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Mental Health & mental Illness
Ch 1 w/some ch 4
Terms in this set (17)
-state of complete physical, mental, and social well being.
- A person needs to be physically healthy to have good mental health. Poor mental health can eventually lead to poor physical health & vice versa.
state of well being
Traits of good mental health
-think rationally(especially their views about reality)
-be resilient(adapt and overcome changes)
-healthy self-esteem/self accepting
-ability to adapt & cope w/normal stress
-make contributions to the community
-realize their own potential
-establish relationships while also seeking time to be alone and appreciate privacy
mentally heathy children & adolescent traits
-view the world as safe
-accurately interpret their environments
-master developmental skills
-use appropriate coping skills
mental illness used to believed to be caused by....
demonic forces. sometimes symbolized as a devils pitchfork.
HEADSSS psychosocial interview technique
-home environment: relationships w/parents and others in the home
-education/employment: school performance?
-activity: sports, group activities, interactions with friends?
-drugs, & substance use: alcohol, tobacco, illicit drugs
-sexuality: have they engaged in anything sexual?
-suicide/depression: is the pt at risk? any indications?
-safety : are they exposed to abuse in the home or violence in the neighborhood?
how is mental health cultrally defined?
mental health is viewed differently within every culture. Cultural norms determines behaviors that are considered acceptable or wrong.
-ability & the capacity to secure resources needed to support well being.
-effective in regulating emotions & not falling victim to negative, self defeating thoughts
-ability to adapt & recover from: trauma, stress, loss
evaluating whether a patient is able to successfully adapt to expected/unexpected life changes includes....(5)
-positive coping behaviors
-identify maladaptive coping behaviors
-participate in community resources
-list stress reduction techniques
-maintain housing, employment, relationships
-nature vs nurture
-mental illnesses may be a result of a combination of genetic & environmental factors
-nurture(diathesis)=genetics, family hx
-diagnostic & statistical manual of mental health disorders 5th edition
-guidelines for identifying & diagnosing 157 mental illnesses
-contains diagnostic criteria & symptoms
-helps nurses w/planning, implementing, evaluating care
-indicates expected assessment findings*symptoms)
-north american nursing diagnosis association
-nursing diagnosis based on a patients response to treatment & their symptoms/condition
-contains nursing interventions
A system to classify and code diagnoses, symptoms, and procedures. usually used by insurance companies to bill
difference between DSM & NANDA
-surroundings and physical environment./social environment
-includes all people, setting, structure, and emotional aspects important to promote security & healing
where is a patients milieu on the med surg unit?
in their rooms. everything takes place in their room because that is where healing takes place, and is most comfortable. eating, sleeping, talking, being treated.....
where is a patients milieu on the mental health unit?
- outside their rooms like the common area.
-MH pts heal best in social, calm, relaxing environments like group therapy, tv rooms, dinning halls.
-also safer for them; nurses can keep eye on them
-less risk for suicide
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Chapter 1 Mental Heath and Mental Illness
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