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According to Erikson, young adults aged 18 years and older are working on which developmental task?
When an 18-month-old throws a temper tantrum because he can't have a cookie, he is demonstrating that he has not yet developed
A child's peer group consists of individuals who
-are of the same social status
-are of the same age
-have common interests
Positive reinforcement refers to a consequence being _________, whereas negative reinforcement refers to a consequence being _________
"I can't hit Kyle; therefore I can't hit any other children" is an example of
Talking about the reasons why a child cannot do something is characteristic of
Jeanie uses a Time Out chair in the corner of her kitchen with her 2½-year-old daughter Jasmine. If Jasmine draws on the floor with crayons, which she has been told not to do, she has to go to Time Out. Jeanie's use of Time Out is demonstrating what characteristic of operant socialization?
After 5 years as a member of the state library/media specialist professional organization, Audra became the group president. When she was a regular member, she never felt like she could share her opinions about the future of the organization, but as the president she feels more confident in expressing her ideas. This can be explained by what psychological factor of social groups?
acceptance by the group
Children are more likely to do the same behaviors that someone has modeled for them when they:
-have paid attention
-have the ability to do the behavior
A developmental task:
lies between what a person needs and what the society in which that person lives requires
A child who has a secure attachment to a primary caregiver is more likely to exhibit what type of behavior?
-willingness to explore their environment
-sympathy for others
What is the progression of behaviors experienced by an apprentice?
expert structures activities - expert and novice collaborate on activities - novice does activities independently
Why is it important for children to be part of peer groups?
relationships with peers are qualitatively different from relationships with authority figures
Abigail started out as a theater major in college but quickly became discouraged with the rejection involved in the audition process, so she dropped out of school before the end of her freshman year. When looking at Abigail's identity formation, which status did she demonstrate with her decision to quit school?
Around what age are children transitioning from concrete to abstract reasoning?
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