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Human Body Systems
Terms in this set (35)
Forms the linings, coverings, and glandular tissue of
Protects, supports, and binds
together other body tissues.
Specialized to contract
and cause movement.
to stimuli and transmits
impulses and together
with supporting cells.
4 Types of tissues:
outer layer of skin, outer layer of each organ, insides of blood vessels, inside hollow organs
Found between the skin and muscle in between most epithelial things
Attached to the skeleton, found inside internal organs, and heart and large vessels
Brain, spinal cord, and nerves.
Epithelial: Single layer of flat cells / Usually forms membranes - Lines body cavities / Lines lungs and capillaries.
Epithelial: Single layer of cube-like cells / Common in glands and their ducts . Forms walls of kidney tubules / Covers the ovaries
Epithelial: Single layer of tall cells / Often includes goblet cells, which produce mucus / Lines digestive tract
Epithelial: Single later, but some cells are shorter than others / Often looks like a double cell layer / Sometimes ciliated, such as in respiratory tract / May function in absorption or secretion
Epithelial: Cells at the free edge are flattened / Found as a protective covering where friction is common / Found in skin, mouth, and esophagus.
Epithelial: Two layers of cuboidal cells
Epithelial: Surface cells are columnar, cells underneath vary in size and shape.
Epithelial: Shape of cells depends upon the amount of stretching / Lines organs of the urinary system.
Connective: Non-living material that surrounds living cells
Connective: Cells in lacunae (cavities) / Composed of: hard matrix of calcium salts, large numbers of collagen fibers / Used to protect and support the body
Connective: Most common cartilage / Composed of: abundant collagen fibers, rubbery matrix / Entire fetal skeleton is hyaline cartilage
Connective: Provides elasticity
Connective: Highly compressible
Dense Connective Tissue
Connective: Main matrix element is collagen fibers / Cells are fibroblasts
Areolar Connective Tissue
Connective: Most widely distributed / Soft, pliable tissue / Contains all fiber types / Can soak up excess fluid
Connective: Matrix is an areolar tissue in which fat globules predominate / Many cells contain large lipid deposits / Functions: insulates the body, protects some organs, serves as a site of fuel storage
Reticular Connective Tissue
Connective: Delicate network of interwoven fibers / Forms stroma (internal supporting network) of lymphoid organs - lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow
Connective: Cells surrounded by fluid matrix / Fibers are visible during clotting / Functions as the transport vehicle for materials / Fight infections / only fluid connective tissue
Can be controlled voluntarily / Cells attach to connective tissue / Cells are striated (striped) / Cells have more than one nucleus / Locomotion and body heat
Found only in the heart / Function is to pump blood (involuntary) / Cells attached to other cardiac muscle cells at intercalated disks (gap junctions) / Cells are striated (striped) / One nucleus per cell
Involuntary muscle / Surround hollow organs / Attached to other smooth muscle cells / No visible striations / One nucleus per cell
Neurons and Neuroglial
Function is to send impulses to other areas of the body
Connective Tissue Function:
Binds together (i.e. areolar), protects (i.e. bone), insulates (i.e. fat), stores (i.e. bone/fat), transports (i.e. blood)
Epithelial Tissue Function:
Protection of underlying tissues(dehydration, mechanical irritation), absorption of gases or nutrients(fluids, mucus) , and secreting cell products(enzymes, sweat, and hormones).
Lends to support the body and binds together other tissues.
Receive impulse from the outside environment and transport them to the central nervous system, interpret stimuli and send out appropriate responses.
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
PLS LECTURE 2: VEGETATIVE PLANT BODY
Pharmacology PT. 1
BLAW Test #1 (MODULE 1)
Skin Integrity and Wound Healing