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72 terms

General Surgery I

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anastomosis
surgical connection of two tubular structures, such as two pieces of the intestine
bulbocavernosus
muscle that constricts the vagina ina female and the urethra in a male
bulbourethral gland
rounded mass of the urethra
calculus
concretion of mineral salts, also called a stone
calycoplasty
surgical reconstruction of a recess of the renal pelvis
calyx
recess of the renal pelvis
cavernosa-corpus spongiosum shunt
creation of a connection between a cavity of the penis and the urethra
cavernosa-glans penis fistulization
creation of a connection between a cavity of the penis and the glans penis, which overlaps the penis cavity
cavernosa-saphenous vein shunt
creation of a connection between the cavity of the penis and the vein
cavernosometry
measurement of the pressure in a cavity
cholangiography
radiographic recording of the bile ducts
chole-
prefix meaning bile
cholecystectomy
surgical removal of the gallbladder
cholecystoenterostomy
creation of a connection between the gallbladder and the intestine
chordee
conditon resulting in the penis' being bent downward
colonoscopy
fiberscopic examination of the entire colon that may include part of the terminal ileum
colostomy
artificial opening between the colon and the abdominal wall
corpora cavernosa
the two cavities of the penis
cystolithectomy
removal of a calculus (stone) from the urinary bladder
cystolithotomy
cystolithectomy
cystometrogram (CMG)
measurement of the pressures and capacity of the urinary bladder
cystoplasty
surgical reconstruction of the bladder
cystorrhaphy
suture of the bladder
cystoscopy
use of a scope to view the bladder
cystostomy
surgical creation of an opening into the bladder
cystotomy
incision into the bladder
cystourethroplasty
surgical reconstruction of the bladdera and urethra
cystourethroscopy
use of a scope to view the bladder and urethra
diaphragm
muscular wall that seperates the throacic and abdominal cavities
diaphragmatic hernia
hernia of the diaphragm
electrodesiccation
destruction of a lesion by the use of electric current radiated through a neddle
endopyelotomy
procedure involving the bladder and ureters, including the insertion of a stent
enterocystoplasty
surgical reconstruction of the small intestine after the removal of a cyst and usually including a bowel anastomosis
epididymectomy
surgical removal of the epididymis
epididymis
tube located at the top of the testes that store sperm
epididymovasostomy
creation of a new connection between the vas deferens and epididymis
eventration
protrusion of the bowel through the vicera of the abdomen
evisceration
pulling the visvera outside of the body through an incision
exstrophy
condition in which an organ in turned inside out
fulguration
use of electric current to destry tissue
fundoplasty
repair of the bottom of an organ or muscle
gastro-
prefix meaning stomach
gastrointestinal
pertaining to the stomach and the intestine
gastroplasty
operation on the stomach for repair or reconfiguration
gastrostomy
artifical opening between the stomach and the abdominal wall
gloss(o)-
prefix meaning tongue
hepta(o)-
prefix meanig liver
hernia
organ or tissue protruding through the wall or cavity that usually contains it
hydrocele
sac of fluid
hypospadias
congenital deformity of the urethra in which the urethral opening is on the underside of the penis rather than at the end
ileostomy
artificial opening between the ileum and the abdominal wall
imbrication
overlapping
incarcerated
regarding hernias, a constricted, irreducible hernia that may cause obstruction of an intestine
jejunostomy
artificial opening between the jejunum and the abdominal wall
Kock pouch
surgical creation of a urinary bladder from a sement of the ileum
laparoscopy
exploration of the abdomen and pelvic cavities using a scope placed through a small incision in the abdominal wall
litholapaxy
lithotripsy
lithotomy
incision into an organ or a duct for the purpose of removing a stone
lithotripsy
crushing of a gallbladder or urinary bladder stone followed by irrigation to wash the fragment out
lymphadenectomy
excision of a lymph node or nodes
marsupialization
surgical procedure that creates an exterior pouch from an internal abscess
meatotomy
surgical enlargement of an opening of the urinary meatus
mediatinoscopy
use of an endoscope inserted through a small incision to view the mediastinum
mediastinotomy
cutting into the mediastinum
mediastinum
area between the lungs that contains the heart, aorts, trachea, lymph nodes, thymus gland, esophagus, and bronchial tubes
nephrectomy, paraperitoneal
kidney transplant
nephro-
prefix meaning kidney
nephrocutaneous
a channel from the kidney to the skin
nephrolithotomy
removal of a kidney stone through an incision made into the kidney
nephrorrhaphy
suturing of the kidney
nephrostolithotomy
creation of an artificial channel to the kidney
nephrostolithotomy, percutaneous
procedure to establish an artificial channel between the skin and the kidney