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Febuary - Bellringers
Terms in this set (42)
True/False: A mechanical wave can travel through metal.
The two types of mechanical waves are ______________ and ________________ .
T/F Waves carry matter.
The law of conservation of energy states that...
Energy can not be created nor destroyed
A graduated cylinder is filled to 8 mL with water. The water level rises to 12 mL when an orange marble is dropped in. Using the water displacement method, what is the volume of the orange marble?
How do you determine the amplitude of transverse wave?
The height (which is the distance from the resting point and the crest.)
When the frequency of a wave increases, the ________________ decreases.
Use your periodic table to determine the number of protons in Nickel.
In which type of medium do sound waves travel fastest?
Two liquids, A and B, have densities of 0.75 g/mL and 1.14 g/mL, respectively. When both liquids are poured into a container, one liquid floats on top of the other.Which liquid is on top?
As the temperature of the air decreases, what happens to the speed of sound?
A hot air balloon rising is proof of which mode of heat transfer?
What happens to water as thermal energy is removed?
Become a solid
A student is studying a mystery substance. It breaks easily. It has a very dull luster. It doesn't conduct any electricity. Most likely, this substance is a metal,nonmetal, or metalloid?
Adding heat to matter causes its molecules to _______________ and __________________.
spread furhter apart and move faster
A wave with a long wavelength will have a ______ frequency and _____ energy
(Gold/Sodium/Arsenic/Bismuth) would have some characteristics of metals and some characteristics of nonmetals.
Which section of the electromagnetic spectrum is the ONLY one we can see?
What is the state of matter that has an infinite shape and definite volume?
List the waves of the electromagnetic spectrum in order from highest frequency to lowest frequency.
Sound is produced by vibrating molecules and therefore must have a _________ in order to travel.
Light waves are (transverse or longitudinal) waves.
Describe the location of protons, neutrons, and electrons in an atom.
nucleus, electrons on the outside
What can electromagnetic waves travel through that mechanical waves cannot travel through?
How could you increase the gravitational potential energy of an object without changing its height off the ground?
incresase the mass
Why will a banana appear yellow?
Because the banana absorbs all the other colors and reflect yellow the color that we see.
List the colors of the visible light spectrum in order from highest frequency to lowest frequency.
Violet, Blue,Green, Yellow, Orange, Red
If light passes through two different types of matter, it will do what
What is the term given to the range of all types of electromagnetic radiation?
Electro Magnetic Spectrum
When light rays spread apart after passing through a cloud, this is known as __________.
When light passes through a convex lens, the light rays __________.
Makes small this bigger and goes into a fix point
What is the difference in light reflection and light refraction?
Bounces off, bends the light
When increasing the amplitude of a sound wave you are increasing the ________ of the sound wave.
What color do we see when all light is reflected?
How do sound waves behave in a solid?
They travel faster because the paricls are colser together
True/False: Microwaves have less energy than radio waves but more energy than infrared waves.
What do sound waves and light waves have in common?
They both travel in waves and they both transfer energy
A magnifying glass causes objects to appear larger than they actually are. A magnifying glass contains a _____________ lens.
Lead is heated and melts into a liquid. Is this a chemical or physical change?
Elements with 8 valence electrons belong to which group on the periodic table?
Noble gases or Group 18
Which wave of the electromagnetic spectrum has a longer wavelength than x-rays but a shorter wavelength than visible light?
When thermal energy is increased in a gas, the gas will change states to a plasma. What is this phase change called?
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