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Chapter 24 Study Quide
Terms in this set (36)
Who expanded the country of Prussia?
Otto von Bismarck
Describe the uprisings of 1830 and 1848. What happened? Were they successful? Who was involved?
Most people were openly revolting against conservative governments to have democratic governments; Greece France, Poland, and Belgium; yes they were successful; Russia and Austria were involved
the belief that people should be loyal mainly to their nation— that is, to the people with whom they share a culture and history— rather than to a king or empire
in the first half of the 19th century, a European— usually a middle-class business leader or merchant— who wanted to give more political power to elected parliaments
in Spanish colonial society, colonists who were born in Spain
in Spanish colonial society, a colonist who was born in Latin America to Spanish parents
person of mixed European and African ancestry
a brilliant creole general; wealthy Venezuelan creole; 1783-1830, Venezuelan statesman: leader of revolt of South American colonies against Spanish rule.
a brilliant creole general; a great liberator from Argentina; South American general and statesman, born in Argentina: leader in winning independence for Argentina, Peru, and Chile; protector of Peru
Jose de San Martin
a priest in the small village of Dolores; issued a small rebellion against the Spanish for independence
another strong leader for the rebellion against the Spanish for independence
Jose Maria Morelos
the nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte, won the presidential election. Four years later, he took the title of Emperor Napoleon III
Nicholas's son; decided to move Russia toward modernization and social change; (r. 1855-1881) Emperor of Russia; advocated moderate reforms for Russia; emancipated the serfs; he was assassinated.
King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia's prime minister; a cunning statesman who worked tirelessly to expand Piedmont-Sardinia's power
Camillo de Cavour
a bold and visionary soldier who led an army of Italian nationalists; always wore a bright red shirt in battle as did his followers
Wilhelm's conservative Junker prime minister; a master of what claims to the known as realpolitik meaning "the politics of reality"; becomes one of the commanding figures of German history
Otto von Bismarck
"the politics of reality" —the practice of tough power politics without room for idealism
a German emperor (from the Roman title Caesar)
an early 19th-century movement in art and thought, which focused on emotion and nature rather than reason and society
Compare the liberation of Mexico and Brazil. Were they similar or different. How so?
Brazil had a much more successful time when gaining their independence, Mexico it took two tries to final get their independence and the independence movement started in Brazil
What was the goal of impressionist artists and composers? What characteristics are associated with impression?
To try to show emotion; shimmering lights and colors, patterns and music
What happened in the 19th century Europe?
Nationalism emerges causing many revolutions
How are the unification ps of Germany and Italy similar?
They were both ruled by Austria and both started gaining their individual states
Which group controlled most of Europe by 1849?
Which country lost the most territory when Italy was United?
At which point during the unification of Italy did Rome become the capital? What was conquered?
1870; the Papal States
Describe the Franco-Prussian War. How did it start? Who was involved? Result?
French Ambassador sent an EMS apologizing for protesting against Prince Leopold von Holhenzollern. Bismarck altered the telegram to make it seem as though the French insulted Napoleon III instead of apologizing; France, Prussia, and Bismarck; Germany was United under Prussian rule
What was the title of the German emperor?
What movement is associated with Goethe, Chopin, Coleridge, and Constable?
Formerly enslaved, he was a leader who lead an African revolt; becomes a skilled general and diplomat
Son of former viceroy of Peru
French colony that was the first Latin American territory to free itself from European rule
Leader of Austria, and had the Congress of Vienna try to restore the old monarchies and territorial divisions that had existed before the French Revolution
Klemens von Metternich
Nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte, who won the presidential election; four years later, he took the title Emperor Napoleon III
Wrote one of the earliest and most successful Gothic horror novels, Frankenstein
Ruled Great Britain after Charles X was kicked out; supplied liberal reforms in France
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