29 terms

Psych Ch. 13

STUDY
PLAY
Biological model
Physiological or biochemical basis
Psychoanalytic model
Disorders are the result of unconscious conflicts
Cognitive-Behavioral model
Disorders are the result of learning maladaptive ways of behaving and thinking
Diathesis-Stress model
Biological predisposition to disorder which is triggered by stress
Systems theory (biopsychosocial model)
Model in which biological, psychological, and social risk factors combine to produce psychological disorders
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
(DSM-IV-TR)
Insanity
Legal term for mentally disturbed people who are not considered responsible for their criminal actions
Major depressive disorder
Intense symptoms of depression that may last for several months
Dysthymia
Less intense than depression, but may last for periods of two years or more
Mania
Not as common as depression
Symptoms
Feelings of euphoria
Extreme physical activity
Excessive talkativeness
Grandiosity
Bipolar Disorder
Characterized by alternating between depression and mania
Bipolar Disorder
Periods of normal mood may come between bouts of depression and mania
Much less common than depression
Stronger biological component than depression
Causes of Mood Disorders
Biological factors

Psychological factors

Social factors
Cognitive distortions
Maladaptive response to early negative life events that leads to feelings of incompetence and unworthiness
Suicide
11th leading cause of death
Anxiety Disorders
Any disorder in which anxiety is a characteristic feature or avoidance of anxiety motivates abnormal behavior
Specific Phobias
Intense fear of specific situations or objects
Social phobias
Excessive fear of social situations
Agoraphobia
Intense fear of crowds and public places or other situations that require separation from source of security, such as the home
Panic Disorder
Recurrent panic attacks in which the person experiences intense terror without cause
Person is often left with fear of having another panic attack
Can lead to agoraphobia
Generalized anxiety disorder
Prolonged vague but intense fears not attached to any particular object or circumstance
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Driven to disturbing thoughts (obsessions) and/or performing senseless rituals (compulsions)
Psychosomatic Disorders
Real physical illness with psychological causes such as stress or anxiety
Somatoform Disorders
Physical symptoms without any physical cause
Somatization disorder
Vague, recurrent physical complaints without physical cause
Conversion disorder
Dramatic, specific disability without physical cause
Hypochondriasis
Minor symptoms are interpreted as sign of serious illness
Body dysmorphic disorder
Person becomes preoccupied with imagined ugliness and cannot function normally
Causes of Somatoform Disorders
Freud

Biological perspective

Cognitive behavioral