HHSENG3AP - Rhetorical Terms List 3
Terms in this set (20)
meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests beyond its literal definition
the circumstances, atmosphere, attitudes, and events surrounding a text
an opposing argument to the one a writer is putting forward; rather than ignoring this type of argument, a strong writer will usually address it through the process of concession and refutation
a statement that includes a brief counterargument, usually qualified with although or but... has the advantage of immediately addressing the counterargument. (Although the Harry Potter series may have some literary merit, its popularity has less to do with storytelling than with merchandising.)
a sentence that doesn't arrive to the main point until the end of the sentence; this type of sentence completes the main idea at the beginning and then builds and adds on.
A method of reasoning in which a specific conclusion follows necessarily from the stated general principle or universal truth, which is then applied to a specific case. Tis usually demonstrated in the syllogism.
A speaker or writer's choice of words (formal, informal, colloquial, full of slang, poetic, ornate, plain, abstract, concrete, etc.); has a powerful effect on tone
either/or (false dilemma)
logical fallacy which presents two extreme options as the only possible choices (Either we agree to isolate people who have been around ebola patients, or up to 90% of us all die due to this unstoppable virus.)
An ancient kind of literary composition that became the most common form of art criticism well into the 20th century; a verbal description of a painting or other visual work of art.
A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line
A run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next... differs from an end-stopped line in which the grammatical and logical sense is completed within the line.
A syllogism in which one of the premises—often the major premise—is unstated, but meant to be understood, e.g. "Children should be seen and not heard. Be quiet, John." Here, the minor premise—that John is a child—is left to the ingenuity of the reader.
A short statement with a clever twist at the end, or a concise and witty statement.
a quotation or aphorism at the beginning of a literary work suggestive of the theme.
A fallacy by which a key word or phrase in an argument is used with more than one meaning.
A Greek term referring to the character of a person; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals; established both by who you are and what you say
(n) A laudatory speech or written tribute, especially one praising someone who has died
an inaccurate, inappropriate, or misleading comparison between two things; Employees are like nails. Just as nails must be hit in the head in order to make them work, so must employees.
based on something the writer knows, whether it's from personal experience, observations, or general knowledge of events.
A fallacy in which a faulty conclusion is reached because of inadequate evidence.