention? Why?
Antifederalists preffered slavery
Which of the following (select 3) preferred a stronger centralized government instead of the Articles of Confederation? Federalists, Antifederalist, Big States, Small States, Northern States, Southern States Why?
Did Federalists and Big States prefer for Congress to select the president or for the states to select the president? Why?
Congress Elect Presidnet
Which party insisted on a Bill of Rights during the Constitutional Convention?
Which plan for the constitution was supported by big states, and featured a bicameral congress with proportional representation in both houses?
What were the major features of the New Jersey Plan?
a. Unicarmeral Legislature
b. Proportional representation
c. Congress elects presidnet
d. Stronger central government
e. Three branches of government
What were the major sectional differences in the US during the Articles of Confederation?
pop vs. equal
large vs. small
slave vs. no slave
Who were important Federalists at the Constitutional Convention?
a. Ben Franklin
b. Alexander Hamilton
c. James Madison
d. John Jay
e. John Adams
Who were important Anti Federalists at the Constitutional Convention?
a. George Mason
b. Thomas Jefferson
c. Thomas Paine
d. Elbridge Gerry
e. Patrick Henry
What did the Constitutional Convention decide about the central government's ability to collect taxes?
Allowed them to collect and levy taxes
What were the major problems with state and federal currency during the Articles of Confederation?
states could create their own currency and it was often more than federal currency
What were two major causes of the US government under the Articles of Confederation being unable to pay its debts?
No federal taxation
What are the major weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
All 13 states had to ratify an amendment.
What are at least three reasons why the US economy collapsed during the 1780's? What events were caused by this economic collapse?
a. No federal taxation
b. States could create their own currency
c. states had to pay back their own debt to foreign countries without national help
d. The federal gov had no money to pay off national debt
e. states could tax each other
f. states could regulate trade with other states
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