Great Depression

a stock market crash wiped out all the gains of the previous year
What occurred on "Black Tuesday"?
marked the beginning of the depression, but did not cause it.
The Wall Street Crash:
a drop in agricultural production in the mid-1920s
All of the following were causes of the Great Depression EXCEPT:
unequal distribution of wealth
a drop in agricultural production in the mid-1920s
the dominance of oligopolies in the American economy
reckless banking and speculation unchecked by regulation
c.) the Federal Reserve Board restricted the nation's money supply
The Depression was prolonged when:
squalid collection of shacks where the homeless of American's cities lived
What were Hoovervilles?
b) firing women usually opened up more job opportunities to men
Which statement about women during the depression is NOT true?
women were generally less likely to be fired than men
firing women usually opened up more job opportunities to men
opposition to women during "men's job" stiffened during the depression
many of the nation's school districts refused to hire married women.
b) higher divorce rates
Social effects of the depression included all of the following EXCEPT:
lower birthrates
higher divorce rates
loss of self-esteem by unemployed workers
an increase in the number of men who deserted their families
blacks were generally the 1st workers fired and the last hired
Which statement about conditions for African-American during the depression is true?
was dispersed by troops under the command of General Douglas McArthur
The Bonus Army:
b)FDR had announced the specifics of his New Deal package of legislation
FDR defeated Hoover in 1932 for the of the following reasons EXCEPT:
public viewed Hoover as cold and ineffective at dealing with the Depression
FDR had announced the specifics of his New Deal package of legislation
Hoover's public image was damaged by the way handled the Bonus Army incident
FDR's confidence and charisma provided hope for many American voters
the active 1st 3 months of FDR's first term of office.
"The 100 Days" refers to:
b.) strengthen the faltering bank industry
FDR's first goal as president was to:
furnished funds to local and state governments
The Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA):
U.S. companies stopped investing in Germany
European economics werehurt during the Depression when:
Reconstruction Finance Cooperation
One of Herbert Hoover's few relief measures was creation of the:
the stock market
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) was created to regulate:
to inspect the financial health of the banks
Why did FDR declare a "bank holiday" early in his administration?
raise farm incomes by attacking overproduction
The Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) attempted to:
guaranteed workers the right to collective bargaining
Section 7A of the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA):
his combined message of religion with anti-Semitism
A particularly odious part of Fr. Coughlin's criticism of the New Deal was:
enact wider social welfare programs
Huey Long felt that FDR should:
established federal responsibility in providing social welfare
The Social Security Act:
a)despite its good intentions, it provided few jobs for Americans
All of the following statements are true about the WPA (Works Progress Association) EXCEPT:
despite its good intentions, it provided few jobs for Americans
the organization developed work projects for artists, musicians, and writers
it laid much of the nation's infrastructure on which the U.S. still relies
the WPA was 1 of many agencies in which Harry Hopkins played a major role
a wave of legislation including more social welfare benefits
What was the 2nd New Deal?
revealed that an overwhelming number of Americans supported FDR and the New Deal
The election of 1936:
Frances Perkins
The first women named to a presidential cabinet was Secretary of Labor:
guaranteed religious freedom, and halted the sale of tribal lands.
The Indian Reorganization Act:
brought jobs and modern conveniences to an impoverished region
Most southerners supported the TVA because it:
The ______ received the most New Deal money on a per capita basis for welfare, relief, and loans.
a. protection of domestic workers
Which of the following did New Deal programs fail to address?
a. protection of domestic workers
low prices for agriculture products
the decline of industrial prices
Native American's need for school, hospitals, and irrigation
assert more presidential control over the makeup of the Supreme Court
"Court packing" refers to FDR's proposal to:
revival of conservative opposition to FDR
One effect of FDR's "court packing" proposals was:
the Supreme Court outlawed them
Sit-down strikes were so successful that:
Wagner Act
Which of the following act finally protected labor's rights to organize, collectively bargain, and strike?
Wagner Act
Social Security Act
increased federal borrowing
The recession of 1937 was caused in part by:
Name early 1930's, Hitler establishes this type of government in Germany.
the Neutrality Acts
In an effort to avoid conflict, Congress passed a set of acts, designed to continue America's trade with its world partners but prohibit the president from taking sides in the mounting European crisis. They were called:
c)Civilian Conservation Corps
All of the following New Deal agencies still endure today except the:
Tennessee Valley Authority
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Civilian Conservation Corps
Securities and Exchange Commission
In the 1930s the United States took no substantial action when Japanese engaged in military actions in:
Benito Mussolini
The fascist leader of Italy was: