MK's Social Studies SOL

What did the 13th Amendment do?
Slavery is outlawed in the united states
What did the 14th amendment do?
Granted citizenship and equal protection under the law
What did the 15th amendment do?
African american males were given the right to vote
which amendments guaranteed equal protection under the law for all citizens
13, 14, 15
Southern military leaders were not allowed to do what after the civil war?
hold office
What were some of the problems caused by reconstruction policies in the south?
Some northern carpetbaggers took advantage of southerners, southerners resented northern carpetbaggers and soldiers and not liking southern AA holding office
Who supervised the south during reconstruction?
What gave federal troops the authorization to enforce equal rights of african americans?
Civil Rights Act of 1866
After the civil war, what organization was created to help former slaves in the south?
Freedmen's Bureau
What were the reconstruction policies
southern military leaders could not hold office, african americans could hold public office, northern soldiers had to supervise the south, freedman's bureau was established to aid former slaves
how did reconstruction end?
it ended in 1877 as a result of compromise over the outcome of the election 1876, federal troops were removed from the south, rights that african americans had gained were lost through Jim Crow laws
norhterners that moved to the south to help former slaves and/or make a profit
civil rights act of 1866
granted african americans the same legal rights as white americans. It also authorized the use of soldiers to enforce the law
KKK (Klu Klux Klan)
organization that terrorized african americans. the used violence and intimidation to prevent african americans from exercising their civil rights
southern democrats called southern republicans this name which means "mean fellow". The felt these southerners had betrayed the south by voting for republican candidates and ideas
means to separate
Frederick Douglass
During Reconstruction, he wanted a constitutional amendment guaranteeing voting rights for former slaves.
Robert E Lee
After the Civil War, he encouraged his fellow southerners to reconcile with the North and stop fighting. He became the president of Washington College (presently named Washington and Lee)
Abraham Lincoln
He felt reconciliation and preserving the union was more important than punishing the south. He created a reconstruction plan to unite the country.
Sod Houses
homes were made from packed dirt due to lack of trees
dry farming
grew crops that were less dependent on rain and plowed deeper (like wheat)
transcontinental railroad
railroad line that united the west coast with omaha, nebraska. It made it faster and easier to travel from part of the country to the other.
areas of land set aside for native americans. the government thought the american indians would stay on the land but most were nomadic and it didn't work
Chief Joseph
leader of the nez perce, did not want to fight but didn't want to go to a reservation in Idaho either. he tried to take his people to Canada but was unsuccessful. He is famous for saying "I will fight no more forever"