GOV: Constitutional Principles
Vocab for Government Class - Unit 2 - The Constitution
Terms in this set (15)
a form of government in which power is divided between multiple leveles of government. National, state, local, etc...
Opening paragraph of the US Constitution; listed its basic principles
Changes to the Constitution. One of the reasons the Constitution has survived as long as it has
Supreme Law of the Land
The Constitution. Stated in Article VI.
Necessary & Proper Clause
Allows Congress to pass laws necessary to carry out their constitutional duties; "elastic" clause (Art. I, Sec 8, clause 18)
The Judicial Branch of the federal government. Interprets the Constitution. Highest court.
Part of the principle of checks & balances - the Supreme Court can "review" a law passed by Congress and declare it to be unconstitutional.
Legislative Branch of the Federal Government. Has the power to make laws, approve judicial appointments, and overturn a presidential veto
Executive Branch of the federal government. Has the power to appoint judges and to veto laws passed by Congress
Checks & Balances
Constitutional principle that puts the three branches in conflict with each other so that one branch cannot act without the involvement of the others in some way.
President's power to stop a law from being enacted. Can be overridden by Congressional vote.
The people possess the fundamental power to make decisions. Represented by the words "We the People" in the Constitution (preamble)
Constitutional principle that government power should be restrained and carefully used in order to avoid violating the will of the people
When a law conflicts with the Constitution
Separation of Powers
Government power is distributed between 3 branches so that no one branch has all of the power.
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