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Some important personality disorders mentioned in "The Personality Puzzle" by Funder


Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

Personality Disorder Not Otherwise Specified


Axis I

Severe Psychopathologies

Axis II

Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation

Axis III

General Medical Conditions

Axis IV

Environmental Stressors

Axis V

Overall Functioning

Ego Syntonic

People who have these disorders do not think anything is wrong

Ego Dystonic

People who are distressed due to these disorders


The DSM-IV lists lists ___ major disorders that are severe enough to cause serious problems

Dependent PD

People who prefer to have their (major or minor) needs taken care of by others

Avoidant PD

Fear of failure and rejection so extreme that they avoid normal activities

Obsessive Compulsive PD

A pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control at the expense of openness, flexibility and efficiency.

Paranoid PD

Suspiciousness and distrust of others, all of whom are assumed to be hostile;hypersensitive to criticism

Histrionic PD

Always center of attention through behavior, appearance, dress; strong baseless opinions

Antisocial PD

Deceit and Manipulations become core aspects of a person

Narcissistic PD

Exaggerated ideas of self-importance and achievements; preoccupation with fantasies of success; arrogance

Schizotypal PD

Odd eccentric beliefs and behaviors; interpersonal awkwardness

Schizoid PD

Unable to take pleasure in any social interaction (conversations to sex)

Borderline PD

Unstable and confused behavior; poor sense of identity; self-harm and self-defeating

Self report scales


Structured interview

asked a series of questions designed to maintain objectivity while narrowing down the issue

Cluster A

Patterns of oddities or eccentric thinking. IE: Schizoid, Schizotypal, and Paranoid.

Cluster B

Impulsive and erratic patterns of behavior. IE: Histrionic, Narcissistic, Antisocial and Borderline.

Cluster C

Anxious and Avoidant emotional styles. IE: Dependant, Avoidant, and OCPD.

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