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1. More studies seem to be sporting multiple authors and female authors.
2. Increased attention is being paid to multicultural issues.
3. Field-based professionals and practitioners are submitting fewer contributions.
4. Meta-studies are being used to summarize findings related to a given topic or a theme. Cohen's d effect size (ES) statistic is used to gauge how strong a relationship exists (i.e., small 0.2, medium 0.5, or large 0.8).
5. A majority of studies rely on graduate students and adults as subjects.
6. Qualitative (non-numerical) research popularized by luminaries such as Freud and Piaget seems to be making a comeback. Graduate programs are emphasizing qualitative procedures and research.
7. N = 1 single-subject designs seem to be making a comeback due to a number of advantages of this paradigm. First, only one person is required and counselors are very interested in individual change. The setting is usually a real-world situation rather than a laboratory setting. Finally, it is generally easier for consumers of mental health services to understand studies of this type since they generally need fewer complex statistical analyses. A type of single-subject (N = 1) numerical experiment using the ABABA design is common once again. This model, popularized in the 1970s by the behavior modification rage, tracks the client with an extended baseline, through treatment, to the outcome. Single-subject research is dubbed as idiographic, while studies using groups of individuals to discover general principles are called nomothetic.
8. Counselors and graduate students feel they need more training in APA publication guidelines in order to feel comfortable making journal submissions.
9. Kurt Lewin's concept of action research is popular because it is intended to improve the situation (not just advance knowledge) with local people/clients who will be better off at the end of the research. Self-surveys are often used to conduct Action Research. Action research bridges the gap between research and application/practice.
10. Using the Internet to conduct an experiment. Advantages can include rapid data collection, lower research costs, and very often the ability to secure very large sample sizes.
11. Neuroscience is being used to help guide diagnostic and treatment procedures. More females are being used in such studies since most traditional neuroscience findings are biased toward male humans and other mammals. The microbiome gut-mental health connection is emerging, especially in regard to bad bacteria and good bacteria (think probiotics such as organic yogurt or kefir) in the gastrointestinal tract.