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47 terms

Ch 13

STUDY
PLAY
screened for through the neonatal screening blood collection procedure
which of the following is true of congenital hypothyroidism
false
an incision for a heel stick on an infant should not go deeper than 3.0 mm
bandage
use of a ______ over a skin puncture site is not recommended for children less than 2 years old
depression
which of the following is an emotional factor associated with the aging process
EMLA
eutectic mixture of local anesthetics is also called
map and wireless phone
extra supplies and equipment needed by home health care workers who collect specimens from homebound patients that are not necessary for workers in a hospital include
one
for children older than ____ year, a fingerstick is appropriate for blood collection
false
EMLA is a topical anesthetic used after venipuncture in children
parkinson's disease
which of the following is a debilitating disease causing tremors, particularly in elderly individuals
disposable gloves
which of the following equipment is necessary for newborn screening blood collection
4 hours
after the blood collected from a heel stick is placed on the neonatal screening card, the card must dry in a horizontal position for a minimum of
arterial
_____blood is the specimen of choice for blood gas testing
2.0
if an incision for a heelstick goes deeper than ____ mm in a newborn, it can lead to osteomyelitis
true
a physical problem common in elderly individuals is loss of feeling
cystic fibrosis
which of the following disorders can be detected through neonatal screening
sterile, automatic disposable pediatric skin puncture devices, 70% isopropanol alcohol swabs, newborn screening cards, disposable gloves
list the blood collection equipment needed for newborn screening blood collection
true
a 10 mL blood sample collected from a newborn is equivalent to 5 to 10 percent of the infant's total blood volume
osteomyelitis
which of the following is a complication that can result from multiple deep heel sticks on an infant
23 gauge
which of the following gauge sizes should be used for the infant scalp venipuncture
supine
the horizontal position to immobilize a child is also referred to as the ______ position
arterial blood
which of the following is the specimen of choice for testing the pH, pO2, and pC02, of the blood
blood specimen not properly dried before mailing, filter paper circles not completely filled, blood applied to both sides of the filter paper, heelstick squeezed or milked
describe at least four interferences that can occur in newborn screening collections
foam or cream disinfectants
which of the following is an acceptable alternative to hand washing prior to phlebotomy procedures
in a comfortable, reclining position
specimen collection in a patient's home may involve unusual positioning of the patient, what is the preferred position or location from which to collect a blood specimen from a homebound patient
sickle cell disease
which of the following is a commonly inherited disease that is detectable through a newborn screening process in neonates
in a treatment room
the best location for performing venipuncture on a hospitalized 7 year old is
all of the above
physical frailties that may affect elderly individuals include
true
sucrose is effective in reducing pain and crying time during a blood collection procedure for an infant
EMLA
which of the following is an acceptable intervention to alleviate pain during venipuncture on a 5 year old child
treatment
in the hospital, it is best to perform a blood collection procedure on a child in a ______ room
true
parkinson's disease often occurs in elderly individuals
puncture-resistant sharps container
which of the following is needed for blood collection by skin puncture on an infant
hematology specimens
when a skin puncture is performed on an infant, which of the following specimens is collected first
medial or lateral section of the heel
which is the preferred site for a heel stick
false
the central area of the infant's heel is the best site for a heel stick blood collection
less than 2.0mm
the optimal depth of a fingerstick in a child is
all of the above
transportation requirements for specimens collected from homebound patients include
15 degrees
the angle of the needle for scalp vein venipuncture of an infant should be
one
for the newborn screening blood collection procedure, only ____ side of the filter paper should be used
topical anesthetic applied to the child's arm before venipuncture
EMLA, sometimes used for pediatric venipuncture procedures, is a
true
a minute metal filling and magnet are necessary for the capillary blood gas procedure
true
the EMLA application provides anesthesia for 45 minutes to 3 hours
lateral posterior area of the heel
which of the following sites is recommended to collect capillary blood gases on a newborn
latex
children with spina bifida are particularly sensitive to
72 hours old
blood spot testing for neonatal screening disorders should be performed before the newborn is
four
a common interference in newborn screening collections occurs when blood specimens are not dried for _____ hours before mailing
false
cystic fibrosis is detected by the capillary blood gas test