25 terms

Personality Disorders

Some important personality disorders mentioned in "The Personality Puzzle" by Funder
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Personality Disorder Not Otherwise Specified
Axis I
Severe Psychopathologies
Axis II
Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation
Axis III
General Medical Conditions
Axis IV
Environmental Stressors
Axis V
Overall Functioning
Ego Syntonic
People who have these disorders do not think anything is wrong
Ego Dystonic
People who are distressed due to these disorders
The DSM-IV lists lists ___ major disorders that are severe enough to cause serious problems
Dependent PD
People who prefer to have their (major or minor) needs taken care of by others
Avoidant PD
Fear of failure and rejection so extreme that they avoid normal activities
Obsessive Compulsive PD
A pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control at the expense of openness, flexibility and efficiency.
Paranoid PD
Suspiciousness and distrust of others, all of whom are assumed to be hostile;hypersensitive to criticism
Histrionic PD
Always center of attention through behavior, appearance, dress; strong baseless opinions
Antisocial PD
Deceit and Manipulations become core aspects of a person
Narcissistic PD
Exaggerated ideas of self-importance and achievements; preoccupation with fantasies of success; arrogance
Schizotypal PD
Odd eccentric beliefs and behaviors; interpersonal awkwardness
Schizoid PD
Unable to take pleasure in any social interaction (conversations to sex)
Borderline PD
Unstable and confused behavior; poor sense of identity; self-harm and self-defeating
Self report scales
Structured interview
asked a series of questions designed to maintain objectivity while narrowing down the issue
Cluster A
Patterns of oddities or eccentric thinking. IE: Schizoid, Schizotypal, and Paranoid.
Cluster B
Impulsive and erratic patterns of behavior. IE: Histrionic, Narcissistic, Antisocial and Borderline.
Cluster C
Anxious and Avoidant emotional styles. IE: Dependant, Avoidant, and OCPD.