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Terms in this set (36)
True/False: A mechanical wave can travel through metal.
The two types of mechanical waves are ______________ and ________________
Transverse and Longitudinal
True/False: Waves carry matter.
The Law of Conservation of Energy states that...
Energy can not be created nor destroyed only transferred or transformed into different types of energy.
A graduated cylinder is filled to 8 mL with water. The water level rises to 12 mL when an orange marble is dropped in. Using the water displacement method, what is the volume of the orange marble?
How do you determine the amplitude of a transverse wave?
Distance of the crest to the resting point.
When the frequency of a wave increases, the ________________ decreases.
Use your periodic table to determine the number of protons in Nickel.
As the temperature of the air decreases, what happens to the speed of sound?
It slows down/decreases.
A hot air balloon rising is proof of which mode of heat transfer?
What happens to water as thermal energy is removed?
It turns into ice which is a solid.
A student is studying a mystery substance. It breaks easily. It has a very dull luster. It doesn't conduct any electricity. Most likely, this substance is a metal, nonmetal, or metalloid?
Adding heat to matter causes its molecules to _______________ and __________________.
speed up , and spread out
A wave with a long wavelength will have a ______ frequency and _____ energy.
(Gold/Sodium/Arsenic/Bismuth) would have some characteristics of metals and some characteristics of nonmetals.
Which section of the electromagnetic spectrum is the ONLY one we can see?
What is the state of matter that has an infinite shape and definite volume?
List the waves of the electromagnetic spectrum in order from highest frequency to lowest frequency.
Gamma, X-ray, Ultraviolet, Visible, Infrared, Microwave, Radio
Sound is produced by vibrating molecules and therefore must have a _________ in order to travel.
Light waves are (transverse or longitudinal) waves.
Describe the location of protons, neutrons, and electrons in an atom.
Electrons surround the nucleus and protons and neutrons are in the nucleus.
What can electromagnetic waves travel through that mechanical waves cannot travel through?
How could you increase the gravitational potential energy of an object without changing its height off the ground?
Why will a banana appear yellow?
Because it reflects yellow light.
List the colors of the visible light spectrum in order from highest frequency to lowest frequency.
Violet, Indigo, Blue, Green, Yellow, Orange, Red
When light passes through two different types of matter, what will it do?
What is the term given to the range of all types of electromagnetic radiation?
When light rays spread apart after passing through a cloud, this is known as __________.
When light passes through a convex lens, the light rays __________.
What is the difference in light reflection and light refraction?
Reflection changes the direction back at the same angle the light came in. Refraction changes the direction a little while changing mediums.
When increasing the amplitude of a sound wave you are increasing the ________ of the sound wave.
What color do we see when all light is reflected?
How do sound waves behave in a solid?
They move faster because they transfer vibrations quicker.
True/False: Microwaves have less energy than radio waves but more energy than infrared waves.
What do sound waves and light waves have in common?
They carry energy.
A magnifying glass causes objects to appear larger than they actually are. A magnifying glass contains a _____________ lens
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